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Of Atabalipa; and yet unspoild

More terrible at the entrance, than within. Guiana, whose great city Geryon's sons

Some, as thou saw'st, by violent stroke shall die; Call El Dorado. But to pobler sights

By fire, flood, famine, by intemperance more Michael from Adam's eyes the film remov'd, In meats and drinks, which on the Earth shall Which that false fruit that promis'd clearer

bring
sight

Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew
Had bred; then purg'd with euphrasy and rue Before thee shall ar; that thou may'st
The visual nerve, for he had much to see; What misery the inabstinence of Eve (know
And from the well of life three drops instillid. Shall bring on men.” Immediately a place
So deep the power of these ingredients piercd, Before his eyes appear'd, sad, noisome, dark ;
Even to the inmost seat of mental sight,

A lazar-house it seem'd; wherein were laid
That Adam, now enforc'd to close his eyes, Numbers of all diseas'd : all maladies
Sunk down, and all his spirits became entranc'd; Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture, qualms
But him the gentle angel by the hand

Of heart-sick agony, all feverous kinds,
Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall'd. Convulsions, epilepsies, fierce catarrhis,
“ Adam, now ope thine eyes; and first be- Intestine stone and ulcer, colic-pangs,
bold

Demoniac phrenzy, moaping melancholy,
The effects,which thy original crime hath wrought And moon-struck madness, pining atrophy,
In some to spring from thee ; who never touch'd Marasmus, and wide-wasting pestilence,
The excepted tree; nor with the snake con- Dropsies, and asthmas, and joint-racking rheums.
spir'd;

Dire was the tossing, deep the groans; Despair
Nor sinn'd thy sin; yet from that sin derive Tended the sick busiest from couch to couch ;
Corruption, to bring forth more violent deeds." And over them triumphant Death his dart

His eyes he open'd, and beheld a field, Shook, but delay'd to strike, though oft invok'd
Part arable and tilth, whereon were sheaves With vows, as their chief good, and final bope.
New reap'd ; the other part sheep-walks and Sight so deform what heart of rock could long
folds ;

Dry-ey'd behold ? Adam could not, but wept,
L' the midst an altar as the land-mark stood Though not of woman born; compassion quell'd
Rustic, of grassy sord; thither anon

His best of man, and gave him np to tears
A sweaty reaper from bis tillage brought

A space, till firmer thoughts restrain'd excess; First fruits, the green ear, and the yellow sheaf, And, scarce recovering words, his plaint reUnculld, as came to hand ; a shepherd next,

new'd.
More meek, came with the firstlings of his O miserable mankind, to what fall
fock,

Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd!
Choicest and best; then, sacrificing, laid Better end here unborn. Why is life given
The inwards and their fat, with incense strow'd, To be thus wrested from us? rather, why
On the cleft wood, and all due rights perform'd : Obtruded on us thus? who, if we knew
His offering soon propitious fire from Heaven What we receive, would either not accept
Consum'd with nimble glance, and grateful Life offer'd, or soon beg to lay it down;
steam ;

Glad to be so dismiss'd in peace. Can thus
The other's not, for his was not sincere; The image of God in Man, created once
Whereat he inly rag'd, and, as they talkd, So goodly and erect, though faulty since,
Smote him into the midriff with a stone

To such unsightly sufferings be debas'd
That beat out life ! he fell; and, deadly pale, Under iubuman pains ? Why should not Man,
Groan'd out his soul with gushing blood effus'd. Retaining still divine similitude
Much at that sight was Adam in his heart

In part, from such deformities be free,
Dismay'd, and this in haste to the angel cried. And, for his Maker's image sake, exempt ?

“O teacher, some great mischief hath befall’n “ Their Maker's image," answer'd Michael, To that meek man, who well had sacrific'd ; Is piety thus and pure devotion paid ?"

Forsook them, when themselves they vilified To whom Michael thus, he also mov'd, re- To serve ungovern'd Appetite ; and took plied.

