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and sustainable than we are today - across the full spectrum of military operations as an integral member of a cohesive joint team.
The Nation will continue to face adaptive, asymmetric threats that capitalize on the power of information. To dominate and maintain superiority over these emerging challenges. The Army is changing the way we fight - a paradigm shift more significant rhan the 20th Century's introduction of the rank and the helicopter. The Army is changing from sequential and linear operations to distributed and simultaneous operations. The Objective force - characterized by networks of people enabled with systems that provide actionable information and decision superiority ■ will dissuade, deter or decisively defeat our adversaries anvume, anyplace, and anywhere.
The Objective Force will consist of command structures scaled to meet Joint Force Commander requirements and modular combined-arms units tailored according to each situation. Objective Force integrated, mobile, air-ground teams will conduct mounted and dismounted operations and emplov both manned and unmanned platforms to achieve decisive vicrones. Capable of forcible entry and operations in austere environments to address the spectrum of military operations - from humanitarian assistance to warfighting - the Ob|ecrive Force will conduct simultaneous combat and stabilirv operations and master transitions between phases of operations. It will be an offensively oriented, multi-dimensional force enabled by advanced information technologies that give Soldiers real-ome intelligence and actionable information.
The Objective Force will arrive in theater combat capable deployment will be synonymous with employment. The Objective Force will be strategically responsive and rapidly deployabte on the US Air Force family of inter-theater and intratheater aircraft. An Objective Force Unit of Action (UA) will deploy on approximately one- third the number of aircraft required to deploy a heavy brigade combat team today. It will be operationally deployablc and capable of operational maneuver over strategic distances by air, land, or sea. Soldiers will overcome anti-access and area denial strategics and environments, through precision maneuver and decision superiority.
Equipped with new systems designed to meet the needs of The Army's future fighting formations, the Objective Force will be a networked system of systems. This system of systems includes Soldiers equipped with the I and Warrior system; a family of 18 integrated, synchronized, manned and unmanned Future Combat Systems (PCS); and critical complementary systems such as the Comanche and the Future Tactical Truck System. The components of the FCS are being svnchronousiy developed and fielded as a complete family to achieve the warfighting
Conceptual Objective hnrce Warrior
capabilities the Nation requires to defeat adaptive, asymmetric conventional and unconvennonal adversaries.
Soldiers are the centerpiece of The Army's formation - not equipment. And Soldiers of the Objective Force will leverage dominant knowledge to gain decision supenority over any adversary. They will seamlessly integrate Objective Force capabilities with the capabilities of joint forces, Special Operations Forces, other federal agencies, and multinational forces. The Objective Force Soldiers will enable the United States to achieve its national secunry goals in a crisis, rather than simply inflict punitive stnkes on an adversary. Employing FCS capabilities in formations called Units of Action (UA) and Units of Employment (L'E), Objective Force Soldiers will provide campaign quality staying power - that means precision fire and maneuver to control terrain, people, and resources, without having to resort to indiscriminate collateral damage. The Land Warrior system will integrate individual Soldiers in the network while providing them increased protection and lethality. And FCS will give Soldiers the capability to destroy any adversary in any weather and environment with smaller calibers, greater precision, more devastating target effects, and at longer-ranges than available today.
Joint C4ISR - a network<cntric information architecture nested within the Global Information Grid (GIG) • will connect the Objective Force's system of systems. Capitalizing on the synergistic power of the information network enterprise, every Objective Force Soldier and platform will be capable of sensing and engaging the enemy while maintaining situational awareness of friendly forces. Advanced information technologies and C41SR decision tools and assets will enhance the Common Relevant Operating Picture (CROP). The Objective Force will identify, locate, and engage critical targets with lethal or non-lethal affects and assess battle damage on those targets. The joint C4ISR linkages wilj enable the attack of targets with whatever joint or Army assets arc available for immediate employment, whether the force is in contact or oui of contact. Similarly, enhanced situational awareness will facilitate multi-layered active and passive defense measures - including both offensive and defensive counter air against air and non-air breathing, manned and unmanned aerial vehicles.
The CROP and Network centric operations will enhance sustainability of the Objective Force through multi-nodal distribution networks that reach forward to the area of operations or reach back to the Home Station Operations Center. Increased reliability through equipment design and commonality among the FCS family of systems will enhance sustainability while reducing logistics demands. Advanced technologies will enable robust Objective Force operations while shrinking the logistics footprint and lift requirements of deployed forces.
The FCS is a transformational approach to meeting this Nation's requirements for the Objective Force. We designed and will field the FCS family in a carefully balanced manner to avoid optimizing a component at the expense of sub-optimizing the overarching processes are being updated to accommodate the Department of Defense's (DoD) direction to field a networked system of systems rapidly through spiral development and an open architccmre that allows maturing technological insertions as they occur.
The Army embraces the ongoing DoD and Joint Staff Capabilities and Acquisition processes reform efforts to achieve revolutionary capabilities in the fielding of a new generation of equipment. This collaborative DoD and JCS effort enables The Army to design new in formation-age capable organi/auons holistically, use evolutionary acquisition strategies to equip those organizations, and see the Objective Force Gelded before the end of this decade.
