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Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I had been.

1. We had been. 2. Thou hadst been. 2. Ye or you had been. 3. He had been.

3. They had been.

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First Future Tense. Singular.

Plural. 1. I shall or will be,

1. We shall or will be. 2. Thou shalt or wilt be. 2. Ye or you shall or will be 3. He shall or will be. 3. They shall or will be.

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Second Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. ). I shall have been. 1. We shall have been. 2. Thou wilt have been. 2. Ye or you will have bee a 3. He will have been. 3. They will have been.

Imperative Mood.
Singular.

Plural. 1. Let me be.

1. Let us be. 2. Be thou or do thou be. 2. Be ye or you, or do ye be 3. Let him be.

3. Let them be.

Potential Mood.

Present Tense.'
Singular.

Plural. 1. I may or can be.

1. We may or can be. 2. Thou maystor canst be. 2. Ye or you may or can be. 3. He may or can be. 3. They may or can be.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural 1. I might, could, would, or 1. We might, could, would, should be.

or should be. 2. Thou mightst, couldst, 2. Ye or you might, could,

wouldst, or shouldst be. would, or should be. 3. He night, could, would, 3. They might could, would. or should be.

or should be.

Perfect Tense. Singular,

Plural. 1. I may or can have been. 1. We mayor can have been 2. Thou maystor canst have 2. Ye or you may or been.

have been. 3. He may or can have 3. They may or can have been

been.

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Pluperfect Tense. Singular.

Plural. 1. I might, could, would, or 1. We might, could, would, should have been.

or should have been.. 2. Thou mightst, couldst, 2. Ye or you might, could,

wouldst, or shouldst have would, or should have been.

been. 3. He might, could, would, 3. They might could, would, or should have been.

or should have beea,

Singular. 1. If I be. 2. If thou be. 3. If he be.

Subjunctive Mood.
Present Tense.

Plural.
1. If we be.
2. If
f ye of you

be.
3. If they be.

Inperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. If I were.

1. If we were. 2. If thou wert.

2. If ye or you were. 3. If he were.

3. If they were. The remaining tenses of this mood are, in general, simi lar to the correspondent tenses of the Indicative mood See pages 82, 94, 95, and the notës under the nine teenth rule of Syntax.

Infinitive Mood. Present Tense. To be. Perfect. To have been

Participles. Present. Being.

Perfect. Been. Compound Perfect. Having been.

SECTION 7. Ine Auxiliary Verbs conjugated in their sum

ple form; with observations on their peculiur nature and force. The learner will perceive that the preceding auxiliary verbs, to have and to be, could not be conjngated through all the moods and tenses, without the help of other auxiliary verbs; namely,, may, can, will, shall, and their variations. That auxiliary verbs, in their simple state, and unassisted by others, are of a very limited extent; and that they are chiefly useful, in the aid which they afford in conjugating the principal verbs; will clearly appear to the scholar, by a distinct conjugation of each of them, uncombined with any other. They are exhibited for his inspectiou ; not to be committed to memory.

TO HAVE.

Present Tense. Sing. 1. I have. 2. Thou hast. 3. He hath or has Plur. 1. We have. 2. Ye or you have. 3. They have.

Imperfect Tense.
Sing. 1. I had. 2. Thou hadst. 3. He had.
Plur. 1. We had. 2. Ye or you had. 3. They had.
Perfect. I have had, &c. Pluperfect. I had had, &c.

Participles.
Present. Having

Perfect. Had.

3. He is.

TO BE.

Present Tense
Sing. 1. I am. 2. Thou art.
Plur. 1. We are. 2. Ye or you are. 3. They are.

Imperfect Tense.
Sing. 1. I was. 2. Thou wast. 3. He was.
Plur. 1. We were. 2. Ye or you were. 3. They were.

Participles.
Present. Being.

Perfect. Been.

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SHALL.

Present Tense.
Ging. 1. I shall.* 2. Thou shalt. 3. He shall.
Plur. 1. We shall. 2. Ye or you shall.3. They shall.

Imperfect Tense.
Söng. 1. I should. 2. Thou shouldst. 3. He should.
Plur. 1. We should. 2. Ye or you should. 3. They should.

WILL.

Present Tense.
Sing. 1. I will. 2. Thou wilt. 3. He will
Plur. 1. We will. 2. Ye or you will. 3. They will.

Imperfect Tense. sing. 1.. I would. 2. Thou wouldst. 3. He would. Plur. l. We would: 2. Ye or you would. 3. They would.

3. He may

MAY.

Present Tense.
Sing. 1. I may 2. Thou mayst.
Plur. 1. We may. 2. Ye or you may. 3. They may.
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Imperfect Tense.
Sing. 1. I might. 2. Thou mightst. 3. He might.
Plur. 1. We might. 2. Ye or you might. 3. They might.

CAN.
Present Tense.
2. Thou canst. 3. He cap.
2. Ye or you can. 3. They can.

I can.

Sing
Plur. 1. We can.

Imperfect Tense.
Sing. 1. I could. 2. Thou couldst. 3. He could.
Plur. 1. We could. 2. Ye or you could. 3. They could.

Shall is here properly used in the present tense, having the same analogy to should that can bas to could, may to mighl, and will to rould.

TO DO.

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Present Tense.
Sing. 1. I do.

2. Thou dost. 3. He doth or does
Plur. 1. We do.

2. Ye or you do. 3. They do.

Imperfect Tense.
Sing. 1. I did.

2. Thou didst. 3. He did.
Plur. 1. We did. 2. Ye or you did. 3. They did.

Participles.
Present. Doing

Perfect. Done.
The verbs have, be, will, and do, when they are uncon-
Dected with a principal verb, expressed or understood,
are not auxiliaries, but principal verbs: as, “ We have
enough;" “ I am grateful;" 6. He wills it to be so ;)
" They do as they please.” In this view, they also have
their auxiliaries : as, “ I shall have enough ;"

" I will be
grateful," &c.

The peculiar force of the several auxiliaries will appear from the following account of them.

Do and did mark the action itself, or the time of it, with greater energy and positiveness: as, "I do speak truth;" "I did respect him ; 5.“ Here am 1, for thou didst call me.' They are of great use in negative sentences : as, “I do not fear;":“ I did not write." They are almost universally employed in asking questions : as, Does he learn ?" Did he not write ?" They sometimes also supply the place of another verb, and make the repetition of it, in the same, or a subsequent sentence, unnecessary: as, " You attend not to your studies as he does ;"? (i. e. as he attends, &c.) “I shall come if I can; but if I do not, please to excuse me;" (i. e. if I come not.)

Let not only expresses permission, but entreating, ex.
horting, commanding : as, “Let us kcow the truth;??
“Let me die the death of the righteous;" “ Let not thy
heart be too much elated with success ;' “ Let thy in..
clmation submit to thy duty.”

May and might express the possibility or liberty of doing
a thing ; can and could, the power: as, “It may rain ;
may write or read;" “ He wight have improved more

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