## Fundamentals of Structural GeologyFundamentals of Structural Geology provides a new framework for the investigation of geological structures by integrating field mapping and mechanical analysis. Assuming a basic knowledge of physical geology, introductory calculus and physics, it emphasizes the observational data, modern mapping technology, principles of continuum mechanics, and the mathematical and computational skills, necessary to quantitatively map, describe, model, and explain deformation in Earth's lithosphere. By starting from the fundamental conservation laws of mass and momentum, the constitutive laws of material behavior, and the kinematic relationships for strain and rate of deformation, the authors demonstrate the relevance of solid and fluid mechanics to structural geology. This book offers a modern quantitative approach to structural geology for advanced students and researchers in structural geology and tectonics. It is supported by a website hosting images from the book, additional colour images, student exercises and MATLAB scripts. Solutions to the exercises are available to instructors. |

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### Contents

Preface page ix | 5 |

Structural mapping techniques and tools | 25 |

Characterizing structures using differential | 75 |

Physical quantities fields dimensions | 120 |

Deformation and flow | 152 |

Force traction and stress | 194 |

Conservation of mass and momentum | 243 |

Elastic deformation | 287 |

Brittle behavior | 333 |

Viscous flow | 384 |

Rheological behavior | 421 |

Model development and methodology | 456 |

478 | |

497 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

acting angle applied approximately axes base behavior body boundary called Chapter circle compressive compressive stress consider constant coordinate curvature curve defined deformation derivative described determined dike direction displacement distribution elastic element equal equations example extension fault field flow fluid fold force fracture function geological geometry given illustrated initial layer length linear loading magnitude mass material measured mechanical motion normal normal stress Note orientation origin parallel particle physical plane plate Pollard position pressure principal problem projection properties quantities range ratio referred region relationship relative represent respect rock scale shape shear shown side slip solution sphere strain strength stress components structures surface tangent tangent vector tests thickness tion traction unit vector velocity vertical viscous volume zero