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REETAYLOR girl

WANDERING DOWN.
“We have shared our earthly sorrows,

We have mingled tears together,
Each with the other here;

We shall mingle smiles and song;
We shall share our heavenly gladness

We have mingled sighs together,
Each with the other there,

We shall mingle smiles and song."

H. BONAR,

...

without counting restorations and enlarge- private benefactors for endowments of new ments, very nearly one-third of all the parishes. We must add further, that during churches in the kingdom have been built in the last forty years about 5100 new parsonthis century. The restorations and enlarge- ages have been built. ments are still more numerous, but we have But we should make a great and serious not exact figures.

omission if we forget the School work of the Thus much for the numbers. Next as to Church of England. The following figures the cost. Of the 3204 entirely new churches, are taken from the Education Report of the 1596, or nearly half, were aided by the Church Privy Council for 1873, and will at once show Building Society. Supposing that the same to whom the country is indebted for the means rule holds regarding restorations, etc., then of elementary education during the last thirty the whole church building work will be just years. double what the Society has aided. Now the

From 1839 to December 31st, 1873. total cost of all work aided by the Society is England and Wales. Subscribed. Parl. Grant. £9,000,000. Hence the church building, etc., For building Church of of the present century has cost at least

England Schools £3,585,164 £1,356,487 £18,000,000. This too takes no account of British & Foreign Schools 220,033 106,120 Mission Churches, of which the Society has

Wesleyan Schools

151,942 81,317

Roman Catholic Schools 99,650 42,167 aided 160, without returning the total cost.

The formation of new Parishes is another But here again, huge as this capital of great work which has been rapidly carried on three and a half millions of voluntary subduring the last thirty or forty years. In 1831 scriptions at the present moment sunk in there were about 10;000 parishes : now there school buildings may seem, the annual vol. are about 13,200. Thus, for every three untary subscriptions for their maintenance parishes of forty years ago we now have are quite as striking. It appears from the four. To estimate the importance of this same Education Report that the annual sub. work we must bear in mind that every ad- scriptions of Churchmen reach the amount of ditional parish involves additional outlay for £389,769, against Diss enting subscriptions of church and schools and all the other items of £84,771. parochial expenditure.

The members of the Church of England are Then there is the endowment of these new certainly not lacking in energy and liberality parishes by private liberality. This appears to at the present time; and we think our readers have reached the large sum of £1,653,446, re- will agree that our facts and figures give a ceived by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners up tolerably satisfactory answer from a very to October 31, 1873. About £120,000 a year practical point of view to the question, seems to be the amount now received from “What is the Church doing ?”

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I. UMBRELLAS.

England's Workshops.
NOTES AND FACTS FROM THE EDITOR'S “COMMON PLACE BOOK."

a representation of a king in his chariot, with

anattendant holding an umbrella over his head. HE great missionary to In India we also find the umbrella has been in

China, Dr. Morison, states use in remote ages, and principally as a mark that mention is made of of Royalty, its shape differing very little from umbrellas and parasols in those in modern use. In Burmah, the princes books printed in China use a very large umbrella, and it requires a more than fifteen hundred

separate attendant to carry it; and his posiyears ago; and the cele.

tion is a recognised one in the Royal housebrated traveller, Layard, relates that he dis- hold. One of the titles of the king is as covered on the ruins of Nineveh, in bas-relief, follows:-"King of the white elephant, and lord of the twenty-four umbrellas." The

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by the seller. William III. denounced wooden Emperor of China, who never does anything buttons, also buttons of cloth or stuff; Queen on a small scale (if he can help it), has no Anne demanded that “no tailor or other fewer than twenty-four umbrellas carried

person, shall make, sell, set on, use, or bind before him when he goes out hunting. It on any clothes, any button or button-holes of is used in that country as a defence against cloth, etc., on pain of £5 per dozen;" and rain as well as sun, and is principally made of George I. followed in the same track. Indeed a sort of glazed silk or paper, beautifully the thing got to be such a nuisance, that the painted.