His image whom they serv'd, a brutish vice,
" These two are brethren, Adam, and to come Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve.
Out of thy loins; the uninst the just hath slain, Therefore so abject is their punishment,
For envy that his brother's offering found Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own;
From Heaven acceptance; but the bloody fact Or if his likeness, by themselves defac'd;
Will be aveng'd; and the other's faith, approv'd, While they pervert pure Nature's healthful
Lose no reward; though here thou see him die,

rules
Rolling in dust and gore.” To which our sire. To loathsome sickness; worthily, since they

“ Alas! both for the deed, and for the cause ! God's image did not reverence in themselves.” But have I now seen Death? Is this the way Į yield it just,” said Adam, "and submit. I must return to native dust? O sight

But is there yet no other way, besides Of terrour, foul and ugly to behold,

These painful passages, how we may come
Horrid to think, how horrible to feel !"

To death, and mix with our connatural dust?
To whom thus Michaël. “ Death thou hast “There is,” said Michael, “if thou well observe

The rule of Not too much; by temperance taught,
In his first shape on Man; but many shapes In what thou eat'st and drink'st ; seeking from
Of Death, and many are the ways that lead

thence To his grim cave, all dişınal ; yet to sense Due pourishment, not gluttonous delight,

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seen

Till many years over thy head return :

“True opener of mine eyes, prime angel blest; So may'st thou live; till, like ripe fruit, thou' drop Much better seems this vision, and more hope Into thy mother's lap ; or be with ease

Of peaceful days portends, than those two past; Gather'd, not harshly pluck'd; for death mature: \ Those were of hate and death, or pain much This is Old Age ; but then, thou must outlive

worse ; Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty; which will Here Nature seems fulfill'd in all her ends.” change

To whom thus Michael. "Judge not what To wither'd, weak, and gray; thy senses then,

is best Obtuse, all taste of pleasure must forego, By pleasure, though to nature seeming meet; To what thou hast ; and, for the air of youth, Created, as thou art, to nobler end Hopeful and cheerful in thy blood will reign Holy and pure, conformity divine. A melancholy damp of cold and dry

Those tents thou saw'st so pleasant, were the tents
To weigh thy spirits down, and last consume Of wickedness, wherein shall dwell his race
The balm of life.” To whom our ancestor. Who slew his brother; studious they appear

“Henceforth I fly not death, por would prolong Of arts that polish life, inventers rare;
Life much; bent rather, how I may be quit, Unmindful of their Maker, though his spirit(none.
Fairest and easiest of this cumbrous charge; Taught them; but they his gifts acknowledg'd
Which I must keep till my appointed day Yet they a beauteous offspring shall beget;
Of rendering up, and patiently attend

For that fair female troop thou saw'st, that seem'd My dissolution.” Michaël replied. [livist Of goddesses, so blithe, so smooth, so gay,

“Nor love thy life, nor hate ; but what thou Yet empty of all good wherein consists Live well; how long, or short, permit to Heaven : Woman's domestic honour and chief praise ; And now prepare thee for another sight.”

Bred only and completed to the taste He look'd, and saw a spacious plain, whereon Of lustful appetence, to sing, to dance, Were tents of various hue ; by some, were herds To dress, and troll the tongue, and roll the eye. Of cattle grazing; others, whence the sound To these that sober race of men, whose lives Of instruments, that made melodious chime, Religious titled them the sons of God, Was heard, of harp and organ; and, who mov'd Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame Their stops and chords, was seen ; his volant Ignobly, to the trains and to the smiles touch,

Of these fair atheists ; and now swim in joy, Instinct through all proportions, low and high, Erelong to swim at large; and laugh, for which Fled and pursued transverse the resonant fugue. The world erelong a world of tears must weep." Inother part stood one who, at the forge

To whom thus Adam, of short joy bereft. Labouring, two massy clods of iron and brass “ O pity and shame, that they, who to live well Had melted, (whether found where casual fire Enter'd so fair, should turn aside to tread Had wasted woods on mountain or in vale, Paths indirect, or in the mid way faint ! Down to the veins of Earth ; thence gliding hot But still I see the tenour of man's woe To some cave's mouth; or whether wash'd by Holds on the same, from woman to begin." stream

“ From man's effeminate slackness it begins," From underground ;) the liquid ore he drain'd Said the angel, “who should better hold his place Into fit moulds prepard ; from which he form'd By wisdom, and superior gifts receiv'd. First his own tools; then, what might else be But now prepare thee for another scene.” Fusil or graven in metal. After these, [wrought He look'd, and saw wide territory spread But on the hither side, a different sort

