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COMPRISING THE SUBSTANCE OF THE MOST APPROVED

ENGLISH GRAMMARS EXTANT,

WITH

COPIOUS EXERCISES IN PARSING AND SYNTAX;

A NEW EDITION,

RAVIS&D, B E - AB RANGED AND IMPROVBD

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS,

BY REV. PETER BULLIONS, D. D.
LATE PROFESSOR OF LANGUAGES IN THE ALBANY ACADEMY; AUTHOB OX
THX SERIES OF GRAMMARS, GREEK, LATIN, AND ENGLISH, ETC.,

ON THE SAXE PLAN.

THIRTY.FIRST EDITION, REVISED.

NEW YORK:
PUBLISHED BY PRATT, OAKLEY & CO.
NO. 21 MURRAY STREET.

1859,

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59459

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the Year One Thousand

Eight Hundred and Fifty-one, by Rev. PETER BULLIONS, D.D., in the Clerk's Office of the Northern District of New York.

1

PREFACE.

A knowledge of English Grammar is very properly considered an indispensable part of an English education; and is now taught as such, in all our Academies and Common Schools. The great number of elementary works which have recently appeared on this subject, is a pleasing evidence of the attention which has been bestowed upon it. Among these, none has enjoyed greater favor than the Grammar of LINDLEY MURRAY; and the high rank which it still holds among the numerous works which have appeared since its publication, is a decided testimony to the soundness of its principles and the excellence of the system. With all its ex. cellence, however, it is far from being incapable of improvement; and the attempt to add to its value as a manual for schools, by correcting what is erroneous, retrenching what is superfluous or unimportant, compressing what is prolix, elucidating what is obscure, determining what was left doubtful, supplying what is defective, and bringing up the whole to that state of improvement to wbich the labours of eminent scientific and practical writers of the present day have so greatly contributed, can hardly fail, if well executed, to prove acceptable to the public. Such was my design; and though there may be reason to regret that it has not been undertaken by some one more capable of doing justice to the subject, still it is hoped that the labor bestowed, in order to carry it into effect, will not be altogether in vain.

In endeavoring to avoid the minutiæ and diffuseness of the larger Grammar, care has been taken to guard against the opposite ex. treme. The abridgments of Murray now in use, are little more than a synopsis of the larger work; presenting a mere outline of the subject, altogether too meagre to be of much service to the learner. The same remark is applicable to a great number of smaller works which have been published with a similar view; namely, to serve as an introduction to a more extended system, They are incapable themselves of imparting a satisfactory know. ledge of the subject; and yet it often happens, perhaps even in a majority of cases, that those who have commenced with the "in. troduction,” have neither the time nor the means to get beyond it : and besides, unless the “introduction” be constructed on the

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