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and trouble of obtaining them was, number of Bibles, which

so miracnas we have endeavoured to show, so lously resembled each other in every great, that few could possess them in particular that they were decmed to any qaavuties, except sovereign prin- surpass human skill, was accused of ces, or persons of very great wealth. witcocraft, and tried The intellectual power of inaakind 1460.--Quarterly Review. was consequently completely nudisci- We have always thought it strange, plined-there was no such thing as thet while the history of the Spanish a cowbivation of moral power, the empire in America is familiarly known esperience of ope age was Dot moren to ail the nations of Europe, the great in the fabric of another--in short, actions of our countrymen in the East tre intelligence of a nation il shouid, 'eren anong ourselves, excite Pope of sand. Now, how wonderful is little irterest. Every schoolboy knows the conirast between this picture of win tomprisoved Montezina, and who the dark age which preceded the in. strangled Atabalipa. But doubt vention of printing and the busy es- whether one in ten, even among Entablishment which only for a few mo. glish gentlemen of highly cultivated ments we have just left!

minds, can tell he won the battle of The distinction between the chrysa- Buzar, who perpetrated the massacre lis and the buitertly but feebly iilus. of Patna, weiber Surajah Dowlah trates the alteration wbich has taken riiled in Oude or in Travancore, or flare, since by the art of printing, whether Ilokar wes a Hindoo or sy Puce has been enabled to wing Mussulman. Yet thy' victories of its ropid and uneiring course to Cortes were gained over sarajes who

remolest regions of the globe. Ind no letters, who were ignorant of Everyman's inmormation

the use of metals, who had not bro. received and deposited in com- ken in a single animal to labour, mon hive, containing a cell or recep who wielded no better weapons than taclo for every thing that can be deem: those which could be made out of ed worth preserving. The same fuci. sticks, flints, and fish'bones, who lity attends the distribution of infor- garded a horse soldier as mation which characterises its collec: half man and half beast, who took tion. The power of a man's voice is a barquebusier for a sorcerur, able to

longer the casured rauge scatter the thuider and lighting of which he can project his ideas; for the skies. The people of india, when even the very opinion we have jus! we subdued tbem, were ten times as uttered, the very serience we are now numerous as the vanquished Å meri. writing-faulty as they may both hé

aud kere at the saine time quite --printed by steari, and transportad as highly civilized as the victorinus by steara, will be no sooner published Spaniaris. They had reared cities than they will he wasted to every larger and fuirer than Saragossa or region of the habitable globe, --

--to In Toledo, and buildings more beautiful dia, to America, in Chiaa, to every and costly than the cathedral of Stcountry in Europe, to every colony ville. They could show bankers richWe presess, to our friends, and to our er than the richest firms of Barcelona fues, wherever they may be.

or Cauliz, viceroys whose splendour (ar Although tour centies have not surpass+d that of Ferdinand the Can capsed siuce the invention of the no- tholie, myriuds of casulry and loog ble art, ret the origin of this trans- trains of artillery which would have cendent light, veiled in darkuess, is astonished the Greut Captain.

It still, a subject of dispute! No cer- might have been expected, that every taip record has been handed down Eng'ishman who takes any interest in fixirs the propise time when-the any part of history. would be person hy whon-and the place rious to know how a handful of his whence this art derived its birth. The countrymen, separated from their home, latent reason of this mystery is not by er immense ocean, suhjagated, in very creditable to markind; for prin- the course of a f-w years, one of the tin having been as much the coun- greatest empires in the world. Yet, as the substitute of writing, unless we greatly err, this subject is, from sheer avarice it was kept so to most readers, not only insipidi, hut completely a secret, that we are told positively distasteful.- Edinburgh Review. an' artist, upon offering for sale







