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The fame editor, with fingular acuteness, urges his superiority over LINDLEY MURRAY becaufe, forsooth! he (the editor) is an “ perienced teacher.” Murray, he avers, “cannot be fo well'acquainted” &c. &c. It does not appear to have occurred to him that three equally, or perhaps more experienced teachers," as we have had occasion to see, totally differ from him, have altered the work for reasons directly oppofite, have all had perhaps quite as much of the fupport and “recommendations" of particular friends, and have all, no doubt, thought themselves entitled to receive as large a pecuniary compenfation for their “ improvements.”!!!
Ille" sinistrorfum, bic dextrorfum, unus utrique ERROR, sed variis illudit partibus omnes. : Hor. In consequence of the merits of the Grammar, as it came, in purity, from the pen of the author, about fifty thousand copies of the Abridgment, and thirty-five thousand of the Large Grammar, are fold annually. The former, in the short period of eleven years, has passed through twenty-one editions in England, and perhaps twice that number in America. The latter, fixteen editions in England, and twenty-eight in America. Murray's Grammar is adopted in nearly all the Colleges and other Seminaries of education, in both countries, as the STANDARD. Every English Critic and Reviewer, who has mentioned it, has represented it as the best extant. The celebrated Dr. Blair, and WALKER, the Lexicographer, (a very "experienced teacher") are among those who have the most warmly recommended it. Is it a light matter for American teachers to alter such a work? to Indeed the fact should not, in this place, be withheld from the public that the whole of the above mutilated editions have been seen and examined by LINDLEY MURRAY himself, and that they have met with his decided disapprobation. Every rational mind will agree with him, that “the rights of living authors, and the interests of Science and Literature demand the abolition of this ungenerous practice;" for surely it is not a small evil that an elementary work which has met with universal approbation, passed through twentyeight editions, been adopted as the standard in our Colleges, which has coft the author years of reflection to bring into system and order, and to make correct and harmonious in all its parts, should be deranged, mutilated and distorted by the crude and hafty variations and additions of an interested editor.
As some of the editors above alluded to, have endeavoured to justify themselves by asserting that even LINDLEY MURRAY approvcd of their different alterations, and have heaped on the advertisers nruch abuse for exposing their contradictions, &c. there shall be adduced at this time an extract of a letter from Lindley Murray, which will perhaps enduce them to be more cautious in charging C. & P. with « vindictive calumny” in future.
“ I am much indebted to Collins & Perkins for the neat and correct manner in which they reprint my publications; and for their care and exertions to exhibit the books AS THEY WERE PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR, and especially with his latest improvements. I shall make it a point to communicate to them, from time to time, and as carly as possible, copies of all the new and improved editions of the
books. It affords me a peculiar gratification to perceive, that my publications are so extensively diffused over my native country."
COLLINS, & PERKINS think it due to the author of this very valuable Grammar, as well as to the cause of literature in general, to make known that, although they are at all times enabled to supply the latest American cditions of the real Murray's Grammar, yet they are indisposed to monopolize the profits arising from the sale of a book, whose author would himself never receive any; and that they will therefore, with readinefs, as they have done heretofore, furnith the latest London editions, which they regularly receive from the author, to any respectable printers residing in other parts of the United States, who will only engage to print them handfomely and correctly.
The following is a list of COLLINS & PERKINS'S editions of Murray's works, with their prices at retail, and by the dozen.
bolesale Retail. per Doz.
Cents. Dols. Cts. 1. First Book for Children, from 4th Eng. edit. 9
75 2. "An English Spelling-Book,
25 3. 'An English Grammar,
75 7 50 4. Eng. Exercises to the Grammar, 12th do.
6 5. A Key to the English Exercises, loth do.
6 G"An Abridgment of the Grammar, 20th do.
25 7. Introduction to the Eng. Reader,
62 6 8. The English Reader,
9 9. Sequel to the English Reader, 2d do.
871-9 00 1o. Introduction au Lecteur François,
9 11. Lecteur François,
25 12 12. The Power of Religion on the Mind, 13th do. I 00
The Proprietors of Lindley Murray's works, think it is no small recommendation of them, that the whole of these valuable publications, from “ The First Book for Children,” to the “ Power of Religion on the Mind," may be properly confidered, as forming a little code of important elementary instruction. They are ftridly fubfervient to one another, and most intimately connected. Their peculiar and acknowledged excellence is, that in every part of them, the purest principles of piety and virtue, are happily blended with the elements of literature. They may, therefore, with the greatest confidence, be put into the hands of young persons, as books which (to use the language of a Reviewer respecting them) “ will eminently conduce to pure religion and morality, and co the acquisition of a correct and elegant Ayle."
The following are a few of the numerous recommen
dations of MURRAY'S GRAMMAR, which have appeared in the works of different Authors. Extracts from the Reviews will be seen at the end of the book. “ Mr. Murray's Grammar, and Selection of lessons for reading, are the best in the English language."
