« PreviousContinue »
meets frequent and ad eccounts of accidents, of sudden deaths, of suicides and of murders; still he reads, on, day after dax, taking no thought to him. Sill, until at last his maine is seen in the print--The Lord cometh and findeth the watchman asleep-Such is man, and such, too often, his end!"
About five minutes before eleven turns up a short street out of Moorfields, adjoining Finsbury. Senare, and on the right you will see a plain, unassuming brick edifice with a neat Pantheon-like porch, and light iron railings before it. There will be sereral carriages at the door and a crowd of per. sous making eagerly for the door, among whom are many strangers fearful of nnt obtaining seats. You squeeze yourself in and on the half-glass door which opens into the body of the chapel is a notice to the effect that in the library attached to it may be purchased the monthly Repository, editel by the minister of the chapel, and that seats are to be had at from eight to twelve shillings a year. You go into the gallery and after a deal of pushing obtain a place in one of the back rows, The chapel cannot. fail to strike you as. navel ; it is, in shape a horse-shoe. At one end of the galleries is a stall organ in front of which are seats for persons of both sexes, who are the singers con amore... The pulpit facing the organ, & small round desk, surrounded with railings, on an elevation, and contains an arm chair and & music stand for books of reference.
You miss the solemn stillness of other places of worship on entering here there is a constant bustle and buz, like that of a crowd when some great personage is expected to pass. But William James Fox enters and ascends the steps of his rostrum, and the hum of yoices. instantly ceases. Mr. Fox is a short, thick-set man, wearing a black surtout coat buttoned close up to the chin. He has black hair, long and thick, and wears it parted in the centre and combed smoth 80 as to hang down on either side over his shoulders. At first sight 'he strikes you as bearing a resemblance to. Irsing, but you soon see a wide difference between them. In style too Irving is of the wild, imaginative and dreamy school of the Germans : Fox has
of the old Roman philosopher about him. There is a calm, Brutus-like stoicism about him that gives great force to his words. Were you to close your eyes while listeniņg to ope of his political declamations you might. fancy yourself, standing in the Forum at Rome and hearing an harangue from the lips of Cicero. His auditors are for the most part of a liberal stamp who look up to him as an oracle: many of them however are strangers attractėd by the fame of his eloquence, and amongst theso may be seen occasionally Daniel O'Connell, Hume, Roebuck, Harriet Martineau and others of the move. ment party. One great cause of his popularity with these is the constant mingling of politics with his discourses ; which has been more particularly the case since his assuming the editorship of a certain radical evening paper.
In his delivery he is slow, regular and distinct; in his style, comprehensive and furcibie ; always master of his subject, and posssessing an inexhaustible fund of words to convey his rapid thoughts. Ju his hands no theme is uninter resting No subject however hackneyed but he endows it with an intellectual freshness and beauty. In his political discourses, such as the course he gave during the struggle for reform, and afterwards during the Irish question, in these he is another being. You no longer hear tbe moralist, the theologist, but the democratic orator urging his countrymen to struggle for their righis and privileges, and exposing and denouncing with all the bitterness of bar, cusm the misdeeds of the powers that be. Ip the one case he is l'aul preach. ing at Athens the words of peace, love and happiness; in the other he is Brutus holding Lucretia's bloody dagger and swearing eternal enmity and vengeance on Tarquin and his tyrant race. To compare. his style the better we will imagine nim to be dwelling on the same subject as the preceeding and going utterance to his ideas in the following strain.
“ Death, sleep's younger brother, how bas he not been calumniated, misrepresented by a race of religious knaves that they might scare the soul of superstitious igno. rance! Sleep cometh nften-Death but once. Sleep holds his sway iu the stilly hour of night-Death in all times and seasons, Sleep otien visiteth the humble l'easant and flees from the prince, Death is impartial; he farors none. ithen eary, we gazo with pleasure, not unmixed with enry, upon a bosnin where the baby sleep is pil. lowed." Yet bow few, how very few are there who though weary of life and ils butterity pleasures, feel the same sensation when contemplating ihe forın upon which the Angel of Death has set his seal! Yes, it is an Angel-an Angel of mercy; a bright spirit of peace and love, which releases us from the bondage of sin and suffering, and wings us to other and better realnis. But man, weak, wicked man, has depicted it to his fellow-mortals as a Rew.head and Bloody. bones; as a distroying demon let loosó upon the world to annihilate the hu. man species. They bare robbed him of his sweet smile, and his gentle touch, and his fair foria, and have given him a fiendish grin, an awful blow and a sickening, skelton-shape.' Who is it that has done all this? Monks! black bloated bigots! who have “ murdered Religion that they might scare the world with its ghost, Superstition."—Happily for mankind the reign of such is over: their dux is gone and they can no longer cairage human nature and reason, whose calm, clear voice tell us that Death is to be feared by none but the hardened sinner and the sanctifieu hypocrite, and that the future 80 far from being a fearful, gloony blank, is a bright and bols scene, wbero man, repentant and regenerated, will dwell with Angels and Spirits in one eterual sabbath of eternal love and joy and admiration."
