Post-colonialism and the Politics of Kenya
The study of Africa arouses many passions and prejudices which are the subject of this book. This book seeks to examine the hegemonic role that African studies has played in the invention of Africanism. Politics within Kenya remains entrapped by Western constructions of institutions and the practice of politics. The post-colonial period is linked inextricably to the colonial period. Kenya's political, economic, social and cultural framework has been and continues to be dominated by the colonial legacy. The discussion of Africanism earlier suggests that the decolonisation process did not achieve liberation fully, except in the narrowest of political terms. Rather, the West continued its dominance by more subtle means which has permeated the very imagination of the colonised. It is this continuing colonisation of the imagination which dominates the political scene. The ever increasing hegemonic role of donor agencies and donor countries, under the guise of structural adjustment programmes, ensures that countries such as Kenya become hostage to the latest manifestation of Africanism.
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Affairs Africa Confidential African Studies airforce Anyona appointed assistant ministers August became cabinet ministers campaign candidates central challenge change-the-constitution Charles Njonjo colonial consolidate constitution contest coup crisis critical Daniel Arap Moi debate despite detainees detention Development dissidents dominant economic Elections in Kenya electorate emerged ensure established ethnic groups European factions forces GEMA GEMA-Family alliance Gertzel Gichuru institutions issue J.M. Kariuki Jomo Kenyatta KADU Kalenjin KANU KANU's Kenyan politics Kenyatta regime Kenyatta's death Kiambu Kibaki Kikuyu Kimani Kisii land leader leadership legitimacy Luhya major Martin Shikuku Matano Mau Mau Mbiyu Koinange Mboya Moi regime Moi's Mombasa multi-party Mungai murder Mwai Kibaki MwaKenya Nairobi National Assembly Ngei Nyayo Nyeri Oginga Odinga Oloitipitip one-party op.cit opposition organisations Parliament parliamentary politicians position Presidential problems Province radicals role ruling party Seroney Shikuku social struggle succession Tom Mboya utilised Vice-President Weekly Review
Page 10 - At this point we leave Africa never to mention it again. For it is no historical part of the world ; it has no movement or development to exhibit.
Page 8 - Pratt defines the contact zone as "the space of colonial encounters, the space in which peoples geographically and historically separated come into contact with each other and establish ongoing relations, usually involving conditions of coercion, radical inequality, and intractable conflict ... By using the term 'contact,' I aim to foreground the interactive, improvisational dimensions of colonial encounters.
Page 10 - What we properly understand by Africa, is the Unhistorical, Undeveloped Spirit, still involved in the conditions of mere nature and which had to be presented here only as on the threshold of the World's history...
Page 3 - My contention is that without examining Orientalism as a discourse one cannot possibly understand the enormously systematic discipline by which European culture was able to manage — and even produce — the Orient politically, sociologically, militarily, ideologically, scientifically, and imaginatively during the post-Enlightenment period.
Page 6 - The power to narrate, or to block other narratives from forming and emerging, is very important to culture and imperialism, and constitutes one of the main connections between them.
Page 7 - I suggested above, natural history asserted an urban, lettered, male authority over the whole of the planet; it elaborated a rationalizing, extractive, dissociative understanding which overlaid functional, experiential relations among people, plants, and animals. In these respects, it figures a certain kind of global hegemony, notably one based on possession of land and resources rather than control over routes. At the same time, in and of itself, the system of nature as a descriptive paradigm was...
Page 4 - Orientalism is premised upon exteriority, that is, on the fact that the Orientalist, poet or scholar, makes the Orient speak, describes the Orient, renders its mysteries plain for and to the West.
Page 3 - I doubt that it is controversial, for example, to say that an Englishman in India or Egypt in the later nineteenth century took an interest in those countries that was never far from their status in his mind as British colonies. To say this may seem quite different from saying that all academic knowledge about India and Egypt is somehow tinged and impressed with, violated by, the gross political fact - and yet that is what I am saying in this study of Orientalism.