proposition at Paris to cross the AuanMr. C. Green has published the fol. tic in a balloon, when he received a delier lowing statement of the grvuo:ls upon from Admiral Sir Sydney Smith, conwhich he founds his assertion of the firting his observations as to the direr. possibillty of making a journey in a tions of upper currents, and in whic! that balloon from New York, across the At- gallani officer stutvs his conviction of lantic, to Europe. He states, that hal. the safety of the proposed unuierlaking, loons infiated with carburetted hydrogeu, and his readiness to accompany the or common coal gas, will retain this aeronaut from New York to Europe in fluid unimpsired in its buotancy, and his balloon. It must be kept in mind very slightly diminished in quantity, that a balloon is pot borne along as is for a great lengtis of time; whilst, on a ship, by the force of the wind, harthe contrary, the pure bydrogen is so jog iv overcome the impediment insubtile a gas, and capable of so great terrrsed by pissing through a denser a degree of temnity, as to escape through element like the water, but is a hous, the imperceptible pores of the silk, lighter than the air itself in which it whether prepared in the ordinary man. tloats, and is wafted at the same speed ner, or by means of disolved India as the air itselt travels, as if it weru rubber. These facts are the result of part of the moting body. The wido observations made during 275 ascents; expanse of sea orfers no impediment on many of these occasions a smaller to the undertaking, and a machine as balloon has been filled by a neighbour. large as the Nussuu balloon coull ing gas works, and has been brought easily be fitted up for the reception & distauce of five or six miles to fill of three persons, and victualled for that in which he intended to ascend, three or four months if necessary. containing, in many instances, its con. The machine could be lowered to the tents nearly the same in quantity and earth and ascend as often as it pleased quality for nearly a week. The aeronaut the voyagers, by the adoption of the has travellled 2,000 miles with the same same plans as those used in the voyage supply of gas, and could have continu

to Germany. Mr. Green, having eg.. ed its use for three months, if neces- tablished the facts of a current of air sary. As to making a voyage from continually passing round the earth in America to Europe, Mr. Green dates the direction of west-north-west, the its possibility from the following facts:-- capability of his machine to retain the On all occasions in which the balloons in carburetted hydrogen gas for an un, which he and other neronauts have gain- limited time, and of its power of sus. ed an altitude beyond the lower curs taining itself in the air for weeksrent of air, or land breezes, they found under these circumstances, and trusting one uniform current of air coming from to the faith he has always endeavour'. the Atlantic, and blowing west, north ed to keep with the public, as to claim West, or west hy north, whilst the under their contidence on this occasion. offers. winds, from different canses, were blow- to take upon himself to traverse the ing from points corapletely at variance Atlantic from New York to England with the above; the ascent of the ma- in a balloon to be constrncted for that. chine into these upper currents is per- purpose, and that he will make the feetly easy, and the same altitude may experiment without any reward for his be kept for an indefinite time with equal exertions.- Mechanics' Magazine.


Page 5, line 9, for “wanted,read “uunted."
Page 9, Stanza 1, for "jungle,-forest," read "jungle-forest.


FOR JULY 1840.


6 73

11 74

The early part of this month garo Thermometer.

promise of a continuance of very

favorable weather for all operations Remarks. 1201

in agriculture, and more particularJuly 6A.M clock'6p.N

ly for Coffee Planting not only from

the steady and copious showers of 1 710 77° 733° Cloudy.

rain, but from the probability of 2 70 178 Flying showers. their continuance owing to the hot 3 172 76 172 Do. Do. weather of the preceeding months; 4 70 74 71 Heavy rain.

these expectations were, however, not 5 77 Cloudy.

realized, as towards the middle of 72 Do. &ilying showers. the month, hot and dry weather set 7 72

Brisk wind fine. in, and continued for 8 or 9 days, 8 74 75

Do. Do. raising great fears in the whole of 9 72 78 76

Do. Do. the seven Körles that the supply 10 76 80 177 Cloudy.

of raiu would not enable the culti. 79 75 Du. Do.

rators to sow their Paddy: how. 12 73 79 74 Strong breeze &fine.

ever, a few heavy showers after ]3 71 77 73 Do. and cloudy. the 16th about the hills on the 14 73 78 75 Dull and clou ly. Kandy side enabled the owners of 15 7 77

Flying showers. land to commence ploughing-but on 16 73 78


the Kornegalle side enough rain has 17 72 78


not vet falleu, for Rice cultivation. 78 72 78

Do. Do.

