The Rock Physics Handbook: Tools for Seismic Analysis of Porous Media
The Rock Physics Handbook addresses the relationships between geophysical observations and the underlying physical properties of rocks. It distills a vast quantity of background theory and laboratory results into a series of concise chapters that provide practical solutions to problems in geophysical data interpretation. This expanded second edition presents major new chapters on statistical rock physics and velocity-porosity-clay models for clastic sediments. Other new and expanded topics include anisotropic seismic signatures, borehole waves, models for fractured media, poroelastic models, and attenuation models. This new edition also provides an enhanced set of appendices with key empirical results, data tables, and an atlas of reservoir rock properties - extended to include carbonates, clays, gas hydrates, and heavy oils. Supported by a website hosting MATLABŪ routines for implementing the various rock physics formulas, this book is a vital resource for advanced students and university faculty, as well as petroleum industry geophysicists and engineers.
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angle anisotropic approximation aspect ratio assumed Assumptions and limitations attenuation bar and 25 Biot Biot’s borehole bulk and shear bulk modulus Castagna coefficient compliance compressibility coordination number cos2 crack critical porosity density dry rock effective moduli elastic constants elastic impedance elastic moduli ellipsoidal estimate expressions ﬂow ﬂuctuations frequency function Gassmann’s relations given grain group velocity Hashin—Shtrikman heterogeneous high-frequency homogeneous inclusions isotropic Kdry layer linear linear elastic low-frequency lower bounds material matrix medium mineral normal orthorhombic P-wave modulus P-wave velocity packing parameters permeability phase velocity plane Poisson ratio pore ﬂuid pore pressure pore space poroelastic porosity porous porous medium predicted propagation properties radius reﬂection Reuss average sample sand sandstones Section seismic shale shear modulus sin2 solid spheres spherical stiffness strain stress Synopsis tensor transversely isotropic ultrasonic velocity dispersion viscosity Voigt Voigt notation volume fractions VP km/s water-saturated wave wavelength wavenumber