## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 4American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2001 - Arctic regions |

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Page 60

2 ) incorporates real pipeline spatial

characteristics . Pipeline and its protective shell were represented as a two - layer

cylinder . Temperature distribution in this case ( Fig . 2 ) is described by the

equation ( 1 ) ...

2 ) incorporates real pipeline spatial

**geometry**, snow cover and othercharacteristics . Pipeline and its protective shell were represented as a two - layer

cylinder . Temperature distribution in this case ( Fig . 2 ) is described by the

equation ( 1 ) ...

Page 95

Establishing the basic design parameters such as

strakes , buoyancy , weight , and actual and effective tension . Code calculations

of required stress and strain components . Simplified modal analyses : varying

mass ...

Establishing the basic design parameters such as

**geometry**, wall thickness ,strakes , buoyancy , weight , and actual and effective tension . Code calculations

of required stress and strain components . Simplified modal analyses : varying

mass ...

Page 266

Hence , the pipe

shown . An embedded pipe moves vertically towards the seabed surface and

requires a force W . This comprises the effective weight of the pipe , W ' ( known

for ...

Hence , the pipe

**geometry**investigated is shown in Figure la using the definitionsshown . An embedded pipe moves vertically towards the seabed surface and

requires a force W . This comprises the effective weight of the pipe , W ' ( known

for ...

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### Contents

POLAR AND ARCTIC | 1 |

Analysis of Ice Force Spectra in Physical Experiments | 7 |

Progressive Damage Mechanism for Ductile Failure for Polycrystalline Ice and | 15 |

Copyright | |

16 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

analysis applied approach Arctic assessment axial bending buckle cable calculated carrier cause coefficient collapse combination compared Conference considered corrosion cost crack damage defect dependent depth detailed determined developed diameter displacement distribution dynamic effect element Engineering equation experimental factor failure field Figure flexible flow flowline fluid force foundation fracture function geometry given grooves heat increase initial inspection installation internal lateral layer length limit liner load material maximum measured Mechanics method observed obtained occur Offshore operation parameters performed phase pipe pipeline position predicted presented pressure production range ratio reduced relation resistance respectively response riser risk sand seabed shown shows simulation soil solution specimens steel strain strength stress structure surface Table temperature tests thermal thickness values wave wrinkle