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Ver. 257, Scylla would weepe, [tion

She might be free from perill where she is,
Chiding her barking waves into atten-

But where an equal poise of hope and
It was at first And chide.

fear. Ver. 268. Lit'st here with Pan and Sylvan.- For encounter he had first written passado, and Ver. 270. To touch the prospering growth of this hopes and fears ; and Beshrew me but I would, intall wood.

stead of I could be willing. Ver. 279. Could that divide you from thire Ver. 415. As you imagin, brother : she has a ushering hands.

hidden strength. Ver. 280. They left me wearied on a grassie Ver. 421. She that has that, is clad in compleate turf.

steele: Ver. 304. To help you find them out.

And may on every needsul accident, Ver. 310. Without sure steerage of well prac

Be it not don in pride or wilfull tempting, tiz'd feet.

Walk through huge forests and unVer. 312. Dingle or bushie dell of this wide

barbour'd heaths, wood.

Infamous hills, and sandie perilous In a different hand “ wild wood.”

[Chastitie, Ver. 316. Within these shroudie limits.

Where, through the sacred awe of Ver. 321. Till further quest be made.

No savage fierce, bandite, or mounVer. 323. And smoakie rafters.

taneere, Ver. 326. And is pretended yet.

Shall dare to soile her virgin puritie. Ver. 327. Less warranted than this I cannot be. Ver. 428. Yea, even where very desolation Ver. 329. Square this trya).


(horrid shades, After v. 330, STAGE-DIRECTION.


By grots and caverns shagg'd with
The two Brothers enter.

And yawning dens, where glaring mon-
Ver. 340. With a long-levell’d rule of streaming

sters house, light.

She may pass on, &c. Ver. 349. In this sad dungeon of innumerous The line And yawning, &c. is crossed, and there. boughs.

fore omitted, I suppose, in the printed copies. But first lone, then sad, and lastly close.

Ver. 432. Nay more, no evill thing, &c.
Ver, 352. From the chill dew, in this dead soli- Ver. 433. In fog, or fire, by lake, or mourie fen,
(ster now,

Blue wrinkled hag, or stubborne un-
Perhaps some cold banke is her boul-

laid ghost.
Or 'gainst the rugged barke of some

Ver. 448. That wise Minerva wore, æternal virgin.
broad elme

Then, unvanquish'd, then, unconquer'd.
She leanes her thoughtfull head musing Ver. 452. With suddaine adoration of her pure-

at our unkindnesse:
Or lost in wild amazement and affright, Then, bright raycs, then, blank awe.
So fares, as did fursaken Proserpine, Ver. 454. That when it finds a soul sincerely so.
When the big rowling flakes of pitchie Ver. 465. And most by the lascivious act of sin.
And darknesse wound her in. (clouds Ver. 471. Oft seene in charnel vaults, and mo-
1 Br. Peace, brother, peace, I do not

think my sister, &c.

Hovering, and sitting by a newe-made Dead solitude is also surrounding wild. Some of

grave. the additional lines (v. 350—366.) are on a sepa- Ver. 481. List, list, methought I heard. rate slip of paper.

Ver. 485. Some curl'd man of the sword calling to Ver. 361. Which, grant they be so, &c.

his fellows. Ver. 362. The date of grief.

Hedger is also, written over curl'd man of the Ver. 365. This self-delusion.

sword. Ver. 371. Could stirre the stable mood of her | Ver. 490. Had best looke to his forehead: here calme thoughts.

be brambles. Ver. 376. Oft seeks to solitarie sweet retire. STAGE-DIRECTION. He hallows : the guardian Ver. 383. Walks in black vapours, though the damon hallows again, and enters in the habit of a noon-lide brand

shepherd.Blaze in the summer solstice.

Ver. 49). Come not too neere; you fall on Ver. 388. of men or heards.

pointed stakes else.
Ver. 390. For who would rob a hermit of his Ver. 192. Dæm. What voice, &c.

