The Story of the Human Body: Evolution, Health, and Disease
In this landmark book of popular science, Daniel E. Lieberman—chair of the department of human evolutionary biology at Harvard University and a leader in the field—gives us a lucid and engaging account of how the human body evolved over millions of years, even as it shows how the increasing disparity between the jumble of adaptations in our Stone Age bodies and advancements in the modern world is occasioning this paradox: greater longevity but increased chronic disease.
The Story of the Human Body brilliantly illuminates as never before the major transformations that contributed key adaptations to the body: the rise of bipedalism; the shift to a non-fruit-based diet; the advent of hunting and gathering, leading to our superlative endurance athleticism; the development of a very large brain; and the incipience of cultural proficiencies. Lieberman also elucidates how cultural evolution differs from biological evolution, and how our bodies were further transformed during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions.
While these ongoing changes have brought about many benefits, they have also created conditions to which our bodies are not entirely adapted, Lieberman argues, resulting in the growing incidence of obesity and new but avoidable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. Lieberman proposes that many of these chronic illnesses persist and in some cases are intensifying because of “dysevolution,” a pernicious dynamic whereby only the symptoms rather than the causes of these maladies are treated. And finally—provocatively—he advocates the use of evolutionary information to help nudge, push, and sometimes even compel us to create a more salubrious environment.
(With charts and line drawings throughout.)
What people are saying - Write a review
LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - dickmanikowski - LibraryThing
"Like it or not, we are slightly fat, furless, bipedal primates who crave sugar, fat, salt, and starch, but we are still adapted to eating a diverse diet of fibrous fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds ... Read full review
LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - madcurrin - LibraryThing
You could chop this book in half and you'd have two quite different volumes, each totally interesting in its own right. The first part is a comprehensive journey through human evolution. It explores ... Read full review
3 Much Depends on Dinner
4 The First HunterGatherers
Energy in the Ice
6A Very Cultured Species
Progress Mismatch and Dysevolution
8 Paradise Lost?
The Vicious Circle of Too Much
12The Hidden Dangers of Novelty and Comfort
Survival of the Fitter
A Note About the Author
9 Modern Times Modern Bodies