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This, man though a noted smuggler, had in the previous year, been employed in the Walcheren expedition to pilo: one of our men-of-war into Flushing. I had been ordered by Mr. Croker, of the Admiralty, to engage pilots for the feet. It was a di: cale task, for abont 120 were wanted : I bowever, succeeded in engaging a great number of Dutch Pilots and Fisoermen, and what were men wanting, were made up by Deal and Dorer smugglers who all knew the coast well. Amongst the many desperate chas [acters I came in contact with, at that time, was the idl knową Johnstone whom I found in the custody of the revenue officers af Deal. He had been uken in the previous week ruming a lot of lace, had broken away from his captors, with the contraband goods, šold them in London, and returned in open day io the scene of his exploits, when he was re-captured. I knew the value of this man and immediately wrote to Lord Hawkesbury, Home Secretary, for bis release,'' waich 'was at once granted. He proved of great ser. vice in many ways: but his most daring undertaking was that of landing in the town of Flushing at night, guarded as were all the entrances by the enemys ships, to gaiher information from some of his old contrabandiste friends. The way in which he accomplish. ed this was equally bold and clever. He had a small boat made by his own directions, covered over the top with waterproof cloth, jn which' covering
He got into this little boat, having his head and arms only above il; a weight was placed in ii just sufficient to sink it below the surface of the water, and yet to leave his mouth above. In ibis dangerous convey. ance he passed all the guard' boats of the French, paddling bimself along by means of short sculls which he kept below che water, and landing at a spot well kúown' to him in his smuggling expeditions, be passed into the suburbs of the town, and after gathering from his old associates all he wished for, returned in safety to the admiral's ship,
He did pol serve the Admiralty quite so well on apother occaion, when, his ruse, though it did not succeed, might have "led $0 serious consequences : as it was, it only raised a laugh at the te xpence of the officials
. Ministers had devised "* "plan to atack some of the American ports and cut out their shipping, and Mr, Croker at once sent 10° Johnstone for his assistance." The smuggler, although he know no more of the Aperican Coast then he did of the shores of the Indus, readily undertook to pilot the fleet' to tl.c desired ports, and of course had golden promises in case of
He was desired to return in two days to meet saan American, who had also offered his services, and then when their seperate opinions were weigbed, the Admiralty would decide as which of ihen shou!d be acted upon. Johnstone was not idle : be sonight out S-. got him into a oublic-house and treating him, soon gleaned all the information, he wished for, on the day appointed they both repaired to Mr. Cioker, with whom they had seperate audiences, and so ably did Johnstone use the hunts he had picked up, that he was actually chosen to conduct the expe. dition. Before the plan was abunduued, however, the disappointed
American encountered his old tavern friend at the Admiraits and the trick was discovered, much to the Secretary's annoyance and mortification.
Old Richards, my fellow-traveller from Deal, had one of the finest sea-going boats on the coast. She would live in all weathers : And her liule fairg formi might often be seen skimming the billors when craft of ten times het tonnage dared not ventute out of harbour. His boat was well known to the king's cutters, and when they could Rot go to sea, during heavy weather, he was employed to carry despatches to and from our Minister at the Hagire, viå Ostend. As à recompense for the risk he incurred, Lord Liverpool gave him a pass exempting his boat from searches, and thereby enabling him to do a good deal of business in laces, silks, &c.
