Handbook of HIV Prevention

Front Cover
John L. Peterson, Ralph J. DiClemente
Taylor & Francis, Feb 29, 2000 - Medical - 337 pages
In the nearly two decades since the HIV pandemic began, the rapid expansion of behavioral research on HIV prevention has prompted a crucial need for a sourcebook more advanced than an introductory textbook and broader and more readily accessible than a review periodical. The Handbook of HIV Prevention is intended as the first attempt to meet this need. The current state of affairs led us to edit a book that would represent the major areas of HIV behavioral research at a level appropriate for graduate students and experienced researchers in public health, medicine, nursing, education, and the social and behavioral sciences. In addition, we expect that the handbook will be useful in advanced undergraduate courses and as a reference book for health care professionals. Our plans to assemble the Handbook began in the fall of 1996 when we prepared a tentative outline of chapters and invited a large number of distinguished researchers in the field to be the authors of various chapters. We received an overwhelmingly favorable response from potential authors to our letters of invitation. After considerable effort by both the contributors and the editors the volume was completed in 1999, when all chapters went to press.
 

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Contents

Theoretical Approaches to IndividualLevel Change in HIV Risk
3
The AIDS Risk Reduction Model
9
The Transtheoretical Model
17
The Social Cognitive Theory
23
The Theory of Reasoned Action
29
The Theory of Planned Behavior
35
Comparison and Critique of the Models Discussed
45
Implications of HIV Intervention Research
49
Limitations of Prevention Research
169
Interventions for Sexually Active Heterosexual Women
179
Summary and Conclusions
195
Interventions to Reduce HIV Transmission in Homosexual
201
Risk Reduction Interventions for Gay and Bisexual
207
Summary
214
CrossSectional Studies with Latino MSM
218
HIV Prevention in Developing Countries
225

A Theoretical Approach to Promote Community
57
Lessons Learned
64
Measurement Issues
71
Summary and New Research Suggestions
77
SchoolBased Interventions to Prevent Unprotected Sex and
83
SchoolBased and SchoolLinked Health Centers
92
Introduction
101
Behavioral Interventions to Reduce the Risk of Sexually Transmitted
109
Effects of Interventions on Mediator Variables
115
References
124
Theoretical Basis for Behavior Change
134
Summary
141
The Role of Drug Abuse Treatment in the Prevention of
147
HIV Prevalence and Incidence and Treatment Participation
153
HIVAIDS Prevention for Drug Users in Natural Settings
159
Evaluation of HIVAIDS Prevention Interventions in Developing Countri
232
Future Directions for Prevention Research
239
HIV Prevention in Industrialized Countries
245
Structural and Enabling Factors
257
Achieving the Promise of HIV Prevention
267
A Typology of HIV Prevention Technologies
273
Facilitating the Uptake of HIV Prevention Technologies
280
Overview of Research Literature
286
Implications for Decision Makers
292
Future Directions for HIV Prevention
311
References
323
169
325
M
334
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