Before him, towns, and rural works between; From the high neighbouring hills, which was Cities of men with lofty gates and towers, their seat,

Concourse in arms, fierce faces threatening war, Down to the plain descended; by their guise Giants of mighty bone, and bold emprise ; Just men they seem'd, and all their study bent Part wield their arms, partcurb the foaming steed, To worship God aright, and know his works Siugle or in array of battle rang'd Not hid ; nor those things last, which might Both horse and foot, nor idly mustering stood ; preserve

One way a band select from forage drives Freedom and peace to men: they on the plain A herd of beeves, fair oxen and fair kine, Long had not walk’d, when from the tents, behold! From a fat meadow ground; or fleecy flock, A bevy of fair women, richly gay

Ewes and their bleating lambs over the plain, In gems and wanton dress; to the harp they sung Their booty; scarce with life the shepherds fly, Soft amorous ditties, and in dance came on: But call in aid, which makes a bloody fray; The men, though yrave, ey'd them; and let their With cruel tournament the squadrons join; Rove without rein ; till, in the amorous net [eyes Where cattle pastur'd late, now scatter'd lies Fast caught, they lik’d; and each his liking chose; With carcasses and arms the ensanguin'd field, And now of love they treat, till the evening-star, Deserted : others to a city strong Love's harbinger, appear'd; then, all in heat Lay siege, encamp'd; by battery, scale, and They light the nuptial torch, and bid invoke Assaulting ; others from the wall defend (mine, Hymen, then first to marriage rites invok'd: With dart and javelin,stones, and sulphurous fire; With feast and music all the tents resound. On each hand slaughter, and gigantic deeds. Such happy interview, and fair event (Aowers, In other part the scepter’d heralds call Of love and youth not lost, songs, garlands, To council, in the city-gates ; anon

(mir'd, And charming symphonies, attach'd the heart

Gray-headed men and grave, with warriours Of Adam, soon inclin'd to admit delight,

Assemble, and harangues are heard ; but soopa The bent of nature ; which he thus express'do In factious opposition ; till at last,

ven

Of middle age one rising, ominent

Measur'd by cubit, length, and breadth, and In wise deport, spake much of rightand wrong,

height; Of justice, of religion, truth, and peace,

Smear'd round with pitch ; and in the side a door And judgment from above : him old and young

Contriv'd; and of provisions laid in large, Exploded, and had seiz'd with violent hands;

For man and beast : when lo, a wonder strange! Had not a cloud descending snatch'd him thence of every beast, and bird, and insect small, Unseen amid the throng : so violence

Came sevens and pairs; and enter'd in as taught Proceeded, and oppression, and sword-law,

Their order : last the sire and his three sons, Through all the plain, and refuge none was found. With their four wives; and God made fast the

door. Adam was all in tears, and to his guide

(wings Lamenting turn'd full sad : “0! what are these, Mean while the south-wind rose, and, with black Death's ministers, not men ? who thus deal death Wide-hovering, all the clouds together drove Inhumanly to men, and multiply

From under Heaven; the hills to their supply
Ten thousandfold the sin of him who slew Vapour, and exhalation dusk and moist,
His brother: for of whom such massacre

Sent up amain ; and now the thicken'd sky
Make they, but of their brethren ; men of men ?

Like a dark ceiling stood ; down rush'd the rain But who was that just man, whom had not Hea. Impetuous; and continued, till the Earth

No more was seen: the floating vessel swum Rescued, had in his righteousness been lost ?” Uplifted, and secure with beaked prow

To whom thus Michael.“These are the product Rode tilting o'er the waves; all dwellings else Of those ill-mated marriages thou saw'st;

Flood overwhelm'd, and them with all their Where good with bad were match'd, who of

pomp themselves

Deep under water rolld; sea cover'd sea, Abhor to join ; and, by imprudence mix'd,

Sea without shore ; and in their palaces, Produce prodigious births of body or mind.

