## Elements of X-ray DiffractionIntended to acquaint the reader with the theory of x-ray diffraction, the experimental methods involved, and the main applications. The book is a collection of principles and methods stressing X-ray diffraction rather than metallurgy. The book is written entirely in terms of the Bragg law and can be read without any knowledge of the reciprocal lattice. It is divided into three main parts— Fundamentals; experimental methods; and applications. Designed for beginners, not as a reference tool for the advanced reader. |

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Page 63

All the planes in a crystal can thus be represented by a set of plane normals

radiating from some one point within the crystal. If a reference

described about this point, the plane normals will intersect the surface of the

All the planes in a crystal can thus be represented by a set of plane normals

radiating from some one point within the crystal. If a reference

**sphere**is nowdescribed about this point, the plane normals will intersect the surface of the

**sphere**in a ...Page 491

normal to OC, for example. Such a rotation would move P1 to P2. But the point

hkl can still remain on the surface of the

...

**sphere**of reflection**sphere**by a rotation of the lattice about an axis through O andnormal to OC, for example. Such a rotation would move P1 to P2. But the point

hkl can still remain on the surface of the

**sphere**[i.e., reflection will still occur from...

Page 493

120 reflection - so N T.410 No - o- - - S N f o \ \ b2 29 410 20 O •- - \o by A CND |B

/ N. V. V. | |-| | 1 NK edge Ag There is a whole series of

these two and centered on the line segment AB. Therefore any reciprocal-lattice ...

120 reflection - so N T.410 No - o- - - S N f o \ \ b2 29 410 20 O •- - \o by A CND |B

/ N. V. V. | |-| | 1 NK edge Ag There is a whole series of

**spheres**lying betweenthese two and centered on the line segment AB. Therefore any reciprocal-lattice ...

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### Contents

The characteristic spectrum | 8 |

Filters | 19 |

Detection of xrays | 27 |

Copyright | |

25 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

absorption alloy angle arrangement atoms axes axis Bragg calculated called camera cause circle consider constant contains corresponding counter counting crystal cubic curve depends described determined diffracted beam diffraction lines diffractometer direction distance effect electron elements energy equal equation error example factor Figure film given gives grain hexagonal incident beam increases indices intensity involved kind known lattice Laue less located means measured metal method normal Note observed obtained occur orientation parallel parameter particular pattern percent phase photographic plane pole position possible powder problem produced projection proportional pulses radiation rays reference reflection relation relative result rotation sample scattering shown in Fig shows simple single solid solution spacing specimen sphere standard stress structure substance surface temperature transmission tube twin unit cell usually various vector voltage wave wavelength x-ray zone