Ver. 496. And sweeten'd every musk-rose of the
His books, or his haire gowne, or ma.


Ver. 497. How cam'st thou heere good shepVer. 400. Bid me think.

herd? Ver. 403. Uninjur'd in this vast and hideous wild. Ver. 498. Leapt ore the penne.At first “this wide surrounding wast."

Then, his fold;" Then “ the fold.
Ver. 409. Secure, without all doubt or question : Ver. 512. What feares, good shepherd ?

(darke, to trie Ver. 513. I'll tell you.
I could be willing, though now ith Ver. 523. Deep learnt in all his mother's
A tough encounter with the shaggiest


(circuit, | It had been first written, Enur'd; and lastly
That lurks by hedge or lane of this dead Deep skill'd.
To have her by my side, though I were Ver. 531. Tending my flocks hard by i' th' pas



tur'd lawns.


Ver. 545. With spreading honey-suckle. for before, Cumus's first speech was uninterrupto Then blowing, then flaunting.

edly continued thus, Ver. 548. but, ere the close.

“ Root-bound, that Aed Apollo. Why' Ver. 553. Drowey frighted steeds.

do you frown?" Ver. 555. At last a softe and solemn breathing Ver. 669. That youth and fancie can beget, sound

When the briske blood growes lively.Rose like the softe steame of distilld | In the former line it was also written “ can inperfumes.

vent;" and in the latter blood returnes.” So he had at first written these lines : in the Ver. 678. To life so friendly, and so coole to former of which suste is altered to still, then to


[ing sweet, and lastly re-admitted; but in the latter

Poor ladie thou hast need of some refreshsofte is erased, and the line is completed thus :

Why should you, &c.-Rose like the steam of slow distillid After v. 697, the pine lines now standing were perfumes.

introduced instead of Poore ladie, &c." as But slow is altered to rich. Possibly Gray had above. noticed this very curious passage in Milton's ma- Ver. 687. That hasi been tired all day.nuscript; for, in his Progress of Poesy, he calls Ver. 689. Heere fair virgio. the Æolian lyre

Ver. 695. Ougly-headed monsters. “ Parent of sweet and solemn breathing Ver. 696. Hence with thy hel-brew'd opiate. airs :"

Then foule-bru'rl, then breu'd enchantments. which is Milton's second alteration of ver. 555. Ver. 698. With visor'd falshood and base surVer. 563. Too well I might perceive.

gerics. Ver. 574. The helplesse innocent lady.-- Ver. 707. To those budge doctors of the Stois Ver. 605. Harpyes and hydras, or all the mon

gowne. strous buggs.

Ver. 712. Covering the earth with odours and "Twixt Africa and Inde, l'le find him

with fruites,

(numerable, out,


Cramming the seas with spawne inAnd force him to release his new-got

The fields with cattell, and the aire with Or drag him by the curles, and cleave

his scalpe

Ver. 717. To adorn her sons-
Down to the hips.

But deck is the first reading, then adorn, then Ver. 611. But here thy steele can do thee small deck again. availe.

Ver. 721. Should in a pet of temperance feed Little stead is here crossed, and marked for re

on fetches. admission, as praise in v. 176.

But pulse was the first reading, At last, resumed, V'er. 614. He with his bare wand can unquilt thy Ver. 727. Living as nature's bastards, not her

And crumble every sinew.

Ver. 732. The sea orefraught would heave her Ver. 627. And shew me simples of a thousand

waters up

[monds hues.

Above the stars, and th' unsought diaVer. 636. And yet more med'cinal than that

Would so bestudde the center with thire ancient Moly


[deep, Which Mercury to wise Ulysses gave.

And so imblaze the forehead of the Ver. 640. 'Gainst all inchantments, mildew blast,

Were they not taken thence, that they or damp.

below So this line is pointed in the MS.

