Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National Socialism during the French Fin de Siecle

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SUNY Press, 2006 - History - 315 pages
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Post-Marxists argue that nationalism is the black hole into which Marxism has collapsed at today’s “end of history.” Robert Stuart analyzes the origins of this implosion, revealing a shattering collision between Marxist socialism and national identity in France at the close of the nineteenth century. During the time of the Boulanger crisis and the Dreyfus affair, nationalist mobs roamed the streets chanting “France for the French!” while socialist militants marshaled proletarians for world revolution. This is the first study to focus on those militants as they struggled to reconcile Marxism’s two national agendas: the cosmopolitan conviction that “workingmen have no country,” on the one hand, and the patriotic assumption that the working class alone represents national authenticity, on the other. Anti-Semitism posed a particular problem for such socialists, not least because so many workers had succumbed to racist temptation. In analyzing the resultant encounter between France’s anti-Semites and the Marxist Left, Stuart addresses the vexed issue of Marxism’s involvement with political anti-Semitism.
 

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Contents

For Us the World The Guesdists against the Nation
9
Dupes of Patriotism Nationalism as Bourgeois Hegemony
29
National Economics Protection Migrant Laborand French Marxism
49
4 Proletarian Patriotism The Guesdists and the Nationalist Temptation
71
Savage Brutal and Bestial MentalitiesThe Guesdists and Racism
93
A Class of Madmen Marxists Confront National Socialism
137
Appendix A Ideology and Terminology
179
Appendix B Bibliographical Note
183
Notes
185
Bibliography
271
Index
301
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About the author (2006)

Robert Stuart is Associate Professor of History at the University of Western Australia and the author of Marxism at Work: Ideology, Class, and French Socialism during the Third Republic.

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