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ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

ADAPTED TO THE

DIFFERENT CLASSES OF LEARNERS.

WITH

AN APPENDIX,

CONTAINING

RULES AND OBSERVATIONS

FOR ASSISTING THE MORE ADVANCED STUDENTS TO WRITE

WITH PERSPICUITY AND ACCURACY.

"They who are learning to compose and arrange their sentences with accuracy
and order, are learning, at the same time, to think with accuracy and order."

BLAIR.

BY LINDLEY MURRAY.

NEW-YORK:
SAMUEL RAYNOR.

No. 76 Bowery.

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HEN the number and variety of English Grammars already

published, and the ability with which some of them are written, are considered, little can be expected from a new compi lation, besides a careful selection of the most useful matter, and some degree of improvement in the mode of adapting it to the understanding, and the gradual progress of learners. In these respects something, perhaps, may yet be done, for the ease and advantage of young persons..

In books designed for the instruction of youth, there is a medium to be observed, between treating the subject in so extensive and minute a manner, as to embarrass and confuse their minds, by offering too much at once for their comprehension; and, on the other hand, conducting it by such short and general precepts and observations, as convey to them no clear and precise information. A distribution of the parts, which is either defective or irregular, has also a tendency to perplex the young understanding, and to retard its knowledge of the principles of literature. A distinct general view, or outline, of all the essential parts of the study in which they are engaged; a gradual and judicious supply of this outline ; and a due arrangement of the divisions, accord. ing to their natural order and connexion, appear to be among the best means of enlightening the minds of youth, and of facilitating their acquisition of knowledge. The author of this work, at the same time that he has endeavoured to avoid a plan which may be too concise or too extensive, defective in its parts or irregular in their disposition, has studied to render his subject sufficiently easy, intelligible, and comprehensive. He does not presume to have completely attained these objects. How far he has succeeded in the attempt, and wherein he has failed, must be referred to the determination of the judicious and candid reader.

The method which he has adopted, of exhibiting the perform ance in characters of different sizes, will, he trusts, be conducive to the gradual and regular procedure, which is so favourable to the business of instruction. The more important rules, definitions, and observations, and which are therefore the most proper to be committed to memory, are printed with a larger type ; whilst rules and remarks that are of less consequence, that extend or diversify the general idea, or that serve as explanations, are conlained in the smaller letter : these, or the chief of theni, will be {+rused by the student to the greatest advantage, if postponed till c general system be completed. The use of notes and observa:luns, in the common and detached manner, at the bottom of the page, would not, it is imagined, be so likely to attract the perusal of youth, or admit of so ample and regular an illustration, as a continued and uniform order of the several subjects. In adopting this mode, care has been taken to adjust it so that the whole may os perused in a connected progress, or the part contained in the darger character read in order by itself. Many of the notes and

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