Would grow enur'd to day, and come Ver. 618. As I will give you as we go, [or, on

at last. the way] you may,

Ver. 737. List, ladie, be not coy, nor be not Boldly assault the necromantik hall;

cozen'd. Where if he be, with suddaine violence Here nor had been erased, and again written over And brandisht blade rush on him, the rasure; and afterwards and Mr. Wharton break his glasse,

[ground, omits both, and says that “ Milton seems to have And powre the lushious potion on the sounded coy as a dissyllable; as also coarse at And seize bis wand.

v. 749.” But the manuscript silences the reVer. 657. I follow thee,

mark, as far as it relates to this line, And good heaven cast his best regard Ver. 744. It withers on the stalke and fades Ex.

away. After v. 658, STAGE DIRECTION. “ The scene Ver. 749. They had thire name thence; coarse changes to a stately palace, set out with all man

beetle brus's. ner of deliciousness: tables spread with all dain- Ver. 751. The sample.ties. Comus is discovered with his rabble : and Ver. 755. Think what, and luok upon this cordial the lady set in an inchanted chaire. She offers

julep. to rise."

Then follow verses from v. 672–705. From v. Ver. 661. And you a statue fixt, as Daphne 779 to 806, the lines are not in the manuscript,

but were added afterwards. Ver. 662. Fool, thou art over-proud, do not Ver. 763. As if she meant her children, &c. boast.

Ver. 806.- Come y' are too morall. This whole speech of the Lady, and the first verse Ver. 807. This is mere moral stuff, the very of the next of Comus, were added in the margin :



upon us.


And settings of a melancholy blood; Temperance is a marginal reading. Patience had
But this, &c.

been first written and erased ; and is restored After v. 813. STAGE-DIRECTION. “ The brothers by the line drawn underneath it, as at praise, v. rush in, strike his glasse down: the [munsters, 176. It is also again written over temperance, then) shapes make as though they would resist, but erased in the margin. are all driven in. Damon enters with them." Ver. 973. To a crowne of deathlesse bays. Ver. 814. What have you let the false enchau- | After v. 975, STAGE-DIRECTION

Dæmon ter pass ?

sings or says." Ver. 816. Without his art reverst.

Ver. 976. These concluding lyrics are twice Ver. 818. We cannot free the lady that remains. written in pp. 28, 29, of the MS. the first are And, here sits.

crossed. Ver. 821. There is another way that may be Ver. 979. Up in the plaine fields. us'd.

Ver. 982. Of Atlas and his daughters thrce. Ver. 826. Sabrina is her name, a goddess chaste. Hesperus is written over Atlas, and neeces over Then erased; then virgin before goildess, and pure daughters: but daughters are distinguished by after chaste.

the line underneath, although it had been erased; Ver. 829. She, guiltlesse damsel, Aying the mad which is not the case with Allas. See Mr. persuite.

Whiter's acute remark on this circumstance, Ver. 831, To the streame.

Specimen &c. as above, p. 133. But first “the flood.

Ver. 983. After “the goulden tree,” he had Ver. 834. Held up thire white wrists and re- written, but crossed, ceav'd her in,

Where grows the high-borne gold upon And bore her straite to aged Nereus

his native tree. hall.

Ver. 984. This verse and the three following Ver. 845. Helping all urchin blasts, and ill-luck

were added. signes

[lights to leave ; Ver. 988. That there eternal Summer dwells. That the shrewd meddling elfe de- Ver. 990. About the myrtle alleys fling And often takes our catkel with strange

Balm and cassia's fragrant smells. pinches.

Ver. 992. Iris there with garnisht (then garish] Which she, Sc.

bow. Ver. 849. Carrol her goodnesse loud in lively Ver. 995. Then her watchet scarf can shew. Jayes.

This is in the first copy of the Lyrics. In the And lovely, from lively.

second, Ver. 851. Of pansies, and of bonnie daffadils.

Then her purfled scarf can shew, Ver. 853. Each clasping charme, and secret hold

Yellow watchet, greene, and blew, ing spell.

