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acquisition. In the first period, which they consider as particularly devoted to developing the fuculties and forming the habits of the mind, in order to prepare it as an instrument for future operations, they employ the inductive process chiefly. Time is not here of so much importance as the habit of investigation and effort, which can only be acquired by meeting and overcoming difficulties. This period, which must be made longer or shorter according to the character of the pupil, or the necessity that his circumstances in life may

in. pose, is succeeded by the period of acquisition, in which the mind is more especially called upon to exercise the powers which have been previously developed and cultivated, in the acquisition of such positive knowledge as muy prepare the individual for life and action. The inductive process is still employed as much as possible, not only be cause it has become, for many cases, the shortest and most agrecable. but because it is important to maintain the habits it has produced, and invigorate the faculties it has served to develope.

“But still it is far less employed than previously, and the pupil is never suffered to waste his time in attempting to create a science for himself, and thus deprived of the benefit of the experience of sages and centuries.

On the contrary, they deem his mind capable of being elevated even more rapidly by following the processes of patient investigation, by which the inost exalted minds have arrived at results that astonish and celight him, and of thus learning to imitate strides, which seem to him like those of a giant, and to culiivate those habits of untiring attention, which the greatest philosophers have declared to be the principal source of that telescopic glance, that almost unerring power of discrimination, which seems to others so nearly miraculous.

“Such is the Productive System, by which the powers of the pupil are called into complete exercise by requiring him to atteinpt å task unaided, and then assisting him in correcting his own errors, or returning from his own wanderings, before he is discouraged by the waste of time and the fruitlessness of his efforts. They distinguish carefully between knowledge and the means of obtaining it. To cultivate the senses, and present the objects which they are capable of examining, is to open to the child the sources of knowledge to place before him a book which is ever open, and in which he may every moment read. This, they maintain, is the first and most obvious part of education, according to the dictates of common sense. It is one in which nothing but truth is presented to him, and which by calling his powers into constant exercise, ensures their improve ment, and cultivates a spirit of investigation.”

The preceding extracts are taken from Art. 1. Vol. I No. VI. of the American Journal of Education, New Series The author avails himself of this opportunity to express his obligations to the conductors of this valuable periodical. A constant perusal of its pages has afforded him many valuable ideas on the subject of education, and he cheerfully ac knowledges material assistance derived from it in the preparation of the 66 · Productive System of English Grammar,” which is now respectfully submitted to the candid examination of the public.

THE AUTHOR.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

I. OF THE NOUN.

Q. What is your name? 1 What is the name of the town m which you live ? Q. What does the word noun inean ? Ans. The word noun means name. Q. What, then, may your name be called ? 1. A NOUN. Q. What may all names be called ? 2. Nouns. Q. Boston is the name of a place : is Boston a noun ? and if so, why ? 3. Boston is a noun, because it is a name. Q. Hudson is the name of a river: is Hudson a noun, and why? Q. Book is the name of something to read in: is book a noun, and why? Q. Will you now inform ine what a noun is ? 4. A noun is the name of any person, place, or thing

Q. Will you mention two nouns the names of persons ? two, the names of things ? two, the names of different places ?

Q. Will you tell me which words are the nouns in the following sentences, as I read thein 10 you ?

“ Thomas and Joseph are in the house.” « The horse and cow are in the lot.' “ The hawk and the eagle have flown to the mountain." Trees, corn, potatoes and apples grow in the fields."

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II. NUMBER.

Q. What is the meaning of the word number; as, « The number of liut. lous on your coat" ?

5. Number means a sum that may be counted. Q. What does the word singular mean? 6. It means onc. Q. When, then, I speak of one thing only, as chair, what number is it? 7. Singular number. Q. What, then, does the singular number of nouns denote ? 8. The singular number denotes but one thing.

Q. Of what number is book, and why? 9. Book is of the singulai number, because it means

but one.

Q. Of what number is chair, and why?
Q. What does the word plural mean?
10. It means more than one.
Q. Of what number is lumps, and why?

11. Lamps is of the plural number, because it means more than one.

Q. Of what number is ink stanu, and why ?

Q. By adding s to dore, we have doves, and es to box, we have bo.res. How, then, is the plural number of nouns usually formed ?

12. By adding s or es to the singular.

Q. Will you spell the plural of onruce? glass ? window? theatre? antecedert? church? luhjrinth?

Q. How many numbers do nouns appear to have, and what are they ? 13. Two, the singular and plural.

Q. Will you name a noun of the singular number? one of the plural nuinber?

III. GENDER.

Q. What does the word gender mean? 14. Gender signifies ser. Q. What does the wori musculine mean? 15. It means male. Q. John is the name of a male: of what gender or sex, then, is John ? 16. Of the masculine or male gender. Q. What nouns, then, are said to be of the masculine gender ? 17. The names of males. Q. What gender, then, is mun, and why?

