Spanish/English Codeswitching in a Written Corpus
Spanish/English codeswitching in published work represents a claim to the right to participate in the marketplace on a bilingual and not just monolingual basis. This book offers a syntactic and sociolinguistic analysis of the codeswitching in a corpus of thirty texts: novels and short stories published in the United States by twenty-four authors between 1970-2000. An application of the Matrix Language Frame model shows that written codeswitching follows for the most part the same syntactic patterns as its spoken counterpart. The reasons why some written codeswitching is considered to be artificial or inauthentic are examined. An overview of written codeswitching research is given, including titles of many texts in addition to the corpus that contain codeswitching between diverse languages. The book concludes with a look at how codeswitching is used by writers to attain their objectives, and what the implications may be for the relative positions of Spanish, English, and Spanish/English codeswitching in the United States.
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analysis bilingual borrowing Calo Chapter characters Chicano Chicano poetry choice cites classiﬁed complementizer constituents constraints content morphemes contextual translation corpus texts dialect discourse function discourse markers discussed English espaﬁol example ﬁction ﬁnal ﬁnds ﬁrst forms Giannina Braschi guage Gumperz independent clauses inﬂected intrasentential codeswitching Iosť island italics added Latino lexemes linguistic literature Markedness matrix language metalinguistic references Mexican MLF model monolingual monolingual reader morpheme order Myers-Scotton Myers-Scotton 1993a Nahuatl narrator NECT NEEQ NEFG NEGK NEPT Nicholasa Mohr novels NSGB NSMC NSRH oral codeswitching phonological poetry Poplack Press Puerto del Sol Puerto Rican referential reﬂect San Iose Mercury second language sentence set phrases signiﬁcant single nouns situations sociolinguistic Spanglish Spanish and English Spanish language Spanish/English codeswitching speak Spanish speakers speciﬁc speech Spidertown switching syntactic system morphemes tabulation Telemundo thematic content tokens unmarked variety verb vocatives writing written codeswitching York