And drenches oft with manna (then Ver. 857. In honour'd virtue's cause : this will I

Sabæan] dew trie.

Beds of hyacinth and roses, And in the margin “ In hard distressed need."

Where many a cherub soft reposes. Then follows, “And adde the power of some But “ Yellow, watchet, greene, and blew,” is strong verse." Adjuring is a marginal correction. crossed in the second copy. What relates to Ver. 860. Listen, virgin, where thou silst. Adonis, and to Cupid and Psyche, was afterwards Before v. 867, is written, “ To be said.

added. Ver. 879. By dead Parthenope's dear tomb,&c. Ver. 1012. Now my message for buisnesse) well This and the three following lines are crossed.

is done. Ver. 895. That my rich wheeles inlayes.

Ver. 1014. Farre beyond the earth's end, Ver. 910. Vertuous ladie, look on me.

Where the welkin low doth bend. Ver. 921. To waite on Ampbitrite in her bowre. He had also written “ the welkin cleere." And Ver, 924. May thy crystal waves for this.

" the earth's greene end.” Ver. 927. That tumble downe from snowie hills. Ver. 1023. Heav'n itselfe would bow to her. Ver. 948. Where this night are come in state.

The following readings, which have occurred in Ver. 951. All the swains that near abide. Ver. 956. Come let us haste, the stars are high.

this manuscript, will he found in Lawes's edi

tion of Comus in 1637. They were altered in But night reignes monarch yet in the

Milton's own edition of 1645. mid skie. STAGE-DIRECTIONS. " Erennt. The scene

Ver. 195. Stolne. changes, and then is presented Ludlow town, and Ver. 214. Flitlering. the president's castle: then enter country

Ver. 251. She smild. dances and such like gambols, &c. Al these sports Ver. 472. Hovering. the Damon, with the two Brothers and the Lady, Ver. 513. I'll tell you. enters. The damon sings."

Ver. 608. Or cleuve his scalpe down to the hippes, Ver. 962. Of nimbler toes, and courtly guise,

Such as Hermes did devise. In the former line “such neat guise," had also been written. After v. 965. No STAGE-DIRECTION, only “ 2 VARIOUS READINGS OF THE MASK OP Comus, Song."

BELONGING TO THE DUKE OF BRIDGWATER. Ver. 971. Thire faith, thire temperance, and thire truth.

Having been favoured with the use of this TOL. TII.


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v. 147,

manuscript by the rev. Francis Henry Egerton, Then follows “ Before the starrie threshold I printed it entire in 1798.

of Jove's courte, &c.” I have numbered the I then supposed it to be one of the many succeeding verses so as to correspond with the copies written before the mask was published, printed copy; in order that the reader may by Henry Lawes, who, on his editing it in 1637, compare both by an immediate reference: complained in bis dedication to Jord Brackley, Ver. 12. Yet some there be, that with due stepps that “ the oflen copying it had tired his pen :" or,

aspire. at least, to be a transcript of his copy. And I Ver. 46. Bacchus, that first from out the purple am still of the same opinion.

grapes. I mentioned that, at the bottom of the title- Ver. 58. Which therefore she brought up, and page to this manuscript, the second earl of

Comus nam'd. Bridgewater, who had performed the part of the Ver. 83. These my skye webs, spun out of Iris Elder Brother, has written“ Author Io: Milton.

wooffe. This, in my opinion, may be considered as no STAGE-DIRECTION after v. 92. “ Comus enters slight testimony, that the manuscript presents with a charminge rod in one hand and a glass the original form of this drama. The mask was of liquor in the other; with him a route of acted in 1634, and was first published by Lawes monsters like men and women but headed like in 1637, at which time it had certainly been cor- wild beasts, &c." rected, although it was not then openly acknow- Ver. 99. Shoots against the Northerne pole. ledged', by its author. The alterations and ad. Ver. 123. Night'has better sweets to prove. ditions, therefore, which the printed poem ex- SraGE-DIRECTION after v. 144. «The Measure hibits, might not have been made till long after in a wild, rude, and wanton antic :" And after the representation; perhaps, not till Lawes had

they all scatter." expressed his determination to publish it. The Ver. 170. This waye the noise was, if my care coincidence of Lawes's Original Music with cer

be true. tain peculiarities in this manuscript, which I Ver. 191. But where they are, and whye they have already stated in the Account of HENRY

come not back. LAWES, may also favour this supposition. The three beautiful lines, preceding this verse

