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Books Books 1 - 10 of 15 on Schema' refers to an active organization of past reactions, or of past experiences,....
" Schema' refers to an active organization of past reactions, or of past experiences, which must always be supposed to be operating in any well-adapted organic response. "
Understanding Intelligence - Page 292
by Rolf Pfeifer, Christian Scheier - 2001 - 700 pages
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Perspectives on the Study of Speech

Peter D. Eimas, Joanne L. Miller - Language Arts & Disciplines - 1981 - 348 pages
...expressly distinguished them from conscious images. Bartlett 's (1932) definition of the "schema" is as: "an active organization of past reactions, or of past...operating in any well-adapted organic response [p. 201 ]. " The active response to a situation is judged to be as important as the passive sensations associated...
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Comprehensive Handbook of Cognitive Therapy

Hal Arkowitz, L.E. Beutler, Karen Simon - Psychology - 1989 - 622 pages
...to current uses of the concept (Brewer & Nakumura. 1984). Bartlett (1932) considered a schema to be "an active organization of past reactions or of past...supposed to be operating in any well,adapted organic responses' ' (p. 20). According to Brewer and Nakumura (1984), the emergence of contemporary interest...
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Human Error

James Reason - Psychology - 1990 - 302 pages
...were unconscious processes. A schema was defined by Bartlett (1932, p. 201) as "an active organisation of past reactions, or of past experiences, which must...be operating in any well-adapted organic response. That is, whenever there is any order or regularity of behaviour, a particular response is possible...
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Current Developments in Health Psychology

Paul Bennett, John Weinman, Peter Spurgeon - Medical - 1990 - 358 pages
...schemata. The term schema was developed by Bartlett ( 1932) who defined it as "the active organisation of past reactions or of past experiences which must always be supposed to be operating in any well adapted organic response". Schema theory is based upon the assumption that we actively construct...
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Cognition in Action

Mary M. Smyth, Alan F. Collins, Philip Levy, Peter E. Morris - Psychology - 1994 - 455 pages
...from its use by Head, he stated that: "'Schema' refers to an active organisation of past reactions or past experiences, which must always be supposed to...be operating in any well-adapted organic response". We discuss in Chapter 9 how schemas can be used to explain the way in which past experience can be...
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Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and ...

David C. Rubin - Psychology - 1997 - 385 pages
...schema. In 1932, Bartlett defined the term schema as follows: " 'Schema' refers to an active organisation of past reactions, or of past experiences, which must...operating in any well-adapted organic response" (p. 201). The implication of this definition is that From 1932 until the 1960s, the concept of schema received...
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Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology

Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett, Frederic C. Bartlett - Psychology - 1995 - 317 pages
...but I will attempt to define its application more narrowly. 'Schema' refers to an active organisation of past reactions, or of past experiences, which must...be operating in any well-adapted organic response. That is, whenever there is any order or regularity of behaviour, a particular response is possible...
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Trauma: Explorations in Memory

Cathy Caruth - Literary Criticism - 1995 - 277 pages
...memory is an active and constructive process and that remembering depends on existing mental schemas, "an active organization of past reactions or of past experiences which must always be operating in any welladapted organic response" (Bartlett, 1932, 201; Schacter, 1987; Neisser, 1967)....
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Knowledge in Minds: Individual and Collective Processes in Cognition

A. L. Wilkes - Psychology - 1997 - 451 pages
...this reconstruction took place. Bartlett (1932, p.201) defined the schema as "an active organisation of past reactions, or of past experiences, which must always be supposed to be operating in any well adapted organic response". It is not an ideal definition but, in essence, it conceives of the...
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Neural Organization: Structure, Function, and Dynamics

Michael A. Arbib, Fletcher Jones Professor of Computer Science and Professor of Biological Sciences Biomedical Engineering Neuroscience and Psychology Michael A Arbib, Peter Erdi, Péter Érdi, János Szentágothai, Janos Szentagothai, Alice Szentagothai - Medical - 1998 - 407 pages
...than an active, developing pattern or organized setting — Bartlett adopted the term in the sense of "an active organization of past reactions, or of past...be operating in any well-adapted organic response." With this as background, Bartlett stressed the constructive character of remembering. He found that...
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