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EXPLANATORY NOTES,

ACCOMPANIED ALSO BY

EXERCISES IN PARSING AND SYNTAX.

DESIGNED CHIEFLY FOR HIS OWN PUPILS,

BY THE REV. J. ELLIS, JUN.

(VICAR OF EBBERSTON.)

“ Though Grammar be usually amongst the first things
taught, it is always one of the last understood.'

HORNE TOOKE.

93.

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INTRODUCTION.

My Dear Pupils,

You have been carefully conducted during the helpless state of infancy to more increased years—to an age capable of some proficiency in the different branches of scholastic acquirements. The parental anxiety evinced to me for your attainments in every thing, which is praiseworthy in knowledge, and amiable in virtue, proves, how much your future welfare is believed to depend on the infuence of early and proper instruction. It is a competent Education, with God's grace, that can enable you to become useful to society, and valuable to your friends :-It can secure to you comfort under all circumstances, and in every situation on earth, Display then a perseverance in your studies equal to the object, which you have to gain. You must in a few years forego the advantages of School, in or. der to act your part in professional, commercial, or agricul. tural engagements. And though you may for a while have the advice and assistance of your parents, yet ere long they must be taken from you. Your success in the world must then rest with your individual ability and conduct. A useful, and in some cases an ornamental education is indispen. sable to the prosperity, comfort, and happiness of man. But so short is human life, and so great a portion of it is consumed in obtaining the useful literary information. that it gives importance to our time, and shows, that teachers should accelerate the progress of their pupils, by adopting such books and measures, as would readily tend to facilitate their improvement. I have felt convinced from several years' experience in tuition, that the customary method for the acquisition of learning does not make so strong an im. pression on the mind, as putting the subject in the way of question and answer. Being impressed with this idea, I

have undertaken the compilation of the fullowing pages. In doing which, I have cautiously given the answers in the Author's own language. And, for the purpose of explaining the most difficult terms which are used by Mr. Murray, I have added several Notes, which I trust may be found both satisfactory and useful. They may perhaps be thought rather numerous; but when it is considered, that we have so many significant words, which are of Greek or Latin or. igin, and which have never been thoroughly understood by a mere English Student, it was requisite that those of such extraction should be properly defined for the necessary edi. fication of the Scholar. Should this little volume attract the attention of any who are engaged in the instruction of youth, I respectfully solicit a fair and impartial reading. And, as I have no other object in its publication, than to secure the advancement of youth in Grammar, I shall rejoice if, under the blessing of God, it contribute to the knowledge

but especially of those, for whom it is more immediately designed.

I have the honour to be,

of any,

Your very Affectionate Teacher,

JOHN ELLIS,

Ebberston Vicarage, 1837.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

Question. What is English Grammar ?

Answer. English Grammar* is the art of speaking and writing the English Language with propriety.

Q. Into how many parts is it divided ?.

A. It is divided into four parts, viz. Orthography, Etymology, Syntax, and Prosody.

ORTHOGRAPHY.

OF THE LETTERS.

Q. What does Orthography teach?

A. Orthography † teaches the nature, and powers of letters, and the just method of spelling words.

Q. What is a letter?

A. A lettert is the first principle, or least part of a word.

Q. How many letters are there in the Eng

lish language ?

Grammar is derived from the Greek word gramma, a letter.

+ From the Greek orthographia, (orthos right, grapho to write,) the correct manner of writing or spelling, # From the Latin litera, a letter or character.

A

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