Most of the various readings in this manu- in the printed copies, are wanting in this MS. script agree with Milton's original readings in the Ver. 195. Had stolnethem from me. Cambridge manuscript; a few are peculiar to The remaining hemistich, and the thirty follow. itself. Since I published the edition of Comus in ing lines, which the other copies exhibit, are 1798, I have examined the latter; and have not in this MS. found a closer agreement between the two ma- Ver. 229. Prompt me, and they perhaps are not nuscripts than I had reason, from the collations

farr hence. of that at Cambridge by Dr. Newton and Mr. Ver. 241. Sweete queene of parlie, daughter lo Warton, to have supposed.

the sphere. This manuscript resembles Milton's also in Ver. 243. And hould a counterpuinle to all heav'n's the circumstance of beginning most of the verses

harmonies. with small letters.

STAGE-DIRECTION after v. 243. " Comus looks The poem opens with the following twenty in and speakes." lines, which in all other copies, hitherto known Ver. 252. Of darkness till she smild! to the public, form part of the Spirit's epilogue. Ver. 256. Whoe, when they sung, woull lake STAGE-DIRECTION. “ The first sceane discovers a

the prison'd soule, wild wood, then a guardion spiritt or dæmon Ver. 270. To touch the prosperinge growth of descendles or enters."

this tall wood.

Ver. 297. Their porte was more than humane From the heavens now I flye,

as they stood, And those happy clymes that lye

So this line is pointed in the manuscript. ComWhere daye never shutts his eye,

pare note on Com. v. 297. Vp in the broad field of the skye.

Ver. 300. That in the cooleness of the raynebor
There I suck the liquid ayre

All amidst the gardens fayre

Ver. 312. Dingle, or bushie dell, of this side
Of Hesperus, and his daughters three

wood. That singe about the goulden tree.

Ver. 349. In this lone dungeon of inumerous There eternall summer dwells,

bows. And west wyndes, with muskye singe, Ver. 356. Or els in wild amazement and affright, About the Cederne allyes flinge

Sve fares as did forsaken Proserpine, Nard and cassia's balmie smells.

When the bigg rowling flakes of pitchie Iris there with humid bowe

clouds Waters the odorous bankes, that blowe

And darkness wound her in : EL. BRO. Flowers of more mingled hew

peace, brother, peace, Then her purfled scarfe can shew,

Ver. 370. (Not beinge in danger, as I hope she Yellowe, watchett, greene, and bleu,

is not.) And drenches oft with manna dew

Ver. 383. Walks in black vapours, though the Beds of hyacinth and roses,

noon-tyde brand Where many a cherub soft reposes.

Blaze in the summer solstice.

Ver. 388. Far from the cheerful haunte of mer See Lawes's Dedication.

or heards.




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Ver. 398. You may as well spreade out the un- After v. 631, the six lines which follow in the sum'd heapes


printed copy are not in this MS. Of misers treasures by an outlawes Ver. 647. Thirsis, lead on apace, I follwe And tell me it is safe, as bid me hope

thee. Dainger will winke at opportunitie, In the Stage-DIRECTION after v. 658, soft music And she a single helpless maiden passe is not mentioned in this MS. Vninjur'd in this wide surrounding Ver. 678. To life soe friendly, or soe coole' to' wast.

thirst; Ver. 409. Secure, without all doubt or question,

Poore ladie, thou hast need of some re

freshinge, I could be willing, though now i'th

That hast been tired aldaye without darke, to trie


repast, A tough encounter with the shaggies!