Science and Technology - Moving Toward tfw Transformed Army
Preempting our adversaries' technological surprises over the past three years. Army Science and Technology investments are already providing America's Army with sustained overmatch in all materiel systems. And The Army has increased and focused its Science and Technology (S&T) investments- We arc demonstrating the enabling joint interoperable technologic* essential for Objective l^rce capabilities and accelerating their arrival. Our S&T program is pursuing a wide spectrum of technologies for unmanned air and ground systems that will expand the range of joint warfighting capabilities, reduce risk to Soldiers, and reduce the logistics footprint of the force. Realizing the full potential of unmanned systems requires technological development in sensors that improve navigation and mission performance, in intelligent systems for semiautonomous or autonomous operation, in networked communications for mannedunmanned teaming, and in human-robotic interfaces, among many others.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARRA) and Army partnership contracted for a Lead Systems Integrator (LSI) to accelerate the transition of FCS to the System Development and Demonstration (SDD) Phase, with a Milestone B decision in May 2003. The Army is on track to achieve first unit equipped in 2008 and an initial operating capability of one Objective Force l"nit of Action (UA) in 2010. To accelerate development and in partnership DARPA, the focus on key transformation technologies for the FCS has been narrowed to the systems with the most promise. Our highest priority S&T efforts remain technological advances for the Future Combat System (FCS).
The Army will field FCS as a family of systems built on information age technologies embedded in manned and unmanned air and ground platforms. Integral to joint fires, the family of systems will integrate long-range air- and ground-based sensors with longrange cannon and missile precision munitions. The family of systems urill also provide increased joint capabilities to conduct battle command, reconnaissance, mounted combat
operations, dismounted combat operations, medical treatment and evacuation, and maintenance and recovery. To provide decisive lethality, PCS will employ networked, precision and loitering attack munitions Gred from modular, easily transportable containers. Finally, FCS will leverage embedded, real-time interactive, virtual, distributed, collaborative, joint simulations for training and mission rehearsal.
Enabling the Objective Force Soldier
Eighteen systems, both manned and unmanned; the Objective Force Soldier; and C41SR, together, comprise the Future Combat System. Manned and unmanned reconnaissance capabilities are part of the FCS Familv of Systems' interdependent networked air- and ground-based maneuver, maneuver support, and sustainment systems.
There are 10 Unmanned Systems: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Classes I, 2, 3,and 4; Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV) - the Multifunction Utility / Logisncs and Equipment (MULE), the Armed Robotic Vehicle (ARV), and the Small (manpackable) Unmanned Ground Vehicle (MUGV); Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS); and Unattended Munitions - the Non-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) Launch System (IS) and Intelligent Munitions Systems (IMS).
There art 8 manned systems: the Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV); Command and Control Vehicle (C2V); Reconnaissance and Surveillance Vehicle (RSV); line-of-Sight, BeyondLine-of-Sight Mounted Combat System (LOS / BLOS MCS); NLOS- Mortar; Medical Vehicle (MV); the FCS Recovery and Maintenance Vehicle (FRMV); and the Non-Lineof-Sight (NLOS) Cannon.
Decisive warftghting is about fires and maneuver: fires enable maneuver, and maneuver enables fires. Joint and organic close, supporting, indirect fires destroy the enemy, suppress the enemy's capabilities, protect our forces and enable ground units to maneuver. The ICV, the Unattended Munitions NLOS-LS, IMS, C2V, MCS. NLOS-Mortar, and NLOS Cannon are important elements of the FCS that will enable the Objective Force to conduct distributed and simultaneous joint combat operations. With joint fires, the Nijos cannon is critical to support and protect our land forces in hostile environments. NLOS-I.S NetFires is a platform-independent family of missiles with precision attack and loitering capability. Both Precision Guided Mortar Munitions and Excalibur precision cannon munitions will enhance organic maneuver fires. A new, joint fire support, battle command and fire support architecture will allow rapid engagement of targets by any Army or joint asset.
For over 227 years. Soldiers have remained the centerpiece of our formations. The Land Warrior program - another key S&T ininative - responds to this legacy and enhances our Soldiers combat power gencrauon capability. The Land Warrior program will develop a lightweight, low observable, enhanced-armor prorcction. fighting ensemble for the individual Objective Fbrce Soldier. Through ncrworked connectivity to the FCS-ecjuipped, mobility, survivability, and sustainsbtlity for the individual warfighter while reducing logistics demands.
Future Combat Systems are networked in the joint C4ISR architecture - including networked communications, networked options, sensors, battle command systems, training, and both manned and unmanned reconnaissance and surveillance capabilities. These networked systems will dramatically enhance situational awareness and understanding and operational level synchronization well beyond today's standardsImproved C4ISR capabilities will enable network-centric Objective Force operations. The results of the investments will allow leaders to capitalize on sensor and processing technology to see, understand, and shape the battlespace before the enemy can react increasing combat force effectiveness and survivability. The S&T program will develop and demonstrate real-time, continuous situational understanding by integrating data from manned and unmanned air- and ground-based sensors.
ScVT investments in military logistics are an important enabfer for the Objective Force. We are placing our emphasis on susrainment's big drivers - fuel, ammunition, maintenance, and water - to dramatically reduce our logistics footprint and lift requirements in these areas. Key technologies include on-board water generation, real-time logistics command and control processes and distribution management, enhanced multi-purpose munitions and packaging, efficient propulsion and power technologies, real-time diagnostics and prognostics, and Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS).
Several transformational systems were under development prior to announcement of The Army Vision in October 1999. The Army has completed an extensive analysis to identify those systems that complement FCS and the Objective Force system of systems.
The Comanche Helicopter is the centerpiece of the Aviation Modernization Plan (AMP) and represents the first new system to reach Initial Operational Capability (IOC) within The Army's Objective Force. Comanche is our armed reconnaissance platform with attack capabilities. It will leverage the situational awareness and situational curiosity of a scout augmented with revolutionary, state-of-the-art Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (1SR) technologies. Comanche supports vertical and horizontal maneuver as an integral pan of network centric operations and extends human eyes and decision-making beyond the ground maneuver force. Utilizing stealth technologies, it will network with all joint C4ISR and joini weapons systems, Comanche will leverage maximum effect of future standoff precision weapon systems such as the Common Missile and allow us to maneuver
RAH 66 Comanche Helicopter