The Religion of the Nabataeans: A Conspectus
The history of the Nabataean Kingdom of Hellenistic-Roman times, centred on Petra, is now well known, but until the publication of this book, no monograph has been devoted to Nabataean religion, known to us principally from inscriptions in Nabataean Aramaic, iconography, archaeology and Greek literary texts. After a critical survey of the sources, the author analyses systematically the information on the individual gods worshipped by the Nabataeans, including a detailed illustrated account of temples and iconography. A further major section discusses religious themes: aniconism, henotheism, death-cult and the divinisation of kings. In a final chapter, Nabataean religion is considered in relation to Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The book will be of particular interest to historians of religion in the Graeco-Roman Near East and to Semitic epigraphists.
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1st century adyton al-cUzza al-Kutba Allah Allat altar ancient aniconism appears Arabian Arabic Aramaic archaeological Aretas associated Atargatis Baalshamin betyl Bosra Cantineau cAvdat cAyn esh-Shallaleh century A.D. clear cObodat connected context cult Dalman dated A.D. dedicated deity Dijkstra divine name dkyr Drijvers Dushara epigraphic evidence Fahd Gaia Gawlikowski gods Hammond Hatra Hawran Healey Hegra high-place Hubal Ibn al-Kalbi iconography identified Iram ISBN 90 Isis Islam king Knauf Lihyanite Littmann Manat Manotu Merklein Nabataean inscriptions Nabataean religion Nabataean temple Negev niche Niehr noted Obodas Obodas III Palmyra Palmyrene Patrich personal names Petra Plate post-Nabataean pre-Islamic probably Qasr el-Bint temple Qaysha Rabel Rabel II refers religious world ritual Roman Ruda Safaitic Salkhad sanctuary Savignac Semitic Shayc-al-Qawm Sinai sources Sourdel statue stele Strabo Strugnell suggests Syria Tannur Teixidor temenos texts tion tomb inscriptions tradition trans triclinia triclinium Turkmaniyyeh Wadi Wenning Winged Lions worshipped Zayadine Zeus