Where luxury late reign'd, sea-monsters whelpd. Such were these giants, men of high renown;

And stabled ; of mankind, so numerous late, For in those days might only shall be admir'd, All left, in one small bottom swum imbark'd. And valour and heroic virtue callid;

How didst thou grieve then, Adam, to behold To overcome in battle, and subdue

The end of all thy offspring, end so sad,
Nations, and bring home spoils with jufinite Depopulation! Thee another flood,
Man-slaughter, shall be held the highest pitch

Of tears and sorrow a flood, thee also drown'd, Of human glory; and for glory done

And sunk thee as thy sons"; till, gently rear'd Of triumph, to be styl'd great conquerors,

By the angel, on thy feet thou stvod'st at last; Patrons of mankind, gods and sons of gods;

Though comfortless ; as when.a father mourns Destroyers rightlier call'd, and plagues of men.

His children, all in view destroy'd at once; Thus fame shall be achiev'd, renown on Earth;

And scarce to the angel utter'dst thus thy plaint. And what most merits fame, in silence hid.

“ O visions ill foreseen! better had I
But he, the seventh from thee, whom thou be- Liv'd ignorant of future ! so had borne
The only righteous in a world perverse, (heldst My part of evil only, each day's lot
And therefore hated, therefore so beset

Enough to bear; those now, that were dispens'd With foes, for daring single to be just,

The burden of many ages, on me light
And utter odious truth, that God would come At once, by my foreknowledge gaining birth
To judge them with his saints : bim the Most Abortive, to torment me ere their being,
High

With thought that they must be. Let no man seeks
Rapt in a balmy cloud with winged steeds Henceforth to be foretold, what shall befall
Did, as thou saw'st, receive, to walk with God

Him or his children ; evil he may be sure, High in salvation and the climes of bliss,

Which neither his foreknowing can prevent; Exempt from death; to show thee what reward

And he the future evil shall no less Awaits the good ; the rest what punishment;

In apprehension than in substance feel, Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold.;"

Grievous to bear : but that care now is past, He look'd, and saw the face of things quite Man is not whom to warn : those few escap'd chang'd;

Famine and anguish will at last consume, The brazen throat of war had ceas'd to roar;

Wandering that watery desert: I had hope All now was turn'd to jollity and game,

When violence was ceas'd, and war on Earth, To luxury and riot, feast and dance;

All would have then gone well; peace would have Marrying or prostituting, as befel,

crown'd Rape or adultery, where passing fair

With length of happy days the race of Man; Allar'd them ; thence from cups to civil broils.

But I was far deceiv'd; for now I see At length a reverend sire among them came,

Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste. And of their doings great dislike declard How comes it thus ? unfold, celestial guide, And testified against their ways; he oft

And whether here the race of Man will end." Frequented their assemblies, whereso met,

To whom thus Michael. “ Those, whom last Triumphs or festivals ; and to them preach'd

thou saw'st Conversion and repentance, as to souls

In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they In prison, under judgments imminent :

First seen in acts of prowess eminent But all in vain : which when he saw, he ceas'd And great exploits, but of true virtue void; Contending, and remov'd his tents far off: Who, having spilt much blood, and done much Then, from the mountain hewing timber tall,

Subduing nations, and achiev'd thereby (waste Began to build a vessel of huge bulk;

Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey;

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Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark Surfeit, and lust; till wantonness and pride[sloth, The ancient sire descends, with all his train: Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, The conquer'd also, and enslav'd by war,

Grateful to Heaven, over his head beholds Shal}, with their freedom lost, all virtue lose

A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow And fear of God; from whom their piety feign'd Conspicuous with three listed colours gay, In sharp contést of battle found no aid

Betokening peace from God, and covenant new, Against invaders; therefore, cool'd in zeal, Whereat the heart of Adam, erst so sad, Thenceforth shall practise how to live secure, Greatly rejoic'd; and thus his joy broke forth. Worldly. or dissolute, on what their lords

“O thou, who future things canst represent Shall leave them to enjoy; for the Earth shall bear | As present, eavenly instructor! I revive More than enough, that temperance may be tried: At this last sight; assur'd that Man shall live, So all shall turo degenerate, all deprav'd; With all the creatures, and their seed preserve. Justice and temperavce, truth and faith, forgot; Par less I now lament for one whole world One man except, the only son of light

Of wicked sons destroy'd, than I rejoice In a dark age, ilgainst example good,

For one man found so perfect, and so just, Against allurement, custom, and a world

