## Thermal Physics |

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### Contents

AN ELEMENTARY SOLUBLE SYSTEM | 11 |

THE FUNDAMENTAL ASSUMPTION | 27 |

Accessible state | 29 |

Copyright | |

36 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

absolute zero approximation Boltzmann Boltzmann factor bosons calculated Carnot cycle chemical potential classical regime closed system combined system concentration constant entropy defined definition denote derivative diffusive contact distribution function electron energy levels ensemble equal equation equilibrium ergs example expansion experimental Fermi energy Fermi gas Fermi-Dirac fermions Figure fluctuations flux fractional free energy free particle frequency gases Gibbs factor given grand sum ground orbital harmonic oscillator heat capacity helium ideal gas law ideal monatomic gas increase integral interactions isothermal large number lattice low temperature magnetic field maximum mole molecule negative temperature number of accessible number of atoms number of orbitals number of particles obtain occupied orbital partition function perature photons Planck potential energy pressure probable configuration Problem properties quantity quantum number relation reservoir result Sackur-Tetrode equation Show solid spin excess superfluid system in thermal term thermal average thermal contact total number unit velocity versus wavefunction white dwarf