Not very far froun Blackfriars Bridge, on the left side of the road, stands a plain circular building the purpose and form of wbich here obtained for it the cognomen of the “ Religious round-house." The Surry Chapel was built for the celebrated Rowland Hill, and was for a series of years the scene of his most active and useful exertions. His regular congregation perhaps less mixed than that of any other in London, and consisted of the more respectable portion of the middling classes, with a sprinkling of well dressed persons of both sexes, moving in a more humble sphere of life. But
like all popular preachers he drew together a great number of occasional qu. ditors who attracted by his fame, flocked from various parts of town to bear him preach. To secure standing room you must be there a good half hour before the time for commencing. You will be struck, on looking round, to see how atill and serious every person is; there seems to be no anxiety for the entrance of thcir favorite : no gazing at persons entering: no chatting with neigbbours. All appear to be observed in the one great object of their assembling. At a few minutes after eleven the vestrý door opens, and you see
a venerable, silver hair'd person enter with slow, cautions step, leaning upou the arm of his Clerk who conducts him to the pulpit, and lars on the cashion, a slip of paper with the text written in letters an inch in length, for the reverend gentleman has nearly lost his sight. On first seeing him you are struck with the peculiarity of bis features: there is a somethirg in his countenance that can hardly be described. A blending of the grate end the humorous-a mixture of the solemn and the comic. Until you are habituated to look at him you can scarcely overcome the inclination to laugh outright, in spite of the plece. Before commencing prayers he carefully adjusts his gown and takes a survey of the congregation with many of whom he exchanges nods of recognition. He delivers his text almost inaudibly and for some minutes it is extremely difficult to catch his words, but as he proceeds, bis delivery becomes clearer and more animated. He seldom confines himself to his text, but rambles away to whatever subject comes upper-most, frequently relating some story or anecdote just as the fancy takes him. His favorite style is colloquial, and many of his dialogues' are remarkable for their quaintness, originality and force. Mr. H. kors to whom he is addressing himself, and what is most calculated to fix their attentions, and this he always succeeds in, for I never yet saw one of his au. ditors asleep. At the conclusive of his discourse he sits down in his large easy chair and very quietly begins picking his teeth with a pen-knife. IIe is noted for an originality an! quaintness of expression as well as for eccen. tricity of conduct. Many of the anecdotes told of bim, are, I believe, true although there are some the accuracy of which may well be questioned. The following is understood to have really occurred in the Surry Chapel not maint years since. He has long been in the habit of riding to church in a carriage and some tincharitable person took an occasion to comment upon it by placing on the reading desk a slip of paper with wor is to the effect that his conduct but id accorded with that of ihe Saviour whose gospel and life he preached, seeing that he was content to ride on an ass, wherea's Mr. H. must needs drivo about in a carriage and two horses. On entering the pulpit the Rev. gentleman took op the paper and read it aloud, after which' he said to his auditors “if the ass that wrote this will come into the restry after divine service, seady sad lled, I shall feel much pleasure in riding him home." - Another is l'uld which does much credit to his heart, and is a good specimen of his quaintness. He was chairman of a meeting held at Exeter Hall on the subject of Home Missions, at which one of the speakers alluded very contemptuously to the poorer classes, and concluded by designating them “ Tag-rag and Bob. tail.” Mr. H. rose, stretched forth his hands towards the assembly, and, after a long pause of breathless silence, said in a solemn and impressive manner, “ God' bless Tag, God bless Rag, God bless Bob-uil.” The simple bul bitter reproof shamed the previous speaker, and the heautiful, christian spirit of the above quaint -sentance went to the hearts of every one, and Nir. H. sat down amidst thunders of applause.
