Lord Methuen and the British Army: Failure and Redemption in South Africa
This study analyzes the readiness of the British military establishment for war in 1899 and its performance in the South African War (1899-1902). It focuses on the career of Field Marshal Paul Sanford, 3rd Baron Methuen, whose traditional military training, used so effectively in Queen Victoria's small wars, was put to the test by the modern challenges of the South African War. A subsidiary aim of this work is to correct and refine the historical consensus that Methuen's campaing in the South African War was plagued by practical errors and poor judgement. The South African War was a crucial transitional episode in the history of the British army. Unlike Great Britain's other expeditions, it required the concentrated resources of the entire empire. It was a modern war in the sense that it employed the technology, the weaponry, the communications, and the transportation of the second industrial revolution.
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The Barons Son Joins the Guards 186481
Establishing a Name From Egypt to India 188299
The Armys Scapegoat
The British Army and the Outbreak of War in South Africa
The Advance to Modder River
Failure at Magersfontein
The Restoration of a Career
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1st Division 9th Brigade advance Amery artillery Ashanti attack attempt batde Battalion Battery Battle of Magersfontein Bechuanaland Belfield Belmont Bloemfontein Boer force Boer position Boers British army British soldiers Cape Colony capture casualties cavalry Colonel column Colvile command Cronje decision enemy enemy's expedition failure fight fire flank garrison Gatacre German Graspan Guards Brigade guns Highland Brigade History horses Ibid Imperial Yeomanry Kimberley Kitchener Kitchener's kopjes Ladysmith Leo Amery Lieutenant-Colonel litde London Lord Methuen Mafeking Majesty's Commissioners appointed Major-General Maurice and Grant Methuen believed Methuen Papers Methuen to GOC Methuen to M. E. Methuen wrote Milner Modder River mounted infantry mounted troops Natal National Army Museum night march Northumberland Fusiliers Orange Free ordered P. S. Methuen Pole-Carew Public Records Office railway reconnaissance regiment reinforcements relieve Kimberley retreat Rhodes Roberts South Africa tactics Transvaal trenches volunteers Wauchope Western Transvaal Wiltshire Records Office Wolseley Wolseley's Zeerust