18. Man is of the masculine gender, because it is the name of a male.

Q. Of what gender is uncle, and why? futher? why?
Q. What does feminine mean?
19. It means female.
Q. Susan is the name of a female : of what gender, then, is Susan?
20. Of the feminine gender.
Q. What nouns, then, are said to be of the feminine gender ?
21. The names of females.
Q. What gender is woman, and why ?

22. Woman is of the feminine gender, because it is the name of a ale.

Q. Of what gender is aunt, and why ? daughter? why?
Q. What does the word nenter inean?
23. It means neither.

Q. Chuir is the name neither of a male nor a female : what gender, then, may it properly be called ?

24. Neuter gender.
Q. What nouns, then, may be said to be of the neuter gender ?

25. The names of objects that are neither males nor females.

Q Of what gender is inkstund, and why? 26. Neuter gender, because it is the name neitlier of a male nor female.

Q. Of what gender is bench? why? chuir? why?

Q. Parent, you know, is the name either of failer or mother, that is, it is a naine common 10 both : of what gender, tien, shall we call such nouns as parent, bird. &c. ?

27. Cominon gender.
Q. What nouns, then, may be said to be of tlic common gender ?

28. The names of such animals as may be either males or feniales.

Q. Of what gexder is sheep, and why?

29. Sheep is of the common gender, because it is the name either of a male or female.

Q. Of what gender is robin, and why?
Q. Ilow many genders do nouns appear to have, and what are they?

30. Four-the masculine, the feminine, the neuter, and the common.

Q. Will you name a noun of the masculine gender? one of the feininine ? one of the neuter ? one of the common ?

Q. Will you name the gender and number of each noun in the following soutences,

as I read them to you? " James and Williamı.' - Slate and pencil.” - John and the girls.” “ Women and birds."

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IV. PROPER AND COMMON NOUNS.

Q. What is the meaning of the word common; as, “A common complaint? 31. Common means general.

Q. Although there are a vast many male children in the world, each one nay be called by the general name of boy: what kind of a noun, then, would vou call boy?

32. A common noun.
Q. When, then, is a noun called common ?
33. When it is a general name.
Q. What does the word proper mca: ?
34. It means fit or particular.

Q. John, you know, is the particular name of a loy: what kind of a noun thon, may it be called ?

35. A proper noun.
Q. When, then, inay a noun be called proper ?
36. When it is a particular name.
Q. What kind of a noun is Susai, and why?

37. Susan is a proper noun, because it is a particu lar rame.

Q What kind of a noun is John, and why?

Q. What kind of a noun is rirer, and why?

39. River is a common noun, because it is a general name.

Q. How many kinds of nouns do there appear to be, and what are they?

Q. What kind of a noun is girls ? Mary? town? New York ? London? boat? chain ?

Q. Will you now tell me which words are the nouns in the following sen. tences ; whico are proper, and which common; also their gender and number?

“'Thomas and John." "King and queen. - Susan and Mary.” · House and barn."

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Q. When a person, in speaking, says, “I, John, will do it," what person do grammaria.is call John?

39. The first person. Q. When, then, is a noun of the first persou 40. When it is the name of the person speaking:

Q. When I say, “ James, mind your studies," what person do grammarians call James ?

41. The second person, being the person spoken to. Q. When, then, is a noun of 'he second persóu ?

42. When it is the name of the person spoken to, or addressed.

Q.“ William, James has come.” What person is William, and why?

43. Of the second person, because William is spoken to. Q. When I say,

“ William, James has come,” I am speaking to William about James : of what person, then, is James, and why?

44. Of the third person, because James was spoken of; that is, I was talking about James.

Q. When, then, is a noun of the third person ? 45. When it is spoken of.

R.“ Thomas, Rufus is in the garden." What person is Thomas ? why? Is Rufus ? why?

Q. How many persons do nouns appear to have, and what are they? 46. Three persons—the first, second, and third.

Q. Will you inforin me which of the following nouns are proper, which commun; also their gender, number, and person?

I, James, of Boston.” "Boy and girl.” “ Henry, study your book.” « William and his sister."

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Q. We say of an animal, for instance a horse, when he is fat, that “He is m a gond case”; and, when he is lean, that “ He is in a bad case" : what, therefore, does the word case mean?

47. Case means condition, state, &c.

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