Why Posterity Matters: Environmental Policies and Future Generations

Front Cover
Why Posterity Matters is the first comprehensive philosophical examination of our duties to future generations. It appears at a time when it is becoming increasingly obvious that we can no longer exploit the environment without causing risks for posterity.

Dr de-Shalit argues that our obligations towards new generations are a matter of justice, not of charity or supererogation. It becomes our duty to consider them when we distribute access to natural resources, decide on environmental policies and plan budgets. This raises problems for conventional theories of justice. Why Posterity Matters puts forward a new communitarian theory of intergenerational justice, which can serve as the moral basis for environmental policy.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
1 THE TRANSGENERATIONAL COMMUNITY
13
2 APPLICATIONS OF THE THEORY
51
3 THE UTILITARIAN THEORY AND THE NOTYETBORN
65
4 CONTRACTARIAN THEORIES OF INTERGENERATIONAL JUSTICE
87
5 RIGHTS OF FUTURE PEOPLE
113
6 SUMMARY AND OPEN QUESTIONS
125
NOTES
141
BIBLIOGRAPHY
149
INDEX
163
Copyright

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