## Elements of X-ray DiffractionIntended to acquaint the reader with the theory of x-ray diffraction, the experimental methods involved, and the main applications. The book is a collection of principles and methods stressing X-ray diffraction rather than metallurgy. The book is written entirely in terms of the Bragg law and can be read without any knowledge of the reciprocal lattice. It is divided into three main parts— Fundamentals; experimental methods; and applications. Designed for beginners, not as a reference tool for the advanced reader. |

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Page 35

... a = B = y = 90° y Face-centered F Three axes at right angles, two equal Simple

P Tetragonal a = b + c, a = B = y = 90°

axes at right anales

... a = B = y = 90° y Face-centered F Three axes at right angles, two equal Simple

P Tetragonal a = b + c, a = B = y = 90°

**Body**-**centered**I Simple P - Three unequalaxes at right anales

**Body**-**centered**I Orthorhomb q gnt ang y rthornombic a # b ...Page 41

Note that the coordinates of a

no matter whether the unit cell is cubic, ... In this sense, the positions 0 00, 4 + 4

are called the “

...

Note that the coordinates of a

**body**-**centered**point, for example, are always } } }no matter whether the unit cell is cubic, ... In this sense, the positions 0 00, 4 + 4

are called the “

**body**-**centering**translations,” since they will produce the two point...

Page 51

Body-, face-, or base-centering translations, if present, must begin and end on

atoms of the same kind. For example, if the structure is based on a

Bravais lattice, then it must be possible to go from an A atom, say, to another A ...

Body-, face-, or base-centering translations, if present, must begin and end on

atoms of the same kind. For example, if the structure is based on a

**body**-**centered**Bravais lattice, then it must be possible to go from an A atom, say, to another A ...

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### Contents

The characteristic spectrum | 8 |

Filters | 19 |

Detection of xrays | 27 |

Copyright | |

25 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

absorption alloy angle arrangement atoms axes axis Bragg calculated called camera cause circle consider constant contains corresponding counter counting crystal cubic curve depends described determined diffracted beam diffraction lines diffractometer direction distance effect electron elements energy equal equation error example factor Figure film given gives grain hexagonal incident beam increases indices intensity involved kind known lattice Laue less located means measured metal method normal Note observed obtained occur orientation parallel parameter particular pattern percent phase photographic plane pole position possible powder problem produced projection proportional pulses radiation rays reference reflection relation relative result rotation sample scattering shown in Fig shows simple single solid solution spacing specimen sphere standard stress structure substance surface temperature transmission tube twin unit cell usually various vector voltage wave wavelength x-ray zone