Page images
PDF
[blocks in formation]

SUBJECT PAGE

I )< C) D I E) A.łî

AMBLYOMMA

O COhaGrenSOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO0000000210

I Iam......Q..............'...........2l6 (group).......................224

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOIOOOQOOOOOO233 O ~s\mOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOQLO O r noceroti.S0000000000000000000000000000248 O EHOIIOM0o000000000000000000000000000000253 O varIeaaEmOOOOOOCOOOIOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO259

l>l:I>l2>-l>l§>l?>l?>l$>
'1
å

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small]

ÉO aecOI°raEuS00000000000000000000000000000305
‘BO O O O O OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO0000000317

FE e erentiating characters . . . . . .....3l8

DERMACENTOR

D0 -C-0 ttatnil-5000000000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00328
P0 rhinocer1nus.............. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 000000332

*Non.Sudanese species.

£~I.LV'1d HI P91?-I'l‘=‘T1I"[I SI. Iazrnu-'>8 ‘T1 3° 5 Qua,

HDVJ

O Q I O O O O O O I 0 O O O 0 O 0 O 0

0 O Q O O O O Q 0 0 0 0 O O Q 0 O I 0

O O 0 O 0 O 0 0 Q 0 0 Q 0 0 0 0 O 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 O Q O O O O 0 0 0 0

Q O Q I 0 I O 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 O O Q I O

0 O 0 O Q 0 O O 0 0 O Q 0 O O 0 0 O Q

O I O O O O O Q 0 Q O 0 0 O O 0 0 0 0

I 0 0 0 0 0 Q 0 0 O O O 0 I O O O I 0

0 0 0 0 0 O O O O O O O O O O O O O O

Q Q 0 O O O 0 0 Q O 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 O O

O 0 0 Q I O O 0 Q 0 0 O 0 O 0 0 0 O I

O O 0 0 O 0 0 0 Q Q 0 0 O O I I 0 O 0

OZ? O O O I O O I O I O Q O O I O O O O0

O O O O O O O O I I O O O 0 O O O O O

O O O I O O O O O O O I O O O O O O O

O O O O O O O O I O O O O OOOOIO
O 0 0 0 Q 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Q O O 0 00
O O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Q 0 O O0

0 0 0 0 O 0 O 0 0 o 0 0 0 Q 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Q O 0 0 0 O O 0 We O O O O O O 0 O 0 O O 0 I O 0 0 O I I

o o o o o o Q o 0 0 55* "'"mmumnn'&§

""§*I9Z!yHQS ‘E?

I I Q I O Cw

"umw~w I T8 '11» .....553g%5;'. O O C I Oimn IE

. . . . . . ..s TEE; .H

. . . . .mwuI_,,_mm .}i . . . . ..5;§§5335;'.H .....mn 91 mt .E 11 TH '11

[graphic]

4

' ' ' ' "mn1eAvoxa

00000-.[~‘[‘xQEemoE

. . . . . ..mn1I1q9p VWWOWVAH

TUIBSHEEIII T EHOBGI

-5 W1 T'.f1{°'99T II we '3 ........ ..ELr-lunog .& Wi YE ‘H

E1

"'-Ipoo I oo ' ' ' ' "IqJeen eq ""'1a;1Ino1oe

[ii

SITVSAHdVW3VH

LUHPHHS

[blocks in formation]

PLATE

LXI LXII LXIII LXIV

LXVI LXVII

LXVIII

LXIX

LXXI LXXII LXXIII LXXIV

LXXVI LXXVII LXXVIII LXXIX

LXXXI LXXXII LIOOCIII LXXXIV

LXXXVI LXXXVII LIOQCVIII

FIGURES

212..215
216.219
220.221
222.225
226.229
230.231
232.235

236.239

240.244 245.248 249.252 253.256 257.260 261.264 265.268 269.272 273.276 277.280 281.284 285.288 289.292 293-296 297-300 301-304 305-308 309-312 313-316 317.320

SUBJPDT PAGE

[graphic]
[graphic]

