Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 13, 1999 - Science - 952 pages
3 Reviews
Principles of Optics is one of the classic science books of the twentieth century, and probably the most influential book in optics published in the past 40 years. The new edition is the first ever thoroughly revised and expanded edition of this standard text. Among the new material, much of which is not available in any other optics text, is a section on the CAT scan (computerized axial tomography), which has revolutionized medical diagnostics. The book also includes a new chapter on scattering from inhomogeneous media which provides a comprehensive treatment of the theory of scattering of scalar as well as of electromagnetic waves, including the Born series and the Rytov series. The chapter also presents an account of the principles of diffraction tomography - a refinement of the CAT scan - to which Emil Wolf, one of the authors, has made a basic contribution by formulating in 1969 what is generally regarded to be the basic theorem in this field. The chapter also includes an account of scattering from periodic potentials and its connection to the classic subject of determining the structure of crystals from X-ray diffraction experiments, including accounts of von Laue equations, Bragg's law, the Ewald sphere of reflection and the Ewald limiting sphere, both generalized to continuous media. These topics, although originally introduced in connection with the theory of X-ray diffraction by crystals, have since become of considerable relevance to optics, for example in connection with deep holograms. Other new topics covered in this new edition include interference with broad-band light, which introduces the reader to an important phenomenon discovered relatively recently by Emil Wolf, namely the generation of shifts of spectral lines and other modifications of spectra of radiated fields due to the state of coherence of a source. There is also a section on the so-called Rayleigh-Sommerfield diffraction theory which, in recent times, has been finding increasing popularity among optical scientists. There are also several new appendices, including one on energy conservation in scalar wavefields, which is seldom discussed in books on optics. The new edition of this standard reference will continue to be invaluable to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and researchers working in most areas of optics.

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User Review  - nealjking - LibraryThing

This book is an excellent reference, but is too long to read in full. The emphasis was on completeness rather than liveliness! Read full review


Basic properties of the electromagnetic field
Electromagnetic potentials and polarization
HI Foundations of geometrical optics
Geometrical theory of optical imaging
Geometrical theory of aberrations
Imageforming instruments
Elements of the theory of interference and interferometers
interference microscopes
Optics of metals
Optics of crystals
indices of a crystalline medium
Light optics electron optics and wave mechanics
Asymptotic approximations to integrals
The Dirac delta function
A mathematical lemma used in the rigorous derivation of the LorentzLorenz formula

Elements of the theory of diffraction
The diffraction theory of aberrations
Interference and diffraction with partially coherent light
Rigorous diffraction theory
Diffraction of light by ultrasonic waves
Scattering from inhomogeneous media
The circle polynomials of Zernike 9 2 1
1 for the spectral degree of coherence 10 5
Energy conservation in scalar wavefields 13 3
Author index
Subject index

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About the author (1999)

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) is one of the most influential figures of the modern era. Working in Germany, Switzerland and US, he radically transformed our understanding of the universe and took an outspoken stance on the significant political and social issues of his time. He was the father of the theory of relativity and a major contributor to quantum theory yet always found time for the political causes close to his heart.
Max Born (1882-1970) won the Nobel prize for Physics in 1954 for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics. He worked at the Universities of Breslau and G"ttingen before Nazism forced his family to flee to the UK, where he held chairs first at Cambridge and later at Edinburgh University. He collaborated with Pauli, Heisenberg, Fermi, Dirac, Raman, and Oppenheimer among others, while also writing and speaking frequently on the social responsibility of scientists.



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