That God vouchsafes to raise another world Offended : fearless of reproach and scorn, From him, and all his anger to forget. (Heaven Or violence, he of their wicked ways

But say, what mean those colour'd streaks in Shall them admonish; and before them set Distended, as the brow of God appeas'd? The paths of righteousness, how much more safe, Or serve they, as a flowery verge, to bind And full of peace; denouncing wrath to come The fluid skirts of that same watery cloud, On their impenitence; and shall return

Lest it again dissolve, and shower the Earth?" Of them derided, but of God obsery'd

To whom the arch-angel. Dextrously thog The ope just man alive; by his command

Sofwillingly doth God remit his ire,

(aim'st; Shall build a wonderous ark, as thou beheldst, Though late repenting him of Man deprar'd; To save himself, and household, from amidst Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw A world devote to universal wrack.

The whole Earth fild with violence, and all flesh No sooner he, with them of man and beast Corrupting each their way; yet, those removido Select for life, shall in the ark be lodg'd, Such grace shall one just man find in his sight, And shelter'd round; but all the cataracts That he relents, not to blot out mankind; Of Heaven set open on the Earth shall pour And makes a covenant never to destroy Rain, day and night; all fountains of the deep, The Earth again by flood ; nor let the sea Broke up, shall heave the ocean to usurp Surpass his bounds; nor rain to drown the world, Beyond all bounds ; till inundation rise

With map therein or beast; but, when he bringe Above the highest hills : then shall this mount Over the Earth a cloud, will therein set Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd His triple-colour'd bow, whereon to look, Out of his place, push'd by the horned food, And call to mind his covenant: day and night, With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift, Seed-time and barvest, heat and loary frost, Down the great river to the opening gulf, Shall hold their course; till fire purge all things And there take root an island salt and bare,

new, The haunt of scals, and orcs, and sea-mews' Both Heaven and Earth, wherein the just shall clang :

dwell."
To teach thee that God attributes to place
No sanctity, if none be thither brought
By men who there frequent, or therein dwell.
And now, what further shall ensue, behold."

PARADISE LOST.
He look'd, and saw the ark hull on the food,
Which now abated ; for the clouds were fled,

BOOK XII.
Driven by a keen north-wind, that, blowing dry,
Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decay'd ;
And the clear Sun on his wide watery glass

THE ARGUMENT.
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew,
As after thirst; which made their flowing shrink The angel Michael continues, from the flood,
From standing lake to tripping ebb, that stole to relate what shall succeed: then, in the
With soft foot towards the deep; who now had mention of Abrahain, comes by degrees to
stopt

explain, who that seed of the woman shall His sluices, as the Heaven his windows shut. be, which was promised Adam and Eve in the The ark no more now floats, but seems on ground, Pall; his incarnation, death, resurrection, Fast on the top of some high mountain fix'd. and ascension; the state of the church till And now the tops of hills, as rocks, appear ; his second coming. Adam, greatly satisfied With clamour thence the rapid currents drive, and recomforted by these relations and prom Towards the retreating sea, their furious tide. mises, descends the hill with Michael; wakens Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies,

Eve, who all this while had slept, but with And after him, the surer messenger,

gentle dreams composed to quietness of mind A dove sent forth once and again to spy [light: and submission. Michael in either hand leads Green tree or ground, whereon his foot may them out of Paradise, the fiery sword waving The second time returning, in bis bill

behind tbem, and the Cherubim taking their An olive-leaf he brings, pac ific sign :

stations to guard the place

As one who in his journey bates at noon, Authority usurp'd, from God not given :
Though bent on speed; so here the arch-angel He gave us only orer beast, fish, fuwl,
pausd

Dominion absolute; that right we hold
Betwixt the world destroy'd and world restor'd, By his donation; but man over men
If Adam aught perhaps might interpose ;

He made not lord ; such title to himself
Then, with transition sweet, new speech resumes. Reserving, human left from human free.