Gentleman's Magazine took it up, and tried I need not tell you that to this day the East what ridicule would do, since common sense demands a large share of our productions; had failed. It was in 1721 that the most and umbrellas are shipped to Bombay and stringent laws against cloth buttons were Calcutta and other markets in tens of thou

passed, for the encouragement of the metal sands of dozens annually.

trade; and these were carried to such a height We find umbrellas mentioned as in use, or that a tailor could not obtain payment for a at least known, in England, 150 years ago. coat which he had made with cloth buttons. In Cambridge we read that early in the last

The question was tried, and the tailor cast as century umbrellas were let out on hire for so a misdemeanant and law-breaker. In fact, much per hour, like sedan chairs. Jonas all clothes with cloth buttons on them, exposed Hanway, the founder of a hospital in London, for sale, might be seized and forfeited; and has the credit of being the first person in even a private person, if he wore cloth buttons London who had the courage to habitually or bound buttonholes, might be informed carry an umbrella. He died in 1786. It

against and fined 40s. per dozen; half the is said that he carried an umbrella for thirty

money to go to the informer. These metal years, and the date of their introduction buttons had a certain currency value, too, for for general use may be said to date from

during the long war the shanks used to be 1756. No one who has not given attention to cut off, and the moulds passed as halfpence, the history of the umbrella and its collateral to the confusion of a man's finances and the branches, would believe that no fewer than detriment of his wardrobe. It would be three hundred patents have been registered difficult now-a-days to make any such use of as improvements during the last century. A modern buttons, for they are made of glass, good umbrella is a sure test of a man's re- porcelain, linen, thread, and bone, mother of spectability. A man may go to kirk or to

pearl, bronze, steel, cast-iron, marble, guttamarket with a shocking bad hat or pair of percha, silk, cloth, velvet, aluminium, zinc, boots, and keep in his status in society; but silver, gold, copper, and tin, and, doubtless, not with a bad umbrella.-Mr. Wilson, at the

many other materials. annual Soirée of the Glasgow Umbrella Trade. What more can be said about buttons ?

Pages might be filled; but space, or rather the II. BUTTONS.

want of it, forbids more than the mention Whoexcept the trade knows anything about of buttons upon foils, buttony mushrooms, the natural history of buttons ? Buttons bachelor's buttons; and last, but not least, in certainly possess historic interest. In the its ill-effects, the button which closes the reigns of Charles II. and William and Mary, pocket when an appeal is made in behalf of foreign buttons were not to be imported some charitable institution or suffering fellowunder a fine of £100 by the importer, and £50 mortal.

G. L. W. (To be continued.)

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Benefits of Union. OU do no work," said the scissors to “There's nothing done by the sharpest withthe rivet, we don't want you!” out union."

“Where would your work be if I We commend this lesson of practical wise did not keep you together p” said the rivet. dom to all whom it may concern.

Thoughts on Things in Cottage Homes.
BY W. WELDON CHAMPNEYS, M.A., DEAN OF LICHFIELD.

(Second Series.)

I. LOOKING-GLASSES.
HAT home is there use it for any other purpose ? Do none
without some Looking. ever look into the glass to admire their
Glass?
The palace

own faces ? Are the years of their life
has its magnificent plate which are spent in this way spent well ?
in which the whole figure If any one had a glass which made plain
can be seen; the poorest people good-looking, which took away

cottage has its little three-spots and freckles, what a sale there would cornered bit of broken glass in which only be for those glasses ! There really is a a part of the face can be seen.

glass which does this. But it does it, not The poorest looking-glasses of our time by altering the face at first, or taking away are probably better than the best of old the freckles and spots, but by showing the times, for they gave a very imperfect like- face exactly as it is. ness of the face. As St. Paul writes, 1 Cor. In the end it does alter the face: and xiii.: they saw “through a glass darkly:" yet people do not like this glass. They do that is, by means of a mirror they saw not wish to see the face of their soul as it is. not the face itself, but a broken and dis- They do not like to know that they are torted image of it. In heaven we shall not sinful and selfish-thinking only or chiefly see things in this way, but as clearly as of themselves, and very little of God and when we see each other “face to face.” their neighbour; quite unlike Christ, who

These mirrors of polished metal were thought chiefly of these, and lived to do anciently worn at her waist by every the will of God, and to do good to men.

