## Optical PhysicsOptical science, the science that studies the nature of light, can be approached from several different angles. In this third edition of a successful and well-established text, the author focuses on physical and geometrical optics. The text is based largely on Fourier analysis and shows how this method can be used to describe wave propagation and diffraction and their applications to imaging, microscopy, X-ray crystallography, radio-astronomy, and communication. Several new sections have been added, including discussions of super-resolved imaging (near field and confocal microscopy), phase-retrieval in optical and X-ray diffraction, phase-conjugate imaging, astronomical speckle masking, and squeezed-light interferometry. Throughout, the subject matter is developed by a combination of unsophisticated mathematics and physical intuition. The very broad range of subjects treated, together with the inclusion of many problems and over 300 diagrams and photographs, will make the book of great use to undergraduate and graduate students of physics, and to anyone working in the field of optical science. |

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### Contents

IV | 1 |

V | 2 |

VI | 5 |

VII | 6 |

VIII | 7 |

IX | 9 |

X | 13 |

XI | 15 |

LV | 168 |

LVI | 173 |

LVII | 176 |

LVIII | 178 |

LIX | 190 |

LX | 201 |

LXI | 210 |

LXII | 212 |

XII | 16 |

XIII | 19 |

XIV | 21 |

XV | 23 |

XVI | 25 |

XVII | 27 |

XVIII | 31 |

XIX | 33 |

XX | 37 |

XXI | 38 |

XXII | 39 |

XXIII | 43 |

XXIV | 48 |

XXV | 52 |

XXVI | 54 |

XXVII | 60 |

XXVIII | 64 |

XXIX | 67 |

XXX | 71 |

XXXI | 72 |

XXXII | 74 |

XXXIII | 79 |

XXXIV | 89 |

XXXV | 91 |

XXXVI | 95 |

XXXVII | 99 |

XXXVIII | 102 |

XXXIX | 103 |

XL | 106 |

XLI | 110 |

XLII | 117 |

XLIII | 123 |

XLIV | 124 |

XLV | 127 |

XLVI | 129 |

XLVII | 132 |

XLVIII | 133 |

XLIX | 142 |

L | 145 |

LI | 148 |

LII | 152 |

LIII | 153 |

LIV | 164 |

LXIII | 220 |

LXIV | 223 |

LXV | 232 |

LXVI | 243 |

LXVII | 248 |

LXVIII | 258 |

LXIX | 263 |

LXX | 272 |

LXXI | 280 |

LXXII | 290 |

LXXIII | 291 |

LXXIV | 297 |

LXXV | 300 |

LXXVI | 304 |

LXXVII | 305 |

LXXVIII | 311 |

LXXIX | 317 |

LXXX | 321 |

LXXXI | 327 |

LXXXII | 337 |

LXXXIII | 345 |

LXXXIV | 358 |

LXXXV | 363 |

LXXXVI | 373 |

LXXXVII | 377 |

LXXXVIII | 383 |

LXXXIX | 385 |

XC | 388 |

XCI | 397 |

XCII | 399 |

XCIII | 407 |

XCIV | 413 |

XCV | 419 |

XCVI | 425 |

XCVII | 430 |

XCVIII | 434 |

XCIX | 435 |

C | 443 |

CI | 465 |

CII | 469 |

476 | |

483 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

amplitude angle aperture applied assume atom axis beam becomes calculate called centre Chapter coherence complex consider constant construction crystal defined described detail difference diffraction pattern dimensions direction discussed distance effect electron energy equal equation example fibre field Figure focal follows Fourier transform frequency fringes function given gives grating idea illumination illustrated important incident integral intensity interference interferometer laser lattice length lens light limit means measured medium method microscope mirror modes normal object observed occurs optical origin parallel particular periodic phase photons physical plane plate polarization position possible principle problem produced propagation quantum mechanics radiation rays reflected reflexion refractive index region represented resolution resonator result scattering separation shown in Fig shows single slit solution space surface theory transform unit usually vector wave wavelength zero