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hills of Germany these three hundred years. Had Luther faltered here, the Reformation His enemies within the university, as well as might have failed ; but his protest now without, were secretly planning his expulsion swiftly flew, like the Gospel of the mighty from Wittemberg. The Emperor declared he angel in the Apocalypse, among every would protect the old religion; and auto-da- “nation, and kindred, and tongue, and fés, to consume the arch-heretic's writings, people;" and nearly every court in Christen. were attended by princes and counsellors of dom was served with a copy, with all the state. Luther now took the decisive step formal solemnities due to so momentous a which originated the word “Protestant," document. which was to appeal from the Pope to a But Luther had a still bolder step in regeneral council, an act which was itself serve. He resolved to out-pope the Pope. If treason against the Pope.

the Pontiff excommunicate Luther, Luther On the 17th of November, a notary and excommunicates the Pontiff; if there had five witnesses, among whom, singularly been a bonfire for his books, there should enough, was one named Cruciger (the bearer be a bonfire for the Pope's. “I began this of the cross), met in Luther's monastery, and work,” said Luther, " in God's Name: it will drew up the famous protestation, wherein he be ended without me, and by His might. If calls upon"the Emperor, the electors, princes, they dare burn my books, in which more of counts, barons, knights, gentlemen, counsel- the Gospel is to be found (I speak without lors, cities, and boroughs of the whole Ger- boasting) than in all the books of the Pope, I man nation, to adhere to his protestation, and can with much greater reason burn theirs, in join him in resisting the antichristian con- which no good can be discovered.” duct of the Pope, for the glory of God and On December 10th, 1520, the walls of the the defence of the Church and Christian University of Wittemberg bore a public doctrine."

notice, inviting the attendance of the profesThey who gave in their adherence to this sors and students at nine o'clock on the morfamous protestation received the name of row morning. A large concourse, both of “Protestants”.

-a name which we are not the doctors and students, gathered themashamed of yet, a name involving the whole selves together, scarcely knowing by what question of civil and religious liberty.

secret power the intrepid monk had attracted Luther's "writing of divorce," as D’Au- them to himself. The mass of them perhaps, bigné calls it, wound up with the solemn like Israel on Mount Carmel, were halting and heroic words,

between two opinions," till, alike in a spi“ But should any one despise this my ritual and material sense, they realized " prayer, and continue to obey that impious God that answered by fire." man, the pope, rather than God, I, by these They were not held long in suspense. presents, wash my hands of the responsibility Presently Luther appeared, habited, perhaps thereof, having faithfully warned their con- for the last time, in his Augustinian cowl; as sciences, and I leave them to the supreme if he had put on the papal livery to give judgment of God, together with the Pope and greater meaning to the act by which he abanall his adherents."

doned its service for ever! The lofty eye of When we consider the fearful power of the Reformer was seen scanning the learned Rome at this period, allied as it was with the host, in the midst of which he strode like the mightiest civil potentate that had filled the officers of the Hebrews on the eve of battle, imperial throne of Germany, we may well saying, "What man is there that is fearful admire the undaunted courage of the noble and fainthearted ? let him go and return unto Reformer. We are reminded of the reply of his house, lest his brethren's heart faint as St. Paul, who, with all Luther's reverence well as his heart." “He wished to rid himfor the hierarchy of his Church, when his self of some old papers; and fire, thought judge commanded him to be illegally smitten, he, is made for that!retorted the denunciation : “God shall smite This, it will be remembered, is the scene thee, thou whited wall !”

of Duval's historical picture-a picture, the



grandeur of whose design and execution has the sin and superstition thus renounced, seldom been equalled,

Luther laid his manly hand upon the Pope's A pile of combustibles was already reared Bull-a hand that trembled, not with fear, upon the ground, and one of the oldest Mas- but with the natural emotion inseparable ters of Arts advanced beyond the rim of the from such a solemn crisis, and, holding it crowd, and set fire to the heap. Just' as the aloft, like the ancient wave-sheaf before the flames rose furiously, licking their ruddy altar of burnt incense, in the sight of God tongues like beasts of prey hungering for and man, he cried, “Because ye have troubled their meal, Luther was seen approaching, the body of the Lord, therefore let eternal and throwing into the roaring jaws of the fire trouble you," and cast it, as the Apostle element various papal works and documents. shook off the viper at Melita, into the fire. He stood watching the progress of their con- The superhuman grandeur of that act burst sumption, in a silence so deep and awe- the pent-up stillness of the vast multitudestricken, that the very crackling of the it broke its way through to the popular heart, fagots was audible in the ears of the mul. and there arose from earth to heaven such a titude.

wild delirious shout, as seemed to fling its Winter though it was, the ancient sun echo beyond the skies! The free spirit of smiled down gaily upon their new Christmas Germany had burst its bonds; and when the bonfire, as if he saw in its comparatively Reformer quietly moved back towards the feeble glare the dawning of a higher and city, the electric spark ran its jubilant shock holier lustre than his own, when the Day through every bosom; and doctors, professpring from on high should revisit benighted sors, students, soldiers, populace, women, and Christendom, and proclaim, Let there be children accompanied Luther into Wittem. light!

berg, shouting, laughing, singing, praying, When the voluminous mass of papal for crying, clapping their hands, lifting up geries and tyrannies had been consumed, and their hearts in one grand hallelujah chorus, the breeze was already scattering their ashes shouting, “Glory to God and the Bible!” and on the heads of the people, as if in symbol of “Long life to Luther, the Liberator of their their repentance of having so long yielded to German fatherland!”

