Spartan Women

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Oxford University Press, Jul 11, 2002 - History - 216 pages
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This is the first book-length examination of Spartan women, covering over a thousand years in the history of women from both the elite and lower classes. Classicist Sarah B. Pomeroy comprehensively analyzes ancient texts and archaeological evidence to construct the world of these elusive though much noticed females. Sparta has always posed a challenge to ancient historians because information about the society is relatively scarce. Most existing scholarship on Sparta concerns the military history of the city and its heavily male-dominated social structure--almost as if there were no women in Sparta. Yet perhaps the most famous of mythic Greek women, Menelaus' wife Helen, the cause of the Trojan War, was herself a Spartan. Written by one of the leading authorities on women in antiquity, Spartan Women reconstructs the lives and the world of Sparta's women, including how their status changed over time and how they held on to their surprising autonomy. Proceeding through the archaic, classical, Hellenistic, and Roman periods, Spartan Women includes discussions of education, family life, reproduction, religion, and athletics.
 

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Give a clear outline of the role of Women in the Spartan Community. This helps the reader understand about the women, and even though Spartans were criticized for their strict governemnt, the same governement was able to provide freedom to women in a time were women were locked up.

Contents

1 EDUCATION
3
2 BECOMING A WIFE
33
3 THE CREATION OF MOTHERS
51
4 ELITE WOMEN
73
5 THE LOWER CLASSES
95
6 WOMEN AND RELIGION
105
GENDER AND ETHNICITY
131
SOURCES FOR THE HISTORY OF SPARTAN WOMEN
139
WORKS CITED
171
INDEX
185
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About the author (2002)

Sarah B. Pomeroy is Distinguished Professor of Classics at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.

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