## Coherent and Nonlinear Lightwave CommunicationsThis is a practical source on recent developments in coherent and nonlinear lightwave communications. The book systematically presents up-to-date explanations of all the relevant physical principles and recent research in this emerging area. Providing an unparallelled engineering-level treatment (with 700 equations), this reference also describes the progression of coherent and nonlinear technology from yesterday's experimental field to today's practical applications tool. This work is intended as a tool for research telecommunication engineers, applications engineers working with broadband telecom systems and networks, and postgraduate students. |

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Page 119

70 ) is obtained by application of the linear supposition principle , assuming that

only noise contributes to the

modulation and other disturbances cause their own partial

70 ) is obtained by application of the linear supposition principle , assuming that

only noise contributes to the

**variance**of instantaneous phase of the VCO . Themodulation and other disturbances cause their own partial

**variances**, which ...Page 120

70 ) is essential for determining the value of phase

optical receiver . It is important to consider the dependence of such a

the optical - source phase fluctuations ( phase noise ) or to consider the ...

70 ) is essential for determining the value of phase

**variance**in the coherentoptical receiver . It is important to consider the dependence of such a

**variance**onthe optical - source phase fluctuations ( phase noise ) or to consider the ...

Page 121

( 203 ) exp ( 2pp cos ) , 191 < ( 4 . 78 ) where 1 is the modified Bessel function of

the first kind and the zero - th order . The

is ( 4 . 79 ) By the Jacobi - Anger transformation [ 8 ] , exp ( u cos q ) = lo ( u ) + 21

...

( 203 ) exp ( 2pp cos ) , 191 < ( 4 . 78 ) where 1 is the modified Bessel function of

the first kind and the zero - th order . The

**variance**of phase difference for ( 4 . 78 )is ( 4 . 79 ) By the Jacobi - Anger transformation [ 8 ] , exp ( u cos q ) = lo ( u ) + 21

...

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### Contents

Preface | 5 |

Coherent Optical Receiver Sensitivity | 15 |

Optical Transmitters for Coherent Lightwave Systems | 61 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

according amplifier amplitude applied assumed bandwidth becomes carrier caused channels Chapter characteristics coefficient coherent optical receiver Communications components condition considered constant continuous wave corresponding defined density depends described detection scheme determined difference direct dispersion distance distribution effect Electron emission energy equal equation Erbium error probability evaluated expressed factor Figure filter frequency function gain given Hence heterodyne homodyne IEEE/OSA incoming increase influence input integral laser length light lightwave systems Lightwave Techn limit loss means methods mode modulation noise nonlinear obtained operation optical amplifiers optical fiber optical oscillator optical power optical receiver optical signal output parameters phase photodiode photons polarization possible practical presents propagation pulse pump Quantum Raman ratio realization referent region resonator respectively scattering semiconductor laser shift soliton spectral spectral linewidth spontaneous stimulated takes term transmission variance wave wavelength