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TO THE NINTH EDITION.

THE eighth edition of this grammar received considerable alterations and additions : but work: of this nature admit of repeated improvements; and are, perhaps, never complete. The author, solicitous to render his book more worthy of the encoll : raging approbation bestowed on it by the public, h again revised the work with care and attention. The new edition, he hopes will be found much improved. : Thu miditions, which are very considerable, are chiefly, such as are calculated, to expand the learn. er's views of the subject; to obviate objections ; and to render the study of grammar both easy and inte

inter esting. This edition contains also a new and enlarg. ed system of parsing; copious lists of nouns arrang ed according to their gender and number; and many notes and observations, which serve to extend, or 10 explain, particular rules and positions.*:

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The writer is sensible that, after all his endea ouro to elucidate the principles of the work, there are tew of the divisions, arrangements, dehus, or rules, against which critical ingenuity camo devise plausible objections. The subject is attended with: so much intricacy, and admits of views so various, that it was not possible to render every part of ic unexceptionable ; or to accommodate the work, in all

* The author conceives that the occasional stickers, dispersed through the book; and intended to illustrate and up port a number of important grammatical points, will not, to young persons of ingenuity, appear to be try and useless dis

He is persuaded that, hy such persons, they will be read with attention. And he preurged that these strictures with gratify their curiosity, stimulate application, and give sai. ity and permanence to their grautatical isocrlerlemes

CUSSION 3.

respects, to the opinions and prepossessions of every grammarian and teacher. If the author has adoptcd that system which, on the whole, is best suited to the nature of the subject, and conformable to the sentiments of the most judicious grammarians ; if his reasonings and illustrations, respecting particuhar points, are founded on just principles, and the peculiaritics of the English language; he has, perhaps, done all that could reasonably be expected in a work of this nature ; and he may warrantably indulge a hope, that the book will be still more extens sively approved and circulated.

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NGLISH GRAMMAR is the art of speaking and writing the English language with propriety.

It is divided into four parts, viz. ORTHOGRAPHY, STIMOLOGY, SINTAX;

and PROSODY

This division may be rendered more intelligibletognung minds, by observing, in other words, that Grammartieais first, of the form and sound of the letters, the combinution or letters into syllables, and syllables into words; secon: of the different sorts of words, their various modifications, and their derivation; thirdly, of the union and right or ka of words in the formation of a sentence ; and iastly, of time jusi pronunciation, and poetical construction of sentences.

PART I.

ORTHOGRAPHY,

CHAPTER I.

OF THE LETTERS.

SECTION 1.--f the Nature of the Lellers, and of a per

fect Alphabet. An articulate sound, is the sound of the huovast voice, formed by the organs of speech.

Orthography teaches the pature and rovers le ters, and the just method of spellings woris,

A letter is the first principle, or ivast part of:. tord.

The Letters of the English language, called the Brglish Alphabet, are twenty-six in number.

The following is a list of the Roman, Italic), and Old

English Characters. Roman. Italicki

Old English.

Nanie.
Cap. Small,
Cap. Small
Cap. Small.

ai

bee C C C

see

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A perfect alphabet of the English language, and, inccd, of every other language, would contain a number of letters, precisely equal to the number of simple articho. late sounds belonging to the language. Every simple gourd would have its distinct character; and that charac ter be the representative of no other sound. But this is far from being the state of the English Alphabet. It h23 more original sounds than distinct significant letters ; and, consequently, some of these letters are made to represents not one sound alone, buí several sounds. This will appear by reflecting, that the sounds signified by the united letters ik, sh, h, ale elementary, and have no single appropriate characters, in our alphabet ; and that the letters and 1 represent die different sounds heard in bat, butes kaili ad in but, buil, male.

To explain this subject more fully to the learners, mit shriii set down the characters made use of to represent al the elementary articulate sounds of our language, as ness ly in the manner and order of the present English a:02. bet, as the design of the subject will admit; and I anuex to each character the syllable or word, inicio tains its proper and distinct sound. And here it ). ** propor to begin with the vowels. Lecters denoting the

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By this list it appears, that there are stig 1 isolf 11.15 e f urreen simple vowel sounds : oui as i z duen :inne, may be considered as diterus

diphthongal sovvediyo'lT 4?rzaagestrictly peabi

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