Farewell to the Party Model?: Independent Local Lists in East and West European Countries

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Marion Reiser, Everhard Holtmann
Springer Science & Business Media, May 14, 2008 - Political Science - 290 pages
Marion Reiser, Everhard Holtmann Local independent lists as political actors are a common phenomenon on the local level in many European countries – in established Western democracies as well as in the ‘new’ democracies in Central and Eastern Europe. In some West European countries, these non-partisan groups have been an established and stable element in the local political system for decades. Ty- cally, they understand themselves as protectors of a harmonious factual political style. In their opinion, good local politics is not compatible with party politics so they consequently perceive themselves as non-parties. During the last two d- ades, presence and success of local lists have steadily increased in these co- tries. Furthermore, during the last years local lists emerged also in countries which had been formerly fully party-politicised on the local level. Explanations offered for these developments are often based on the observation of a general decline of trust in established parties and politicians. Hence, it has been argued that the disenchantment with political parties is a fertile ground for local lists. For the Central and East European countries, this argument can be - ployed only to a certain extent. Local lists established themselves in the early 1990’s as important actors on the local level especially due to a lack of party organisation in the process of democratic consolidation.
 

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Contents

Introduction
8
Local Lists in Europe
11
Local Lists in the Czech Republic
20
In Search for a Composite Theoretical Frame
39
Local and National Parties in Hungary
62
Citizen Democracy versus Cartel Parties
85
Nonparty Lists in Local Election in Poland
105
Independent Local Lists in East and West Germany
127
All Politics is Local Partisan or National? Local Lists in Belgium
169
Local Parties in Sweden
194
Independent Lists in Norwegian Local Politics
211
Independents and Citizens Groups in Portuguese Municipalities
233
Small Parties Independents and Political Associations in English Local Politics
253
Independent Local Lists in East and West European Countries
277
List of Contributors
295
Copyright

Anomaly or Prototype?
149

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About the author (2008)

Reiser, Marion, Dr., is Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Political Science at the Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg.
Holtmann, Everhard, Dr., is Professor of Political Science at the Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg.

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