Towards a 'Natural' Narratology
In this ground breaking work of synthesis, Monika Fludernik combines insights from literary theory and linguistics to provide a challenging new theory of narrative.
This book is both an historical survey and theoretical study, with the author drawing on an enormous range of examples from the earliest oral study to contemporary experimental fiction. She uses these examples to prove that recent literature, far from heralding the final collapse of narrative, represents the epitome of a centuries long developmental process.
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Prologue in the wilderness
1 Towards a natural narratology
2 Natural narrative and other oral modes
3 From the oral to the written
4 The realist paradigm
5 Reflectorization and figuralization
6 Virgin territories
7 Games with tellers telling and told
8 Natural Narratology
In lieu of an epilogue
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action analysis anecdote Aphra Behn argued authorial Banfield become Behn Behn's Chapter characterization characters cognitive frames cognitive parameters concept consciousness constitutes deictic deictic centre deixis discourse markers discussion drama episode evaluative example exemplum experience experientiality fictional world film first-person Fludernik focalization frame free indirect discourse function Genette genre heterodiegetic human ibid incidence incipit instance interpretation jokes language linguistic literary literature Middle English mimesis mimetic mode monologue More's narrative structure narrativization narrator figure narrator's natural narrative Natural Narratology natural parameters neutral narrative novel observed oral Oroonoko paragraph passage pattern perception perspective plot poetry postmodernist present tense pronominal pronouns prose protagonist prototypical ƥat radical reader reading realistic recuperation reflectorization relation scene schema schemata second-person fiction second-person narrative sequences situation specific Stanzel story storytelling strategies tale teleological teller telling temporal texts textual thematic third-person third-person narrative traditional types writing