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0. erraticus Lucas, 1849; described from Algeria and now known in
Iran, Turkey, and throughout much of the European and African Mediterranean area as well as in French West Africa, Kenya, and Uganda. This tick chiefly inhabits rodent burrows, some times lairs and dens of other animals, and pigsties. It also may parasitize man, reptiles, toads, and birds. The very extensive literature on 0. erraticus will be reviewed in Volume II of this work.
0. foleyi Parrot, 1928; single female described from the Algerian
Sahara. Description repeated by Foley (1929). A synonym of
and Kaiser 1956). Life cycle (Davis and Mavros 1956D). 0. graingeri Heisch and Guggisberg, 1953(A); all stages described
from coral cave near sea, Mombasa. Life history (Heisch and
0. normandi Larrousse, 1923; all stages described, life cycle, from
rodent burrows in Tunisia. Morphologic characters and biology (Colas_Belcour 1928). Egg laying and hatching (Colas-Belcour 1929A). Spirochete studies by Nicolle, Anderson, and Colas
Belcour (1927A,B,1928A,B,C,D,1930). [o. pavimentosus Neumann, 1901; reported from Southwest Africa.
Synonymized under 0. savignyi by Theiler and Hoogstraal
0. peringuevi Bedford and Hewitt, 1925; scanty descriptions and
illustrations of male, female, and nymph from South Africa. Cliff swallow as host' (Bedford 1929A, 19321). Failure to transmit Aegyptianella pullorum (Bedford and Coles 1933). All stages redescribed and reillustrated (Bedford 1934).
0. salahi Hoogstraal, 1953(B); a parasite of fruit bats in the
Nile Valley and Wadi Natroun (Western Desert) of Egypt;
history. Absence of spirochetes (Davis and Hoogstraal 1954). 0. tholozani tholozani Laboulbene and Megnin, 1882(A); first des
cribed from Iran. An important Asiatic vector of spirochetes
0. zumpti Heisch and Guggisberg, 1953(B); female and nymph des
cribed from burrow of rodent (Rhabdomys pumilio) in Cape
[o. lahorensis Neumann, 1908, an Asiatic-Near Eastern species,
said by Franchini (1929B, 1932B, 1935) and Garibaldi (1935) to occur in Libya; most probably does not extend its range
into North Africa. ]
foleyi has recently been found in porcupine burrows near