J. B. O.


will ;


MpWants. MACY God, in me Thy mighty power I want a meek, a gentle, quiet frame, exert:

A heart that glows with love to Jesu's Enlighten, comfort, sanctify my heart; Name; Sweeten my temper and subdue


want a living sacrifice to be;
Make me like Jesus, with Thy Spirit fill! To Him who died a sacrifice for me;
I want to live on earth a life of faith, I want to do whatever God requires,
I want to credit all the Bible saith;

want a heart to burn with pure desires; I want to imitate my Saviour's life,

I want to be what Christ my Lord com. Avoiding lightness, gloom, and sinful

mands, strife;

And leave myself, my all, in His dear I want to bring poor sinners to Thy hands. throne,

O Lord, pour out Thy Spirit on my soul, I want to love and honour Christ alone; My will, my temper, and my tongue conI want to feel the Spirit's inward power, trol; And stand prepared for death's important Lead me through life to glorify Thy grace, hour;

And after death to see Thee face to face.


England's workshops.

and when useless for goldbeating, is still of

some value. HE art of goldbeating is a

There very ancient one.

Fifty or sixty years back, a workman made

2000 leaves of gold from 18 or 19 dwts. of seems great probability

gold; that, like some other arts,

; now, by better skin and skill, he is

enabled to produce the same number from it has been known and

14 or 15 dwts., showing a considerable reducpractised and forgotten.

tion in the cost of produce, and, as may be Homer refers to it; Pliny, expected, a deterioration in the quality of more practical, states that gold can be beaten,

the article. One grain of gold beaten be1 oz. making 550 leaves, each four fingers

tween this skin can be extended some 75 square,—about four times the thickness of the gold now used. This is most probably

square inches of surface, the thickness of

which will be 1-367650th part of an inch. such gold as was used in the decoration of

These figures represent what may be done. the temple,—“It was covered with plates of

What is done for the purposes of trade is burnished gold.” The Peruvians had thin

somewhat less-viz., 564 square inches per plates nailed together. It is possible that if

grain, 1-280000th of an inch in thickness. decorations of this character were used in

To give an idea of its thinness, it would take these parts, their insecurity would so trouble

120 to make the thickness of common printsome folk that they would have no rest till

ing paper, 367,650 sheets of which would they were effectually "nailed.” The Thebans have in their wall histories some gold cha

make a column half as high as the Monu.

ment.-Builder. racters done with leaf said to be as thin as the gold of the present day.

IX. THE LARGEST CHIMNEY IN ENGLAND. Coming down with a jump from the long past to the present age, we find our country The large chimney shaft at the extensive celebrated for its gold-leaf. Italy used to alkali works of the Connah's Quay Chemical excel us, but Italy has been in a long sleep, Company is the largest square chimney in and has only just awakened. It is one of the England. Its principal dimensions will last things our overgrown offspring under- doubtless be interesting to our readers. took to make for herself. Until very recently The foundation, which is 28 ft.


and she imported all the gold-leaf she required 13 ft. 6 in. deep, is composed of 620 tons of from this country. The goldbeater's skin stone and rubble. The chimney is 17 ft. 6 in. made here is still the admiration of the square at the base (inside measurement), and world (of goldbeaters). This skin is gut skin, 7 ft. square at the top (inside measurement), stretched and dried on frames, after which and is 245 ft. high from the surface. The each surface is very carefully levelled, a cap for the top, weighing 25 tons, is composed labour entrusted to the delicate hands of of fireclay and stone. The number of bricks young girls. A mould (as the number of

used in building the chimney is 1,078,000, square pieces of skin beaten at one time in and the total cost a little over £12.000. The the goldbeating process is called) is an chimney is provided with two lightning expensive article, costing from £9 to £10, conductors.-Chester Chronicle.


Hearest to Heaven. HERE is more in the Bible about there will be in our hearts. Then “Bless the

O are to heaven, the more praise

| ,



The King and the Locusts :
HERE was a certain king, “But the bricklayers had, by accident, left
who, like many

other a very small hole near the top of the granary. kings, was very fond of And there came a flight of locusts, and tried hearing stories told. To to get at the corn; but the hole was so small this amusement he gave that only one locust could pass through it at up all his time; but yet he a time. So one locust went in and carried off

was never satisfied. All one grain of corn; and then another locust the exertions of all his courtiers were in vain. went in and carried off another grain of corn; The more he heard, the more he wanted to and then another locust went in and carried hear. At last, he made a proclamation, that off another grain of corn; and then another if

any man would tell him a story that should locust went in and carried off another grain of last for ever he would make him his heir, corn; and then another locust went in and and give him the princess, his daughter, in carried off another grain of corn; and then marriage; but if any one should pretend that another locust went in and carried off another he had such a story, but should fail—that is, grain of corn; and then another locust went come to an end-he was to have his head in and carried off another grain of corn--" chopped off.

