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ERRATA No. VII.
PAGE 293, LINE 36.--For “ into fathers," read “ into my fathers."
294 23.-For “ house," read “ horse."
5.- For “ number," read “ murder."
my father,” read “
my dear father." 303 38.-Dele “ Edw. '-Lines 37, 38, 39 and 40 are spoken by
6.- Read as follows:
Car.-" Ob yes we have often sung it together."
PAGE 345, LINE 43.-For “ 1815," read “ 1816." 349
6.- For “frebly," read“ feebly." 352 19.-For “ bark," read “ lark."
25.- For “ Seneechul,", read “Seneschal."
PRIXTED AT THE HERALD PRESS.
W. Harrison AINSWORTH, of Newgate-novel notoriety, has at length put the finishing touch to bis " Tower of London," and in good sooth the managers of the London minor Thearies should present the author with a mark of their gratiuud, -a golden dagger or a silver skull to wii,- for having furnished them with materials for at least a score of good legitimate melo-dramatic spectacles of the Victor Hugo school. Those who have read Jack Sheppard and wish to peruse a secoud edition with a few regal actors in it, with more of historical associations, but less of historical iruth about it-whose sole delight is in scaffolds, trap-doors, racks, thumbscrews, draw-bridges, daggers and darkness, should take this novel addition to our National Literarure and study its pleasing contents under the cool shade of the Penitentiary walls, in the dusk of evening, and if they do not rise from their task with a sufficient quantum of gloomy, murderons satisfaction, why then they must blame their want of taste and not the author's lack of zeal in their service. Io sober earnest, though, it is truly lamentable
a writer of Mr. A.'s acknowledged cleverness (we cannot say talent) engaged in ibus pompering the aliendy vitiated taste of a low, but we lear a numerous class of readers : equally to be Jamenied is it that there are su many who delight in the vile excitement of these intellectual opiau's,--this drunken, dungeon literature. The admirers of Jack Sheppard must not condeidu the plea
sures of the gin-drinker, the opium-eater, or the spectator of ette entions: they all alike scek a depraved excitement, their food is the same though served up under different guises and in different disbes. Like regrets attend the present stale of the British Slage, where Nature gives way to monstrosities, wit to be floonery : the author's pen is too often secondary to the paintet's brush, and a new play a mere vehicle for scenic effect. If an allegory were required to depict the condition of our Drama, we should represent Melponieve in chains and trampled on by a grinning, grisly monster, half libberityibler, hall Frankenstein : the Graces fying from the spot, and ibe remaining eight Muses weeping, at a distance, over the lot of leis sister.
Speaking of Ainsworth's novels brought us to gin-drinkers and opiam-catus, from which subject it is an easy transition to the engrossing topic of Temperance, and that reminds of Faber Matbew, the Catholic Water Prophet of Ireland. It is a remarkable fact in the history of it mperance, and one worthy of being recorded, that the canse lias progressed most rapidly and extensively in those countries where dram-drinking was most firmly and universally established, wamely, in America and Ireland. In spite of the Yankee super that "water is very good for navigation," spirito drinking has been, and still is, most iapidly declining amongst that people, and particularly with those engaged in “ Navigation." I here are nour but few American ships that carry spirit-rations, and if they have not taken to water, they at any rate use only tea and coffee which are found from experience to fit the sailor far bellen for bard work and hard weather than rum or brandy. It will be a novel and pleasing silot to wiiness a Donnybrook Fair without a single drunken fight or quarrel in it, to see whiskey-booths supplanted by coffee-stalls, and the peasants trudying home at dusk, with new garinents and smiling faces, instead of wallowing hog-like, under the hudges till day-break, with Taller'd clothes and broken heads. Will it be nothing for one mau tu lure accomplished all this?
