The New Heretics of France: Minority Religions, la Republique, and the Government-Sponsored ''War on Sects''

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Oxford University Press, Sep 30, 2011 - Social Science - 272 pages
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Since the Age of Enlightenment, France has upheld clear constitutional guidelines that protect human rights and religious freedom. Today, however, intolerant attitudes and discriminatory practices towards unconventional faiths have become acceptable and even institutionalized in public life. Susan Palmer offers an insightful examination of France's most stigmatized new religions, or "sectes," and the public management of religious and philosophical minorities by the state. The New Heretics of France tracks the mounting government-sponsored anti-cult movement in the wake of the shocking mass suicides of the Solar Temple in 1994, an event that ushered France's most visible religious minorities onto a blacklist of 172 "sectes" commissioned by the National Assembly. Drawing on extensive interviews and field research, Palmer describes the controversial histories of well-known international New Religious Movements including the Church of Scientology, Raelian Movement, and Unificationism, as well as esoteric local groups. Palmer also reveals the partisanship of Catholic priests, journalists, village mayors, and the passive public who support La République's efforts to control minority faiths - all in the name of "Liberty, Equality and Fraternity." Through historical and sociological theory, Palmer analyzes France's war on "sectes" as a strategic response to social pressures arising from globalization and immigration. Her study addresses the impact of these social pressures on traditional cultures and national character, as well as important issues of religious freedom and public tolerance.
 

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Contents

Why New Heretics?
2
THE RISE OF THE GOVERNMENTSPONSORED ANTISECTE MOVEMENT
9
GROUPS ON THE GUYARD LIST
31
REFLECTIONS ON THE MEANING OF THE FRENCH SECT WARS
177
Appendix I
203
Appendix II
209
Notes
215
Bibliography
243
Index
249
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About the author (2011)

Susan J. Palmer is a researcher, sociologist, and writer in the area of New Religious Movements (NRMs). She is the author or co-editor of eleven books on NRMs including: Moon Sisters, Rajneesh Lovers, Krishna Mothers: Women's Roles in New Religions; Aliens Adored: Rael's New Religion, and The Nuwaubian Nation: Black Spirituality and State Control. She lives in Montreal, Quebec with her family and teaches in the Religious Studies departments of Dawson College and Concordia University.

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