## Coherent and Nonlinear Lightwave CommunicationsThis is a practical source on recent developments in coherent and nonlinear lightwave communications. The book systematically presents up-to-date explanations of all the relevant physical principles and recent research in this emerging area. Providing an unparallelled engineering-level treatment (with 700 equations), this reference also describes the progression of coherent and nonlinear technology from yesterday's experimental field to today's practical applications tool. This work is intended as a tool for research telecommunication engineers, applications engineers working with broadband telecom systems and networks, and postgraduate students. |

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Page 68

At the same time , the polarization of the light at the

same as the polarization of the light at the crystal input . The phase difference

increases with the increase in the direct voltage . When A = 7 / 2 , the

will ...

At the same time , the polarization of the light at the

**output**of the crystal is thesame as the polarization of the light at the crystal input . The phase difference

increases with the increase in the direct voltage . When A = 7 / 2 , the

**output**lightwill ...

Page 126

The optical mixing is accompanied by the phase shift , or rather the phase

diversity , of a radians between two

Thus , the following equation between the

the ...

The optical mixing is accompanied by the phase shift , or rather the phase

diversity , of a radians between two

**output**optical signals from the optical mixer .Thus , the following equation between the

**output**and the input optical signals atthe ...

Page 216

section are N , and oś , respectively , the mean value and the variance of the

photon number at the

respectively , as < N > , = IN ( 8 . 41 ) and oi = To ( 8 . 42 ) On the other hand , the

mean ...

section are N , and oś , respectively , the mean value and the variance of the

photon number at the

**output**end of the optical section can be expressed ,respectively , as < N > , = IN ( 8 . 41 ) and oi = To ( 8 . 42 ) On the other hand , the

mean ...

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### Contents

Preface | 5 |

Coherent Optical Receiver Sensitivity | 15 |

Optical Transmitters for Coherent Lightwave Systems | 61 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

according amplifier amplitude applied assumed bandwidth becomes carrier caused channels Chapter characteristics coefficient coherent optical receiver Communications components condition considered constant continuous wave corresponding defined density depends described detection scheme determined difference direct dispersion distance distribution effect Electron emission energy equal equation Erbium error probability evaluated expressed factor Figure filter frequency function gain given Hence heterodyne homodyne IEEE/OSA incoming increase influence input integral laser length light lightwave systems Lightwave Techn limit loss means methods mode modulation noise nonlinear obtained operation optical amplifiers optical fiber optical oscillator optical power optical receiver optical signal output parameters phase photodiode photons polarization possible practical presents propagation pulse pump Quantum Raman ratio realization referent region resonator respectively scattering semiconductor laser shift soliton spectral spectral linewidth spontaneous stimulated takes term transmission variance wave wavelength