Walker's Elements of Elocution. Second edition. “ Since the first edition of our work, we have seen with pleasure an English Grammar-English Exercises—and a Key to the English Exercises, by Mr. Lindley Murray.”
Edgeworth's Practical Education. Second edition. « Murray's English Grammar. This is the most complete gram mar of our language. Our opinion is confirmed by that of the pub. lic, as this work now appears in the Fourteenth edition.
Kett's Elements of General Knowledge. Sixth edition. “ Murray's Grammar, together with the English Exercises and Key, have nearly superseded every thing else of the kind, by concentrating the remarks of the best authors on the subject. They are pieces of inestimable utility.”
Evan's Ejay on the Education of Youth. « The best English Grammar now extant, is that written by Mr. Lindley Murray; who by this publication, and by several others connected with it, and designed as auxiliaries to its principal purpose, has become entitled to the gratitude of every friend to English literature, and to true virtue.
Dr. Miller's Retrospect of the Eighteenth Century. “ By Grammar you have been taught the nature, power, and construction of the English language, and that, not in a superficial manner, but by the most comprehensive system now extant, the larger Grammar of Mr. Lindley Murray; in which the delicacies, refinements, and peculiarities of our language, are inculcated and exemplified.”_The unwearied exertions of this gentleman have done more towards elucidating the obscurities, and embellishing the structure, of our language, than any other writter on the subject. Such a work has long been_wanted; and, from the success with which it is executed, cannot be too highly appreciated.”
Dr. Abercrombie's Charges to the Senior Class of the
Philadelpbia Academy, -published 1804 and 1806. “ I need not acquaint the public, with the merit and success of Lindley Murray's Grammar; which seems to have fuperseded every other. Indeed, when we consider the plain fimple mode of instruction he has adopted; the extent of observation he has displayed; and the copious variety of illustration he has added; we shall not wonder, that this Grammar has been so universally applauded.”
Walker's Outlines of English Grammar.
2011 W ten the number and variety of English Graminiars already published, and the ability with which some of them are written; are considered, little can be expected from a new compilation, besides a careful selection of the most useful matter, and some degree of improvement in the mode of adapting it to the understanding, and the gradual progress of learners. In these respects something, perhaps, may yet be done, for the ease and: advantage of young persons.
IN books designed for the instruction of youth, there is a medium to be observed, between treating the subject in so extensive and minute a manner, as to embarrass and confuse their minds, by offering too much at once for their comprehension; and, on the other hand, conducting it by such short and general precepts and observations, as convey to them no clear and precise information. A distribution of the parts, which is either defective or irregular, has also a tendency to perplex the young understanding, and to retard its knowledge of the principles of literature. A distinct general view, or outline, of all the essential parts of the study in which they are engaged; a gradual and judicious supply of this outline; and a due arrangement of the divisions, according to their natural order and connexion, appear to be among the best means of enlightening the minds of youth, and of facilitating their acquisition of knowledge. The autlior of this work, at the same time that he has endeavoured to avoid a plan, which may be too concise or too extensive, defective in its parts or irregular in their disposition, has studied to render his subject sufficiently easy, intelligible, and comprehensive. He does not presume to have completely attained these objects. How far he has succeeded in the attempt, and wherein he has failed; must be referred to the determination of the judicious and candid reader.
The method which he has adopted, of exhibiting the performance in characters of different sizes, will, he trusts, be conducive to that gradual and regular procedure, which is so favourable to the business of instruction, The more important rules, definitions, and observations, and which are therefore the most proper to be committed to memory, are printed with a large type; whilst rules and remarks that are of less, consequence, that extend or diversify the general idea, or that serve as explanations, are contained in the smaller letter: these, or the chief of them, will be perused by the student to the greatest advantage, if postponed till the general system: be completed. The use of notes and observations, in the common and detached manner, at the bottom of the page, would not, it is imagined, be so likely to attrăct the perusal of youth, or admit of so ample and regular an illustration, as a continued and uniform order of the several subjects. In adopting this mode, care has been taken to adjust it so that the whole may be perused in a çonnected progress, or the part contained in the larger character read in order by itself. Many of the notes and observations are intended, not only to explain the subjects, and to illustrate them, by comparative views of the grammar of other languages, and of the various sentiments of English grammarians ;, but also to invite the ingenious student to inquiry and reflection, and to prompt to a more enlarged, critical, and philosophical research,
With respect to the definitions and rules, it may not be improper more particularly to observe, that in selecting and forming them, it has been the author's aim to render them as exact and comprehensive, and, at the same time, as intelligible to young minds, as the nature of the subject, and the difficulties attending it, would admit. He présumes that they are also calculated to be readily committed to memory, and easily retained. For this purpose, he has been solicitous to select terms that are smooth and voluble ; to proportion the members of the sentences to one another; to avoid protracted