A timely rest hast wanted. heere, fayre That lurks by hedge or lane of this dead

virgin, circuit,


This will restore all soone.
To have her by my side, though I were After v. 696, the four lines which follow in the
She might be free from perill where she is, printed copy are not in this MS.
But, where an equal poise of hope and Ver. 709. Praisinge the leane and shallow Absti-

feare, &c. Ver. 415. As you imagine, brother; she has a hid- The same corrupt reading accidentally occurs in den strength.

a modern duodecimo edition of Milton's Poeti. Ver. 426. Noe salvage, feirce bandite, or moun- cal Works. taneere.

Ver. 732. The sea orefraught would swell, and th: In the manuscript a comma is placed both after

vnsought diamonds salvage and feirce : the former may be retain

Would soe emblaze with starrs, that ed; and we might read fierce bandite, instead

they belowe of savage fierce in the printed copies. And

Would growe enur'd to light, and come thus Pope, Essay on Man, Ep. iv. v. 41.

at last No bandit fierce, no tyrant mad with pride.

To gaze vpon the sunn with shameless Ver. 428. Yea eten, where very desolac on

browes. dwells

The transcriber's eye here perhaps bastily passed By grots and caverns shag'd with horrid from emblaze to with'starrs, which, in the printshades,

ed copies, the succeeding line presents. See And yawninge denns,where glaringe mon- Com. v. 733, 734. The next nineteen lines in sters house.

the printed copies, after browes, viz. from y. Ver. 432. Naye more, noe evill thinge that walks 736, to v. 756, are not in this MS. by night.

Ver. 758. Would thinke to charme my judgment, Ver. 437. Has hurtęfull power ore true virgi

as my eyes. nitie :

Ver. 772. Nature's full blessinge would be well Doe you beleeve me yet, &c.

dispenst. Ver. 448. The wise Minerva wore, vnconquer'd Ver. 777. Ne'er looks to Heav'n amidst his gorvirgin.

geous feasts. Ver. 460. Begins to cast a beam on th' outward

But with besotted base ingratitude shape.

Crams, and blaspheames his feeder. Ver. 465. And most by lewde lascivious act of sin. After feeder the following lines in the printed coVer. 472. Hoveringe, and sitting by a new made pies, viz. from v. 779, to v. 806, are not in this grave.

MS. STAGE DIRECTION after v. 489. “ He hallowes Ver. 810. And sellinge of a melancholy bloud.

and is answered, the guardian dæmon comes in, STAGE-DIRECTION after v. 813. " The brothers habited like a shepheard.”'

rushe in with swords drawne, wrest his glasse Ver. 497. How cam'st here, good shepheard? hath of liquor out of his hand, and brake it against any ram, &c.

the ground; his rowte make signe of resistance, Ver. 513. Ile tell you, tis not rain or fabulous. but are all driven in, the Demon is to come in Ver. 555. At last a sweele and solemne breath- with the brothers." inge sound,

Ver. 814. What, have yee let the false enchaunter Rose like the softe steame of distillid perfumes,

Ver. 821. Some other meanes I have that may And stole vpon the aire.

be vsed. These variations present this charming passage, I | Ver. 828. Whoe had the scepter from his father think, with as strong effect as the other copies.

Ver. 563. Too well I might perceive &c. Ver. 847. is wanting in this MS.
Ver. 581. How are you joya'd with Hell in triple

STAGE-DIRECTION after v. 866." The verse to singe Ver. 605. Harpies and Hydraes, or all the monstrous buggs.

Ver. 867. Listen, and appear to vs, Ver. 608. Or drag him by the curles, and cleave In name of greate Oceanus, his scalpe

By th’Earth-shakinge Neptune's mace, Downe to the hipps.

And Tethis grave majestick pace.

scape ?

or not.'

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