He used to telate the following trick which he played upon the revenue officers, with great glec. He had gove over to Ostend with a packet, as usual, and had to returu, in another boat as his own was compelled to undergo sone repairs. Not liking howerer; to come back without doing a little bitsiness, and being obliged to leave the pass with his own vessel, which had a cargo, he devised a plan by which he put a tolérable profit into his pocket
. He got one of the large leather bags used for sending over the government despatches in, and of which there were plenty at the Consul's office, and then folding up his lace in parcels about the size of the letters, wrapped them in stout paper and sealed them : he filled the bag with these fictitious despatches, and when it was tied and sealed with a consular seal, none but a pactised eỹe would have told the real from the false one. He landed at day-break at Ramsgate, the usual port in bad, weather, and marched bis prize off to the principal Hotel, where he sat down io a good breakfast and ordered a post-chaise to be in readiness for London. While he was enjoying his mutton chops, the searching officer, who had seen him land with two bags and knew his character well, entered the room and demanded to examine them. Richards, who knew his game and delighted in playing a trick, answered him briefly that he was on government duty and no one but my Lord L-- should lay a finger on the bags; placing at the same time, a most significant pair of weapong on the table. The man of customs still suspicious, but cantious, declared his intention to accompany him 10 Downing-street and see all right: the other replied that he might follow him if he could, but he should not go in his chaise, and intimediately ors dered it to be got ready. The officer, still determined, called for another post-chaise, upon which Richards ordered four horses to hisa Seeing his acquaintance so bold, the searcher began to think that he might possibly bo averstepping his duiy if he put his threat into execution, and at length after a little 'parleying they sat down together, finished the mutton chops, and ihesmuggler-messenger posted to town in great glee, dropping one bag in Kent-street, Borough, and the other in Downing-street.
In those days the preventive service was in a inosi disgraceful state. Scarcely an officer in it but had a share in some smuggling boat, the consequence of which was that an immense quantity of contraband goods found their way into the country, to ihe great prejudice of fair traders. This evil arose from two causes :—from the service being badly paid, and from the enormous duties levied upon many articles of foreign produce. The manner in which these frauds were connived at was as follows : wben the oflicer ou guard upon any part of the coast received intimation from his smuggling partner that he medilated a run," as it was technically called, upon a certain night, he pretended to have intelligence of some job to be done len or a dozen miles away, and accordingly made sail upon the false scent, leaving the coast clear for his friend. Of course some prizes were taken to lull suspicion, but they were usually of small value, though & mistake would occasionally be made, and the officer for ibe sake of bis reputation, be obliged to capture his own property. I leo member a blunder of this sort once brought a brother of Richards, into custody, but R-. fortunately being at the time on the point of leaving for Holland with some important despatches, was enabled to beg his freedom from Lord L- which he obtained, after some pielended doubts and difficulties.
Amongst the many French pensioners of England during the wars with the republic was Admiral D'Imbaud. He commanded the Tonlon Fleet when captured by the British and it was pretty generally known that he surrendered upon an understanding. The price of his treachery was £900 a year, but this did not satisfy him and in the early part of 1803 he was detected in a secret correspondence with the First Consul to whom he was furnishing details of our Militia Force, Naval and Military Stores, &c. I received an order from the Secretary of State to arrest and conduct hiin out of the kingdom; we went on board a King's cutter at Gravesend during the night, and at day-break set sail for Boulogne. The Admiral was a desperate fellow to deal with, and vented his rage in the most dreadful oaths : he talked of the insult of being deprived of his arms, and expressed a desire to exchange slots with either myself or the commander of the cutter, all of which we of course langhed at. In the course of the day the wind, which had been fresh, encreased to a gale and late at night we were obliged to stand in for Marge te. The Admiral's courage failed him during the storm and the bully's blustering gave way to tears and sea-sickness. I would not land my charge in spite of his prayers and supplications to do so, and the next day at noon we pursued our trip across the chanbel, and finally landed him more dead than alive at Boulogne. He was of course patronized by Bonaparte who was just then full of bis ir tended invasion of England and avxious for information of any kind; but D’Imbaud was not to be depended upon, and a few years afterwards he was sent to the Galleys for life, for tampering with the Bourbons. He remained there tiil the restoration when Louis set him at liberty and gave him some triling post under the Minister of the Marine.
The Oberland Route.
BY THE Rev. J. G. MACVICAR.
The steam ships by which the French have been extending their influence in the Levant of lale years, traverse the Mediterranean in such a way that the Malta, Constantinople and Alexandria lines of communication all meet in Syra one of the Islands of the Archipelago only twelve bonrs steaming from the Pyræus the port of Athens. For this place also a steamer generally departs on the arrival of the French steamers at Syra, Albens may therefore he easily visited by the Overland traveller for India. It may not be wrong to mention, however, that the same acility does not always exist in favour of the Overland traveller going homewards. The quarantine which is so generally established by all the European powers upon vessels coming from Alexandria often demands ihe delay of a weck or more in the harbour of Syra or in some other qnarantine station. Stilleven in the case of quarantine the visit to Athens may be managed without much detention ; aud certainly there is nothing all the way that is better worth the travellers pains.