"Thus thou hast seen one world begin, and But this usurper his encroachment proud And Man, as from a second stock, proceed. (end; Stays not on man; to God his tower intends Much thou hast yet to see; but I perceive

Siege and defiance: wretched man ! what food Thy mortal sight to fail ; objects divine Will he convey up thither, to sustain Must needs impair and weary human sense:

Himself and his rash army; where thin air Henceforth what is to come I will relate;

Above the clouds will pine his entrails gross, Thou therefore give due audience, and aitend. And famish him of breath, if not of bread ?" “This second source of men, while yet but few,

To whom thus Michael. “Justly thou abhorr's
And while the dread of judgment past remains That son, who on the quiet state of men
Fresh in their minds, fearing the Deity,

Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue
With some regard to what is just and right Rational liberty ; yet know withal,
Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace;

Since thy original lapse, true liberty
Labouring the soil, and reaping plenteous crop, Is lost, which always with right reason dwells
Corn, wine, and oil; and, from the herd or flock, Twinn'd, and from her hath no dividual being :
Oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid, [feast, Reason in man obscur'd, or not obey'd,
With large wine-offerings pour'd, and sacred Immediately inordinate desires,
Shall spend their days in joy vnblam'd ; and And upstart passions, catch the government
dwell

From reason; and to servitnde reduce Long time in peace, by families and tribes, Man, till then free. Therefore, since he permits Under paternal rule: till one shall rise

Within himself unworthy powers to reign Of proud ambitious heart; who, not content Over free reason, God, in judgment just, With fair equality, fraternal state,

Subjects him from without to violent lords; Will arrogate dominion undeservd

Who oft as undeservedly enthrall Over his brethren, and quite dispossess

His outward freedom : tyranny must be; Concord and law of nature froin the Earth; Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse. Hunting (and men not beasts shall be his game) Yet sometimes nations will decline so low With war, and hostile snare, such as refuse From virtue, which is reasou, that no wrong, Subjection to his empire tyrannous :

But justice, and some fatal curse annex'd, A mighty hunter thence he shall be styl'd Deprives them of their outward liberty ; Before the Lord; as in despite of Heaven,

Their inward lost : witness the irreverent son Or from Heaven, claiming second sovranty ;

Of him who built the ark; who, for the shame And from rebellion shall derive his name,

Done to his father, heard this heavy curse, Though of rebellion others he accuse.

Servant of servants, on his vicious race. He with a crew, whom like ambition joins Thus will this latter, as the former world, With him or under him to tyrannize,

Still tend from bad to worse ; till God at last, Marching from Eden towards the west, shall find Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw The plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge His presence from among them, and avert Boils out from under ground, the mouth of Hell : His holy eyes; resolving from thenceforth Of brick, and of that stuff, they cast to build To leave them to their own polluted ways; A city and tower, whose lop may reach to And one peculiar nation to select Heaven;

From all the rest, of whom to be invok'd, And get themselves a name ; lest, far dispers'd A nation from one faithful man to spring : In foreign lands, their memory be lost;

Him on this side Euphrates yet residing, Regardless whether good or evil fame.

Bred up in idol-worship: 0, that men But God, who oft descends to visit men

(Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid Unseen, and through their habitations walks

grown,

[flood, To mark their duings, them beholding soon, While yet the patriarch liv'd, who 'scap'd the Comes down to see their city, ere the tower As to forsake the living God, and fall Obstruct Heaven-towers; and in derision sets To worship their own work in wood and stone Upon their tongues a various spirit, to rase For guds! Yet him God the Most High vouchQuite out their native language; and, instead,

safes To sow a jangling noise of words unknown : To call by vision, from his father's house, Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud,

His kindred, and false gods, into a land Among the builders ; each to other calls

Which he will show him; and from him will Not understood; till hoarse, and all in rage, A mighty nation; and upon him shower (raise As mock'd they storm: great laughter was in His benediction so, that in his seed Heaven,

All nations shall be blest : he straight obeys; And looking down, to see the hubbub strange, Not knowing to what land, yet firm believes : And hear the din: thus was the building left I see him, but thou canst not, with what faith Ridiculous, and the work Confusion nam’d." He leaves his gods, his friends, and native soil,

Whereto thus Adam, fatherly displeas'd. Ur of Chaldæa, passing now the ford • O execrable son! so to aspire

To Haran; after him a cumbrous train Above bis brethren; to himself assuming Of herds and focks, and numerous servitude;

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