CONGRATULATIONS TO HERBERT KROEMER, 2000 NOBEL LAUREATE FOR PHYSICS
For upper-division courses in thermodynamics or statistical mechanics, Kittel and Kroemer offers a modern approach to thermal physics that is based on the idea that all physical systems can be described in terms of their discrete quantum states, rather than drawing on 19th-century classical mechanics concepts.
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Entropy and Temperature
Boltzmann Distribution and Helmholtz Free Energy
Thermal Radiation and Planck Distribution
Chemical Potential and Gibbs Distribution
Fermi and Bose Gases 181
Appendix A Some Integrals Containing Exponentials
Appendix B Temperature Scales
Heat and Work
Gibbs Free Energy and Chemical Reactions
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absolute zero approximation assume average number Boltzmann bosons calculated called Carnot Chapter chemical potential classical regime composition condensation conduction band conduction electrons configuration Consider cooling curve defined denote derivative distribution function donor electrical electron concentration entropy equal equation eutectic Example expansion factor Fermi energy Fermi gas Fermi level fermion Figure flow flux density frequency gases Gibbs free energy Gibbs sum given ground orbital heat capacity Helmholtz free energy hydrogen ideal gas impurity increase integral interactions ionized isentropic isothermal kinetic energy limit liquid 3He low temperatures magnetic field mass mixture molecules monatomic negative number of atoms number of particles obtain occupancy oscillator p-n junction partition function phase diagram photons probability problem properties radiation ratio refrigerator reservoir result semiconductor Show solid solubility gap spin excess superconducting superfluid term thermal average thermal contact thermal equilibrium thermodynamic total number transfer transition unit valence band velocity volume Waals