## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 4American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2001 - Arctic regions |

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Page 12

Characteristic

N ) The same process of ice force can be expressed in two different ways , one is

frequency spectrum and the other is characteristic ice force

...

Characteristic

**values**of ice forces and zero order moments of spectra Fh , 1 / 3 (N ) The same process of ice force can be expressed in two different ways , one is

frequency spectrum and the other is characteristic ice force

**values**. A correlation...

Page 84

The relative differences of the U

correlation coefficient r , and the standard error S of two models are listed in

Table 2 . For the three flowline heated cases , the inner area used is the total

area of ...

The relative differences of the U

**values**are also listed in the table . The factor d ,correlation coefficient r , and the standard error S of two models are listed in

Table 2 . For the three flowline heated cases , the inner area used is the total

area of ...

Page 199

For typical

been assumed . Therefore the limit ... Field measurements of pipeline forces (

Wilkinson and Palmer , 1988 ) showed that for

of ...

For typical

**values**of s = 2 . 65 and sp = 1 . ... A typical**value**of D / d = 3000 hasbeen assumed . Therefore the limit ... Field measurements of pipeline forces (

Wilkinson and Palmer , 1988 ) showed that for

**values**of A / D up to 1 . 5 the**value**of ...

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