The laver in the tabernacle—that So they dislike the Bible, which is the true is, the great basin in which the priests glass; they put it away, and

say,

“I do not washed before they went to God's altar- like it. It cannot tell the truth when it was made “out of the looking-glasses of makes me look like that. I will not look the women,” who gave up these useful and into that disagreeable glass." almost necessary things for the service of But those who look into it find that, God whom they loved. David was think. while it shows them what they are, it ing of this laver when he wrote, “I will shows them Christ-what He is. They learn wash my hands in innocency, O Lord, and to love Him, to admire Him, to wish to be so will I compass Thine altar.”

like Him, to try to be like Him, and pray Why do people want a Looking-Glass ? to be like Him; and so, “beholding as in a Women want it to arrange their hair and glass the glory of God, they are changed dress. Men want it to do the same, and into the same image, from glory to glory, shave or trim their beard. Do they never by the Spirit of God.”

a Good Sign. ASSING down Cross Street, Hoxton, not only of yourself, but of your wife and your

one Saturday evening, I saw a happy- home. Oh that all working men's wives had

looking coalheaver purchasing two husbands like this honest-looking coalheaver, plants, which he pleasantly said he wanted who, instead of "reeling” home on the payas to take home to his good woman.'

night, brings to the wife flowers to beautify That's a good sign, my friend, thought I, and give fragrance to HOME.-T. B. 8.

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The Young folks' Page.

I. HOW TO ESCAPE TEMPTATION.
HAT is to be done P" cried a horrible stuff that brings on agonizing death

tumultuous assembly of mice, immediately!”
their

eyes glittering their The whole assembly shuddered. One told whiskers trembling, and their tails quiver- of his children, another of a mate, a third of ing with agitation.

some intimate friends who had fallen victims; “Let us hear the case at length," said an and again the cry arose, “What is to be old, sober member, who assumed the place done ?" of leader.

“I should suggest great care in passing “ It is this,” cried a brisk, fiery-eyed young by the enemy at the holes. Care and disone, coming forward with great vivacity:cretion seem to me to be all that we want,” “The cook, who never was fond of us, has of late taken the most violent antipathy to “And I suggest,” said another, " that we us; chiefly, I believe, on account of the large exercise prudence : smelling everything well family that Mrs. Downy-indiscreetly, I before we taste it, and not eating too much must say-brought up in the flour-bin, hav, for fear of the consequences.” ing made a hole in the corner of it that she And I,” said a third, "advise that we might effect her purpose. Well, owing to practise self-denial. Surely we can look at this, the destruction of our whole community those delicious morsels, enjoy their fragrance, is vowed. There are engines with iron teeth and pass by them! Where is the mouse set close to our holes, which, nimble as we that is not equal to this ?” are, and sharp-sighted too, we have the A murmur of praise ran through the greatest difficulty in avoiding. Then there assembly; but it was noticed that the grey are small apartments placed in our way, with old president sat unmoved, and looked very the most fragrant delicacies—such as toasted grave. cheese and frizzled bacon-at the open doors; May we know your worship’s opinion ?” through which you have no sooner entered said the chief speakers. for a taste than they close upon you, and “Certainly,” said the old mouse. “It is there you are, ready for the cat! But still this : care, and discretion, and prudence, and more dangerous is her last plan. She puts self-denial, are fine things, and wanted al. in every corner tit-bits that no mouse, unless ways; but if you, my friends, wish to be safe gifted with the wisdom and sobriety of your -if you will take my advice-you will keep worship, could pass; and—I tremble as I out of the dairy.”- Original Fables, by Mrs. tell it-these are sprinkled over with some Prosser.

The Bible Mine Searched.
E hope many Sunday-school Teachers 6. What great truth was only made known by

will arrange to receive answers to these the Father to our Lord after His ascension into

Bible questions from their scholars heaven ? during each current month.

WRITTEN EXERCISES. Answers are not to be sent to the Editor, but

Give instances where “Forgetting" is named will appear in each succeeding month.

in the Old Testament, and “Remembering" in SCRIPTURE QUESTIONS.

the New BY THE REV. ROWLEY HILL, M.A., VICAR OF

ANSWERS (See December No.).
SHEFFIELD.

1. Moses. Ps. xc. 10. See Title. 1. What was the earliest thing promised by God 2. As Man He sat wearied on the well; as God, to man?

He told the woman all that ever she did. Jer. 2. Why did our Blessed Lord hunger ?

xvii. 9, 10; St. John iv. 6, 18, 29. 3. What sacrifices are we required to offer in 3. Theudas, and Judas of Galilee. Acts v. 36, 37. the Christian dispensation ?

4.

Acts xviii. 24-28. 4. Show from the Old Testament Scriptures 5. The fifth commandment. Exod. xx. 12; that the Holy Ghost is God.

Eph. vi. 2. 5. When was the promise of a blessing given 6. Moses was a servant, Christ a Son. Heb. iii. with the denial of a prayer?

3, 5, 6.

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