I XODES
Special morphological features. . . . . . . . . . .539

I . cavi al . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .540

I . n§Iro5Iensis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .545

%. rasus ?sT15species. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .549

. scHIIlin si . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......557

I. sfi Iex s1.m' lex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..562
1. vesEr'tiI1'on:|.' . .. . . . .567
IVI/\F<(3AF\'OPUS
l_-I_. reidi sp. nov . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . .576
RH I P I CEPHALUS
R . a. ndiculatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .599

g. a.rnoIai . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .616

. 5 uaerti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .619

R. com si {us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .622

R. cus Iaatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .630

R. ?31stinctus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .635

R. evertsi evertsi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .641

g. E5cHI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .654

. Ion icoxatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .660

R. Ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .664

R. mEIIensi.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..669

E. avus.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..673

. san%neus sangg. 'neus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .684

R. sanggineus sanguineus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .685

R. simpsonl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .725

R. simus simus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .729

R. simus sene 2 alensis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .753

g. sI§Icatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H720

. su rtritus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..7 7

R. tr1Icuspi s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .771

PLATE FIGURES SUBJECT PAGE
LIXAIX 321 Equatoria Province Collecting Localities.
East Bank...................................78O
XC 322 Equatoria Province Collecting Localities.
West Bank...................................78l

IIC 323 Mean Annual Temperature.....................83O
XIIC 324 iean Annual Rainfall........................832
XIII 325 Mean Annual Rainfall Distribution...........833
XIVC 326 Floral Districts............................836

XVC 327 Fa.unal Areas (Tabanidae)....................8l.l XVIC 328 Tick Distribution...........................856 XVIIC

329.332 *H alomma sp. d'and Q......................880 XVIIIC 333-336 *R alomma sp.: d‘and g......................88L XIXC 337.338 *R alomma schulzei, 9............. . . . . ......889

[graphic]

C 339-3L1 xo es luafidi, 0 and Q . . . . . . ..............89l

. CI 3L2_358 Marraro us reidi sp. nov., 6} Q, and nymph; details... . . . . . . . . . .........................896 CII 359.362 fifiar_aro us winthemi C‘and Q...............897 0111 363.372 ~V"C"‘E-rsrgorogos "'“€Ti?"‘win or: o". and o, deta.ils......898

NOTE

Throughout this report, "the Sudan" refers to the Condominium, dissolved on 1 January 1956, known since 1898 as the Anglo_Egyptian Sudan. It should not be confused with the "French Soudan" of French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa.

ABBREVIAT IONS

exam or Bl-1 (NH): British Museum (Natural History) collections.

CNHM: Chicago Natural History Museum collections.

RH: Hary Hoogstraal.

I-ECZ: Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University collections). NAI-'-.RU3: United States Naval Medical Research Unit Number Three (Cairo). SGC: Sudan Government collections (woo Medani).

SVS: Sudan Veterinary Service material (Hoogstraal collection).

L: Larvae.

N: Nymphs.

det.: Identification determined by.

legit : collected by.

ms.: unpublished manuscript.

FOREWORD

Mosquitoes have generally been credited as the worst pests of man and animals, but ticks, in spite of their lack of wings, could truly be considered to run them a close second both as pests and as vectors of an even wider variety of diseases of man and animals. Because of the varied habits of different species of ticks, of first importance to an understanding of the problems they create is an ac. curate knowledge of their taxonomy and biology.

Among the continents, Africa in particular is budened with more than its share of species. This first in a series of volumes, with emphasis on the Sudanese tick fauna, will provide the basic systematic and biological information that can safely be said to bear in a major way on the entire continent. Many of these species occur far beyond the region under discussion.

It will be evident to the specialized reader that the author not only has a scholarly command of the pertinent literature based on exhaustive library work and liaison with competent authorities, but an unusual field experience of personal collecting in Africa and elsewhere in the world. More than this, he has been able to straighten out a number of knotty problems, particularly in the genera Argas, Ornithodoros, Haemaphysalis, and H alomma, which con. tain important disease carrying species, through stddy of his own and of various museums’ extensive collections. This expansion of our knowledge of African ticks will be a major contribution, and povide authoritative reference work for years to come. For exam. ple, here for the first time is brought together the extensive literature on Ornithcdoros moubata, the relapsing fever tick, notorious since Livingstonels vividly described, evil encounters with it in the Congo.

Most of the important species of African ticks are found in the Sudan. The few that'are not, plus such aspects as relationships to disease, will be treated in companion volumes to follow so that the future student of any phase of the entire continental tick fauna will undubitably resort to these elegant contributions as his major reference.

« PreviousContinue »