## Physical Chemistry and Its Biological ApplicationsPhysical Chemistry and Its Biological Applications presents the basic principles of physical chemistry and shows how the methods of physical chemistry are being applied to increase understanding of living systems. Chapters 1 and 2 of the book discuss states of matter and solutions of nonelectrolytes. Chapters 3 to 5 examine laws in thermodynamics and solutions of electrolytes. Chapters 6 to 8 look at acid-base equilibria and the link between electromagnetic radiation and the structure of atoms. Chapters 9 to 11 cover different types of bonding, the rates of chemical reactions, and the process of adsorption. Chapters 12 to 14 present molecular aggregates, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and photochemistry, and radiation. This book is useful to biological scientists for self-study and reference. With modest additions of mathematical material by the teacher, the book should also be suitable for a full-year major's course in physical chemistry. |

### From inside the book

Results 1-5 of 93

Page viii

... in Isothermal Physical Processes 119 4-4 Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions 121 4-5 Dependence of Entropy on Temperature 122 4-6 Some Applications of the Entropy

... in Isothermal Physical Processes 119 4-4 Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions 121 4-5 Dependence of Entropy on Temperature 122 4-6 Some Applications of the Entropy

**Functions**; Entropy and Probability 123 4-7 The Free Energy**Function**... Page 14

A few of them have very high velocFigure 1-7 The probability that a molecular system has an energy in excess of the zero level as a

A few of them have very high velocFigure 1-7 The probability that a molecular system has an energy in excess of the zero level as a

**function**of that energy, according to the Boltzmann distribution for a single kind of energy. ities, ... Page 15

... is divided by the total number of molecules, which is the integral of the distribution

... is divided by the total number of molecules, which is the integral of the distribution

**function**over the same range: [wAuze—muz/ZkTCll-l \ 77m 77M 0 :l H 1-5 Most probable velocity Mean velocity /Ftoot-mean-squarevelocity 83 a g. Page 23

Several mathematical conditions apply at the critical point: (a) all three roots are equal, (b) the slope, or the first derivative of the

Several mathematical conditions apply at the critical point: (a) all three roots are equal, (b) the slope, or the first derivative of the

**function**, is zero, and (0) since the critical point is an inflection point, the second derivative ... Page 32

Hydrogen bonds play a very important role in the structure and

Hydrogen bonds play a very important role in the structure and

**function**of the components of living cells. Not only is the nature of water of critical significance in determining the nature of life processes, but also the structures of ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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### Contents

1 | |

51 | |

89 | |

SECOND LAW AND EQUILIBRIUM | 115 |

CHAPTER 5 SOLUTIONS OF ELECTROLYTES | 152 |

CHAPTER 6 ACIDBASE EQUILIBRIA | 181 |

CHAPTER 7 OXIDATIONREDUCTION EQUILIBRIA | 213 |

CHAPTER 8 ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION AND THE STRUCTURE OF ATOMS | 244 |

CHAPTER 10 KINETICS OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS | 338 |

CHAPTER 11 ADSORPTION AND SURFACE EFFECTS | 403 |

CHAPTER 12 MACROMOLECULES AND MOLECULAR AGGREGATES | 436 |

CHAPTER 13 MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY | 494 |

CHAPTER 14 PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND RADIATION CHEMISTRY | 536 |

Table of Symbols and Abbreviations | 581 |

Index | 583 |

CHAPTER 9 BONDING AND MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY | 288 |

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### Common terms and phrases

absorption acid activity adsorbed adsorption amino amount applied benzene bond Calculate carbon carboxyl cell chain charge Chem chemical chemical shift chloride coefﬁcient colligative properties complex components concentration corresponding curve deﬁned described diagram dissociation effect electric electrolyte electron energy change enthalpy entropy enzyme equal equation equilibrium constant example ﬁlm ﬁrst ﬂow force fraction free energy frequency function heat hydrogen atom hydrogen ion increase ionic ionization kcal kinetic liquid magnetic ﬁeld material measured membrane mixture molar mole mole fraction molecules nucleus occurs orbital osmotic pressure oxidation oxygen particles phase polar potential protein proton quantum number radiation rate constant ratio reactant reaction resonance rotation sample shown in Figure signiﬁcant sodium solid solubility solvent species speciﬁc spectra spectrum spin structure substrate sucrose surface tension temperature tion titration transition triplet vapor pressure velocity vibrational volume wave wavelength zero