to Does he not deserve a niche in green Erin's temple of Fame ? Most assuredly Father Thomas has, in spite of the speers and ridicule of a great part of the Englisle press, done more for Ireland's happiness than any single name on the long muster-roll of her departed pa
triots. We attribute the comparitive ill-success of 'Temperance in England to the “ Tea-lotailers," whose ulira ideas have disgnsted the sensible portion of society. The cheap diffusion of sound, useful knowledge, and the great reduction in the taxes on such arli. cles as coffee, cocoa, sugar, &c., have done more for the cause at home, than ten thousand lectores or volumes. It is a rather curious spectacle in these present days, when Temperance is advocaled by every statesman aud minister, to see a Christian vernment consenting to derive a revenue of £40,000 a-year from a very trifling tax on the sale of Ariack, in one of her colonies, where the use of spirits must, from the nature of the climate, be for the mere purpose of administering to be brute-like appetites of a heathen, ignorant people, and where Salı is laxed at about the rate of 1,000 per cent. The Cinghalese arrach-driuker bas not the excuse of cold and hunger which is put forth by the European Lippler, And is it not an anomaly to see portions of that same vice-got revenne employed in endeavours to civilize and polish those lightly faxed spirit-drinkers !
The railway accidents at home, so frequent of late, have engaged the allention of the public, and many duodavds, one of £2,000, bave been levied upon railway carriages, Still fatalities do occur, and scientific men are busy in devising means for preventing them in fu
We have read an account of aningenious systein of night-signals for trains, invented by R. Hall, Esq. of the Easter Counties Railway. The signuls consist of two very strong lights, blue und red, (the former calling for cantion, the latter indicating danger,) one of which is to be ignited by the guards on the trains, as required, and being brown upon a powerful reflector so placed on the engine chinmey as 10 concentrate the liglit upon The engineer, it immediately makes him aware of it, as the reflection is sufliciently intense to wake bius il asleep. I be lighit may be seen for twelve miles romud. This is well. It is right that those wbo means of ibe loss of life should be at ibe pains and cost of prevention. But we agiee with the “ Times” in thinking there are ogher accidents accornpavied by sacrifice of human life, which should also have the attention of the humane. We allude to the many dreadful, though little talked of, accidents in Factories, by which
numberless young children are killed and wbich yet pass upheeded because they seldum, if ever, appear in any but obscure country prints. The railways, on the contrary, are before our eyes, and those who use them are of a respectable class,– far too respecta.. ble to be maimed and smasbed wil in puvity by cnreless engine. men : sc beavy deodands must be levied on the carriages. But the sufferers by the Factory Engines are " the children of the poor," and who cares for them?
the ton-spinners and paper-makers. “ Not we," repeat the careful pube lic. And “not we," echo the Legislature. So these slayers of ibe
10 go on in reckless indifference, with no dicts and deodands to check them, their only care being that their costly engines are not injured by the accidents, or their paper or collon soiled with the blood of their julant victims.
" Not we,
poor are suffired
The new penny slamps of the London Post Office bave been the subject of much criticism both with regard to the cleverness of their design and execution, and also to the protection they are likely to afford against forgery: Thesc pevny stamps receive a de facing mark when passing iborough the post offices to prevent their use for other letters. Our London correspondent makes os ncquaile ted with a discovery by a friend, Mr. T. Watson, of a means of taking out the post office defacement and consequently leaving the stamp fil for re-use. The discovere submiued this to the Lords of the Treasury together with a new ink for detacing, which could not by any possibility be obliterated without destroying the stamp: their Lordships awarded him one hundred guineas, but declined the adoption of his ink on the plea that they were introducing a red stamp into use, and that the red being a veyetable culor, would fly if any attempt were made 10
extract the post office defacement. In a few days Mr. Watson again attended at the Treasury, and informed their Lordships that lie had found a very simple method. of fixing the vegetable color whilst the delacing mark could be easily taken out. We have reason to believe that Mr. Wi's very uselul ink will eventually be brought into general use by the authorities.
Our neighbours of the Rhine and the Black Forest are not one whit behind us in the lighter branches of literatyre, -annuals and almanacs for example,-just as tbey outshine us in the uumber of