## Optical PhysicsOptical science, the science that studies the nature of light, can be approached from several different angles. In this third edition of a successful and well-established text, the author focuses on physical and geometrical optics. The text is based largely on Fourier analysis and shows how this method can be used to describe wave propagation and diffraction and their applications to imaging, microscopy, X-ray crystallography, radio-astronomy, and communication. Several new sections have been added, including discussions of super-resolved imaging (near field and confocal microscopy), phase-retrieval in optical and X-ray diffraction, phase-conjugate imaging, astronomical speckle masking, and squeezed-light interferometry. Throughout, the subject matter is developed by a combination of unsophisticated mathematics and physical intuition. The very broad range of subjects treated, together with the inclusion of many problems and over 300 diagrams and photographs, will make the book of great use to undergraduate and graduate students of physics, and to anyone working in the field of optical science. |

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### Contents

IV | 1 |

V | 2 |

VI | 5 |

VII | 6 |

VIII | 7 |

IX | 9 |

X | 13 |

XI | 15 |

LV | 168 |

LVI | 173 |

LVII | 176 |

LVIII | 178 |

LIX | 190 |

LX | 201 |

LXI | 210 |

LXII | 212 |

XII | 16 |

XIII | 19 |

XIV | 21 |

XV | 23 |

XVI | 25 |

XVII | 27 |

XVIII | 31 |

XIX | 33 |

XX | 37 |

XXI | 38 |

XXII | 39 |

XXIII | 43 |

XXIV | 48 |

XXV | 52 |

XXVI | 54 |

XXVII | 60 |

XXVIII | 64 |

XXIX | 67 |

XXX | 71 |

XXXI | 72 |

XXXII | 74 |

XXXIII | 79 |

XXXIV | 89 |

XXXV | 91 |

XXXVI | 95 |

XXXVII | 99 |

XXXVIII | 102 |

XXXIX | 103 |

XL | 106 |

XLI | 110 |

XLII | 117 |

XLIII | 123 |

XLIV | 124 |

XLV | 127 |

XLVI | 129 |

XLVII | 132 |

XLVIII | 133 |

XLIX | 142 |

L | 145 |

LI | 148 |

LII | 152 |

LIII | 153 |

LIV | 164 |

LXIII | 220 |

LXIV | 223 |

LXV | 232 |

LXVI | 243 |

LXVII | 248 |

LXVIII | 258 |

LXIX | 263 |

LXX | 272 |

LXXI | 280 |

LXXII | 290 |

LXXIII | 291 |

LXXIV | 297 |

LXXV | 300 |

LXXVI | 304 |

LXXVII | 305 |

LXXVIII | 311 |

LXXIX | 317 |

LXXX | 321 |

LXXXI | 327 |

LXXXII | 337 |

LXXXIII | 345 |

LXXXIV | 358 |

LXXXV | 363 |

LXXXVI | 373 |

LXXXVII | 377 |

LXXXVIII | 383 |

LXXXIX | 385 |

XC | 388 |

XCI | 397 |

XCII | 399 |

XCIII | 407 |

XCIV | 413 |

XCV | 419 |

XCVI | 425 |

XCVII | 430 |

XCVIII | 434 |

XCIX | 435 |

C | 443 |

CI | 465 |

CII | 469 |

476 | |

483 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

aberrations amplitude angle angular aperture applied atom axis beam beam-splitter calculate centre coherence complex component construction convolution crystal defined diffraction grating dimensions direction discussed distance effect electromagnetic electron emitted energy example Fermat's principle fibre field Figure filter fluctuations focal length Fourier transform Fraunhofer diffraction frequency Fresnel Fresnel diffraction fringes function Gaussian geometrical geometrical optics illumination incident incoherent integral intensity interference pattern interferometer laser lens lenses light limit mask measured medium Michelson microscope mirror modes normal object observed optical oscillating parallel phase difference photons pinholes plate point source point spread function polarization population inversion position problem propagation quantum radiation radius rays reciprocal lattice reflexion coefficient refractive index region represented resolution resonator result scattering shown in Fig shows slit Snell's law solution spatial spherical surface theorem theory thin lens transmission vector velocity wave equation wave-group wave-vector wavefront wavelength X-ray zero