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The argument. Raphael, at the request of Adam, relates how and wherefore

this world was first created ; that God, after the expelling of Satan and his Angels out of heaven, declared his pleasure to create another world, and other creatures to dwell therein ; sends bis Son with glory, and attendance of angels, to perform the work of Creation in six days: the Angels celebrate with hymns the performance thereof, and his reascension into Heaven.

DESCEND from heaven, Urania ! by that name
If rightly thou art call’d, whose voice divine
Following, above the Olympian bill I soar,
Above the flight of Pegaséan wing!
The meaning, not the name, I call: for thou
Nor of the Muses nine, nor on the top
Of old Olympus dwell'st: but, heavenly-born,
Before the hills appear’d, or fountain flow'd,
Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse,
Wisdom thy sister; and with her didst play
In presence of the Almighty Father, pleased
With thy celestial song. Up led by thee
Into the Heaven of Heavens I have presumed,
An earthly guest, and drawn empyreal air,
Thy tempering: with like safety guided down



Return me to my native element:
Lest, from this flying steed unrein'd (as once
Bellerophon, though from a lower clime),
Dismounted, on the Aleian field I fall,
Erroneous there to wander, and forlorn.
Half yet remains unsung, but narrower bound
Within the visible diurnal sphere:
Standing on earth, not rapt above the pole,
More safe I sing with mortal voice, unchanged
To hoarse or mute, though fallen on evil days:
On evil days though fallen, and evil tongues ;
In darkness; and with dangers compass'd round,
And solitude: yet not alone, while thou
Visit’st my slumbers nightly, or when morn
Purples the east. Still

govern thou

my song,
Urania ! and fit audience find, though few.
But drive far off the barbarous dissonance
Of Bacchus and his revellers, the race
Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard
In Rhodope, where woods and rocks had ears
To rapture, till the savage clamor drown'd
Both harp and voice ; nor could the Muse defend
Her son.

So fail not thou, who thee implores:
For thou art heavenly, she an empty dream.

Say, Goddess ! what ensued when Raphaël,
The affable archangel, bad forewarn'd
Adam, by dire example, to beware
Apostasy, by what befel in heaven
To those apostates; lest the like befall
In paradise to Adam or his race,
Charged not to touch the interdicted tree,
If they transgress, and slight that sole command,
So easily obey'd amid the choice
Of all tastes else to please their appetite,

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Though wandering. He, with his consorted Eve,
The story heard attentive; and was fillid
With admiration and deep muse, to hear
Of things so high and strange; things, to their
So unimaginable, as hate in heaven, (thought
And war so near the peace of God in bliss,
With such confusion : but the evil, soon
Driven back, redounded as a flood on those
From whom it sprang; impossible to mix
With blessedness. Whence Adam soon repeald
The doubts that in his heart arose ; and now
Led on, yet sinless, with desire to know
What nearer might concern him, how this world
Of heaven and earth conspicuous first began;
When, and whereof created; for what cause;
What within Eden, or without, was done
Before his memory; as one, whose drought
Yet scarce allay'd, still eyes

the current stream, Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites, Proceeded thus to ask his heavenly guest:

“ Great things, and full of wonder in our ears, Far differing from this world, thou hast reveald. Divine Interpreter! by favor sent Down from the empyréan, to forewarn Us timely of what might else have been our loss, Unknown, which human knowledge could not For which to the infinitely Good we owe (reach: Immortal thanks ; and his admonishment Receive, with solemn purpose to observe Immutably his sovran will, the end Of what we are.

But since thou hast vouchsafed Gently, for our instruction, to impart Things above earthly thought, which yet concern'd Our knowing, as to the highest wisdom seem'd,

Deign to descend now lower, and relate
What may no less perhaps avail us known,
How first began this heaven which we behold
Distant so high, with moving fires adorn'd
Innumerable; and this which yields or fills
All space, the anıbient air wide interfused,
Embracing round this florid earth: what cause
Moved the Creator, in his holy rest
Through all eternity, so late to build
In Chaos; and the work begun how soon
Absolved; if unforbid thou may'st unfold
What we, not to explore the secrets ask
Of his eternal empire, but the more
To magnify his works, the more we know.
And the great light of day yet wants to run
Much of his race though steep; suspense in heaven,
Held by thy voice: thy potent voice, he hears,
And longer will delay to hear thee tell
His generation, and the rising birth
Of Nature from the unapparent deep:
Or if the star of evening and the moon
Haste to thy audience, Night with her will bring
Silence; and Sleep, listening to thee, will watch:
Or we can bid his absence, till thy song
End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shine.”

Thus Adam his illustrious guest besought;
And thus the godlike angel answer'd mild:
“ This also thy request, with caution ask’d,
Obtain; though to recount almighty works
What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice,
Or heart of man suffice to comprehend?
Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve
To glorify the Maker, and infer
Thee also happier, shall not be withheld

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Thy hearing : such commission from above
I have received, to answer thy desire
Of knowledge within bounds ; beyond, abstain
To ask; nor let thine own inventions hope
Things not reveal'd, which the invisible King,
Only Omniscient, hath suppress'd in night;
To none communicable in earth or heaven:
Enough is left besides to search and know.
But knowledge is as food, and needs no less
Her temperance over appetite, to know
In measure what the mind


well contain; Oppresses else with surfeit, and soon turns Wisdom to folly, as nourishment to wind.

“ Know then, that, after Lucifer from heaven (So call him, brighter once amidst the host Of angels, than that star the stars among), Fell with his flaming legions, through the deep, Into his place; and the great Son return’d Victorious with his saints, the Omnipotent Eternal Father from his throne beheld Their multitude, and to his Son thus spake:

* At least our envious foe hath fail'd, who thought All like himself rebellious, by whose aid This inaccessible high strength, the seat Of Deity supreme, us dispossess'd, He trusted to have seized, and into fraud Drew many, whom their place knows here no more: Yet far the greater part have kept, I see, Their station : heaven, yet populous, retains Number sufficient to possess her realms Though wide, and this high temple to frequent With ministeries due, and solemn rites. But, lest his heart exalt him in the harm Already done, to have dispeopled heaven,

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