We will now suppose him in his pulpit and keldressing ñis congregation on the same subject as the preceeding : the following might be his words :
“ My friends I know that some of you don't like to be told what I am telling you: nevertheless it's the truth, and truth is eterual, indestructible, undfing. It will live when you, and yoor children, and your children's children are lying rotten and forgotten. It will speak the same worils when your very language, your native tongue, may no longer exist,-may have been swept from the face of Gol's eurib by some great convulsion of society. I have told you, and I now tell you again, that you must die-all die. The old must die, the younger my. Now don't shake your heads and think “Oh! he can't mean us.” I tell you' I mean all of you. None of you are too young to think of it:-pore of you are too old to prepare for it. And if you will think of it, and repent, and prepare for it, then my friends, ye have chosen the good part which shell never he taken away."— How many inay have been listening to me in this very chapel this day week, who have since gone to " that bourne whence po traveller returns ?" And how many think you are there present to-day who 'ere another seven days have passed away may be siceping with their father's ? What think je my friends hath the power to save any of ye? Will your youth ?— Infants die every hour. Will your wealth ? --- Misers do not live for ever. Will power or authority ?--Alas! Kings are striken on their gilded thrones, amidst their nobles, their pomps and their vanites! Will beauty or accomplishinents ?-Death laughs at these distinctions -he kuoweth,
He visiteth all alike: he crosseth the threshold of the palace and the prison : of the mansion and the but. There is no mark on the door. post to stay the hand of this destroying angel, but he entereth where he willeth, and Oh! my friends, happy and blessed is he who when the master cometh is found awake and watching."
Notes from Yome.
Literature and Science,
and eradicate tbe brush marks. It is
Ńt. James Montgomery has written HOUSE PAINTING.-A very simple me. six poetical pieces on " Christ's Mira: thod has lately been adopted to ren der cles," to be published for the benefit the surface of paint perfectly smon, of the Bristol General Hospital.
Royal Society of PEMALE Must- done with a small roller covered with CIANS.--He: Majesty has intimaled her cloth or felt, about eight inches long consent to be patroness of this new.
and two inches diameter, worked in an and raluable institution, accompanied
iron frame on pirots, similar to the by a libera! donation ; and the Queen by this method is made beautifully eren
common garden roller. The tlalting coat Dowager has intimated a siinilar con
and looks exceedingly well. sent, with a subscription of ten pounds per annut. The funds of the society New Mode of MARKING Linex.-A are already in a Hourishing state. celebrated German chemist, Mr. Hoenle, M. Garverin, according to the Paris has invented a new plan for marking
linen without ink. This is effected by papers, is constructing a balloon at the Ecole Militaire, which he hopes to simply covering the linen with a fine direct through the air as he pleases. coating of pounded white sugar. The Ou cach side of the car he has adapt stamp of iron very much heated is im. ed fur palettes, resembling the wings suffice for the operation. The linen
pressed on this material. Two seconde of a windmill, which he puts in inotion remaivs slightly scorched, but the mark by the means of a secret internal me. chanism. The resistance of the air to every palette : that strikes, is reflected The legislature of Jamaica have voted upon the balloon, and carries it for. 50,0007, for the purpose of promoting ward, just Hke the flying bird or swim- the establishing of mulburry plantations, ming fish. M. Gamerin, it is added, and the culture of silk in that island. has already made some esperiments,
ADHESIVENESS OP TIMBER.-At one which have prored perfectly successful.
of the sectional meetings of the British The Pickwick papers have been trans- Association there was read a table of lated into the Russian language. different species of wood, and the powThe tendency of railways to create
er wbich they possess to resist a force traffic is strongly shown in the case of tending to crush them. The following some of the Northern lines. For ex
are a few of the principal woods and ample, the Arbroath and Forfar Com the number of pounds which they
would sustain' on the square inch pany are carrying from 200 to 300 passengers a day parallel to a line of without sinking under the pressure. The road which' never did, and never could, in the direction of the fibres. Yellow
weight was applied in all the instances support a single-horse coach. Upon the Newcastle and Carlisle line the num pine, 5,375lbs.; cedar, 5,67116s. ; red ber of passengers in a given period, deal, 5,718lbs. ; poplar, not quite dry, as compared with the number that 4,307lbs.; green' larch, wet, 23011bs."; tarelled by horse.coaches, previous to
green larch, dry, 5,368lbs.; plum-tree, the opening of the railway, has been as
green, 5,364lbs.; beech, rather green, eleven to one. -Railway Times.
7,7331bs.; beech, dry, 9,363lbs.; dry
ash, 9,363lbs.; English oak, 5,364lbs.; OIL PAINTING8.--It appears, by an Spanish mahogany, 5,1981bs. ; elm, article in the Manchester Guardian, that 10,33llbs.; box, from 9,365 to 10,000lbs.; the idea of multiplying copies of oil kingwood, 12,645lbs. paintings, said to have been recently
IMPORTANT INVENTION.--One of the discorered by M. Liepmann, at Berlin, had been started by an Englishman, ed for many a day is a process inverted
most ingenious invention we have witnessfiumed Booth, a number of years ago.