Throughoui July bowever the Plan79 73 78 75 Do. Dó. ters of Coffee have not been much 20 74 78 73 Rainy

interrupted in their operatioós as 21 73 77

Light showers. upwarris of 100 acres were planted 22 73 78 Cloudy.

in the month, all of which give very 23 74 79

Dö. rain. fair promise. 24 73 78 175 Fine.

Only 10 inches of rain have fall. 25 74 79

Do. hot. en, during this month, a quantity 26 72 80 75 Do. Do. far below the average supply. The 27 72 81 76


Da season has been one of unprece. 28 74 80 75 Do. Do. dented heat and drought, and it has 29 74 80 75

Do. Do. produced sickness to an alarming 30 74 76 74 Heavy rain.

extent, principally fovers, of which 31 73 75 70


very many cases prored fatal in the

early part of the month ; but the few 176 81 77 Maximum.

latter days produced a change favor. 170 74 70 Minimum.

able to the sanitory state of this part 173 178 174 Average range

of the Central Provińce. of Thermometer.



Laches of Rain fallen 9. 99,


Madawellatenne, near Kandy,

July 31st 1840.



July 15th to 22nd. -Strong winds and frequent Aying showers have prerailod during this week. Thermometer average 724 6 A. M. 754 2 P. M. 73 6 P. Mi Operations. -An the Estates in this part of the country are taking adran. tage of the cool showery weather to form nurseries and plant out young trees, in which considerable progress has been made. The old plants are, with few exceptions, looking remarkably, well, and the berries, under the weight of whicb their boughs are bending, are fast filling out. The healtń of the neighbouring estátes is decidedly better, though there are still cases of fever and dysentry occurring.

Julij Bid to 31sé— During the early part of this week we had heavy raine and strong breezes, with cool; cloudy mornings: Therniometer average 7 lv 6 A.M. 73. 2 P. N. 72, 6 P. M., Operations are contined to planting out; and forin. ing nurseries is last week. Every one is busily occupied at this work for we cannot calculate upon a long continuance of these cool days, so favorable to the growth, of the young plants. The weather already appears to be breaking up. No decided improvement in the general healih of these Estates though cases of fever are less frequent.

August isi to 7th. During this week very strong winds from the S. W. hate pretailed accompanied hy clouds, and light showers. Altogether the climate lias been very cool and pleasant. Thermometer average 72 6. A. N. 753 2 9. ^. 74. § p. m. Operations same as last week. Thougb much raia has, not fallen the little that has, and the cloudy weather that accompanied it; have been of great use to newly planted parts, nurseries, &c., by allowing their roots to take easy hold of the ground and to draw, some nourishinent and strength before, the dry weather set in. All treeš in bedring are looking well and the, fruit is progressing in size... Nottvithstanding the conl weather we have hari, intermitteni ferers are still prevalent áith colds ånd *coughs; sufficient rain has not yet fallen to produce a healthy state of the atmosphere.

August Ath to 15th. Fair and dry during this period with a little windy webiher and distant thunder on one or two evenings, otherwise is has been fine with a hot bright sun during the day arid strong drying wind from the s, W.-Therinom. áver. 750 6 A. M. 78. 2 P. M. 76v 8, P. M. Operations. This dry weather is all-important for cleaning both old and newly plinted estates, on which weeds and jungle have sprung up, during the recent rains, also for clearing such land as may be required for planting. In both of these much is being done on the surrounding estates. - Ferers and colds still hang about, though upon the whole, the country is in an improved stilte of health,

Vale of Doombera; deigust 16th, 1840

B. D.



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Ergo fungar vice cotis, acutum
Reddere quae ferrum salet, exsors ipsa secandi :
Munus et officium, nil scribens ipse, docebo ;
Unde parentur opes ; quid alat formetque poetam.

Horat : De Arte Poetical
Let me sharpen others, as the hone
Gives edge to razors, though itself has none :
Let me the poet's worth and office shew,
And whence his true poetic riches flow;
What forms his genius, and improves his vein.


Among the signs which portended the fall of Roman greatness, the eloquent historian of the Decline and Fall of that mighty empire remarks the state of literature. “ The name of Poet was almost forgotten ; that of Orator was usurped by the sophists. A cloud of critics, of compilers, of commentators, darkened the face of learning; and the decline of genius was followed by the corruption of taste."

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