The Politics of Immorality in Ancient Rome
The decadence and depravity of the ancient Romans are a commonplace of serious history, popular novels and spectacular films. This book is concerned not with the question of how immoral the ancient Romans were but why the literature they produced is so preoccupied with immorality. The modern image of immoral Rome derives from ancient accounts which are largely critical rather than celebratory. Upper-class Romans habitually accused one another of the most lurid sexual and sumptuary improprieties. Historians and moralists lamented the vices of their contemporaries and mourned for the virtues of a vanished age. Far from being empty commonplaces these assertions constituted a powerful discourse through which Romans negotiated conflicts and tensions in their social and political order. This study proceeds by a detailed examination of a wide range of ancient texts (all of which are translated) exploring the dynamics of their rhetoric, as well as the ends to which they were deployed. Roman moralising discourse, the author suggests, may be seen as especially concerned with the articulation of anxieties about gender, social status and political power. Individual chapters focus on adultery, effeminacy, the immorality of the Roman theatre, luxurious buildings and the dangers of pleasure. This book should appeal to students and scholars of classical literature and ancient history. It will also attract anthropologists and social and cultural historians.
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accusations of effeminacy actors adultery alleged ancient Rome Antony argues aristocratic associated attacks on luxurious Augustan Augustus Caesar Caligula Cato century BCE chapter Cicero citizens claim Clodius concerned contrast culture discussion domus domus aurea e.g. Cic effeminacy effeminate elder Pliny emperor emphasises equestrian extravagance female forthcoming Greek homosexual honour husband immorality imply invective Julius Caesar Juvenal late republic legislation lex lulia licence literary Livy London Lucullus ludi luxurious building magistrates male Mart mollitia moral Nero Ovid Oxford Papinian particular plays pleasure Plut political pomerium preoccupation principate prodigal prostitutes quam Rawson republican rhetorical Richlin role Roman elite Roman moralists Roman texts Rome's Ronald Syme Sallust second century seems seen senate senatorial Seneca sensual sesterces sexual behaviour slaves social status Suet Suetonius suggests Tacitus theatre Ulpian Valerius Maximus Veyne villa virtue wealth women writing younger Seneca
Unheroic Conduct: The Rise of Heterosexuality and the Invention of the ...
Limited preview - 1997
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