## Elements of X-ray DiffractionIntended to acquaint the reader with the theory of x-ray diffraction, the experimental methods involved, and the main applications. The book is a collection of principles and methods stressing X-ray diffraction rather than metallurgy. The book is written entirely in terms of the Bragg law and can be read without any knowledge of the reciprocal lattice. It is divided into three main parts— Fundamentals; experimental methods; and applications. Designed for beginners, not as a reference tool for the advanced reader. |

### From inside the book

Results 1-3 of 88

Page 13

1–5

occur in atoms can be gained by considering not only the interaction of electrons

and atoms, but also the interaction of x-rays and atoms. When x-rays encounter ...

1–5

**ABSORPTION**Further understanding of the electronic transitions which canoccur in atoms can be gained by considering not only the interaction of electrons

and atoms, but also the interaction of x-rays and atoms. When x-rays encounter ...

Page 132

4–10

diffracted rays must be considered, and that is the

in the specimen itself. We allow for this effect in intensity calculations by

introducing ...

4–10

**ABSORPTION**FACTOR Still another factor affecting the intensities of thediffracted rays must be considered, and that is the

**absorption**which takes placein the specimen itself. We allow for this effect in intensity calculations by

introducing ...

Page 133

This difference in

the linear

for the low-0 reflections. We therefore write the Debye– Scherrer

This difference in

**absorption**between high-0 and low-0 reflections decreases asthe linear

**absorption**coefficient decreases, but the**absorption**is always greaterfor the low-0 reflections. We therefore write the Debye– Scherrer

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### Contents

The characteristic spectrum | 8 |

Filters | 19 |

Detection of xrays | 27 |

Copyright | |

25 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

absorption alloy angle arrangement atoms axes axis Bragg calculated called camera cause circle consider constant contains corresponding counter counting crystal cubic curve depends described determined diffracted beam diffraction lines diffractometer direction distance effect electron elements energy equal equation error example factor Figure film given gives grain hexagonal incident beam increases indices intensity involved kind known lattice Laue less located means measured metal method normal Note observed obtained occur orientation parallel parameter particular pattern percent phase photographic plane pole position possible powder problem produced projection proportional pulses radiation rays reference reflection relation relative result rotation sample scattering shown in Fig shows simple single solid solution spacing specimen sphere standard stress structure substance surface temperature transmission tube twin unit cell usually various vector voltage wave wavelength x-ray zone