He had gone on thus from morning to For such a rich prize as a beautiful prin- night (except while he was engaged at his cess and a kingdom, many candidates ap- meals) for about a month, when the king, peared ; and dreadfully long stories some of though a very patient king, began to be rather them told. Some lasted a week, some a tired of the locusts, and interrupted his story month, some six months: poor fellows, they with: “Well, well, we have had enough of all spun them out as long as they possibly the locusts; we will suppose that they have could, you may be sure; but all in vain; helped themselves to all the corn they wanted; sooner or later they all came to an end; and tell us what happened afterwards.” To which one after the other, the unhappy story-tellers the story-teller answered very deliberately, had their heads chopped off.

"If it please your majesty, it is impossible At last came a man who said he had a

to tell you what happened afterwards before story that would last for ever, if his Majesty I have told you what happened first.” And would be pleased to give him a trial.

so he went on again : " And then another He was warned of his danger; they told locust went in and carried off another grain him how many others had tried, and lost their of corn; and then another locust went in and heads; but he said he was not afraid, and so carried off another grain of corn; and then he was brought before the king.

another locust went in and carried off another man of a very composed and deliberate man- grain of corn." The king listened with adner of speaking; and, after making all the re- mirable patience six months more, when he quisite stipulations for time for his eating, again interrupted him with : “O friend ! I drinking, and sleeping, he thus began his am weary of your locusts! How soon do you story.

think they will have done ?” To which the "O king ! there was once a king who was story-teller made answer : “O king! who can a great tyrant. And desiring to increase tell ? At the time to which my story has his riches, he seized upon all the corn and come, the locusts have cleared away a small grain in his kingdom, and put it into an im- space, it may be a cubit, each way round the mense granary, which he built on purpose, as inside of the hole; and the air is still dark high as a mountain.

with locusts on all sides : but let the king “ This he did for several years, till the have patience, and, no doubt, we shall come granary was quite full up to the top. He to the end of them in time.” then stopped up doors and windows, and Thus encouraged, the king listened on for closed it up fast on all sides.

another full year, the story-teller still going


He was a

on as before: “And then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn ; and then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn; and then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn :” till at last the poor king could bear it no longer, and cried out: “O man, that is enough! Take my daughter; take my kingdom; take anything-take everything : only let us hear no more of those abominable locusts !

And so the story-teller was married to the king's daughter, and was declared heir to the throne; and nobody ever expressed a wish to hear the rest of his story, for he said it was impossible to come to the other part of it till he had done with the locusts. The unreasonable caprice of the foolish king was thus overmatched by the ingenious device of the wise



Prove your Principles; or, Look at Both Sides. WISH I could open your eyes to the “ You mean that?" said the cob. true misery of our condition: injus. “Of course I do. What right have those

tice, tyranny, and oppression!” said a discontented back to a weary-looking cob, warm stables and high feed, their grooms as they stood side by side in unhired cabs. and jockeys P It is really heart-sickening to

“I'd rather have them opened to some- think of it,” replied the hack. thing pleasant, thank you,” replied the cob. “I don't know but you may be right,”

"I am sorry for you. If you could enter said the cob; "and to show I'm in earnest, as into the noble aspirations

_” the hack no doubt you are, let me have half the good began.

beans you have in your bag, and you shall "Talk plain. What would you have ?" have half the musty oats and chaff I have in said the cob, interrupting him.

mine. There's nothing like proving one's “What would I have? Why, equality, principles.” - Original Parables.

By Mrs. and share and share alike all over the world,” Prosser. said the hack.

The Archbishop of York on Temperance Organization. GOGHE Archbishop of York, at a recent without Temperance, I considered it un.

meeting held at Sheffield, in further. necessary to have a special Society to further

ance of the Church of England Tem- that which it was the very object of the perance Society, thus expressed himself:- Church to promote. I now see, however, the

“As long as this terrible iniquity of drink- necessity for a special organization charged ing prevails to its present extent, we may with attending to the question of Temperance. preach from all our pulpits, we may erect our I declare in the name of Freedom, as well as in schools all over the land, and we may make the name of Education, that we of the Church elaborate social arrangements, but we shall of England must awaken all classes to this never be able to bring the people to the moral great and crying evil of intemperance. We height we desire. My hope lies in diffusing must recollect that we are ministers to the serious and sober thought about the matter. souls of men, and that at the very groundThere was a time when I thought the Church work of Christianity lie the words, 'Deny of England itself was a great Temperance thyself.' This maxim is not for one class, Society; because, as there could be no religion but for all."

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