Much may be said in favour of Italy and Rome, and yet after all, the Romans were a people of only one idea that was their own. But Greece -Athens-how many spirit-stirring associations, how many delightful contemplations does not ihe very name awaken! The decaying fingers of Time have also, on the whole, dealı gently with Athens. It does indeed lie in ruins. Yet one may still see the Areopagus where St. Paul addressed the men of Athens, - the prison where Socrates was confined, -the grove, where Plato and the Academy wereimmense blocks of marble too which either still lie where they were laid by their classic builders or strewed about, and which do al bit atter the name of Pericles. One may also stand on the very spot where Demosthenes stood while he harangued his countrymen, and by his individual eloqnence roused their patriotism and animated them with irresistable force. An audience his, how different from those of modern times and how superior in candour and in intelligence !—Thus when the Athenian orator spoke eloquently and conducted bis argnment well, bis audience not only listened, but admired and applauded, though they differed from the speaker and refused to be persnaded by him. And though in more degenerate days, yet when St. Paul opened his discourse to them in such terms of reproach as these «
ye men of Athens I perceive that in all things you are too superstitious," and charged them with ignorance from first to last, still, instead of putting him down or leaving him, some were convinced « and clare to him and otheis said as they went away "we will hear thee again of this matter.” This candour in the
Athenian audiences in listening long and voluntarily to disagreeable truths and in admitting a man to be a great man, and in admiring him though he maintuived the opposite of their views, marks a state in the popular intellect very different and very superior to any wbich exists pow, even in the most enligblelied nations of the west. In the present day before a public speaker can gain a popular audience he must be known to be the rig Focate of those views only which are agreeable to the people, before be can gain an aristocratic audience he must be known to be the advocate of those views only which are agreable to the aristocracy. Instead of being open to conviction with many points still undecided upon, which inust even be the state of every deep-thinking man in every age, the minds of the generality now are made up on all subjects human and divine. When people go to listen to a public speaker it is generally with no other end, but to be confirmed in their pre-possessions; and the great man now-a-days is generally uo more than the moutb-piece of his audience,--the mirror wherein they see themselves pleasingly reflected--and whom they therefore naturally exalt and admire, as they would then selves no doubt but for shame. It is indeed true that every man who is great in bis day inust of necessity be one in whom the spirit of the times he lives in, is as it were concentrated; it is true ibat no mau however great in brusell, or however plenarily inspired by heaven will allain lo fame in his own day unless be either ulter the spirit of his times, can manage somehow to inweave the truths he is charged with into the spiris of his times—Let him be even animated by the spirit of the times which are immediately coming, still, it will only be his dest that will he bonoured, if happily it can be discovered where he died neglected and was buried. In spite of all tbese melancholy facts however individual freedom is to a certain extent possible. A thoughtful man may to a certain extent emancipate limself from the spirit of his times, and think for himself, and investigate the truth of a matter all independently of the public opinion of his day. And this power of acquiring individual freedom the ancient Giceks appear to have possessed in a very eminent degree, in so much that not in successive eras only but even simultaneously there were politicians of all principles, and philosophers of all sects, and popular audiences who were ready to go and listen to any body s bro had any thing to propound to them. Everything intimates in short that the Greeks were the most cultivated and spirituel people that ever existed. And if we only possessed a full history of their philosophies I believe it would be found that they had exhausted the science of reflection so far as the unaided nivd of man is capable– But to returni,
On approaching the Pyræus the eye looks out anxiously for the gulf of Salamis and the tomb of Themistocles, names pre-eminent in the naval bistory of the Athenians. And both are indeed to be seen, the former suitable to the mind's expectations, but the latter “ no tomb, gleaming o'er a cliff high o'er the land" as Byron des scribes-it, but on the contrary a small questionabie straciure down at the very level of be water. The Pyræus is a very fine barbour