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their Historical, Politica!, Theological and Educational works. If ra are to take the translated extracts to be met with in our journals, aš fair samples of vlieir thousand and one Annnals, why all we can say is, that with such bricks the architects ought to rear sound and goodly edifices. It may be fairly opined that there is a greater des gree of solidity and boldness, and less of the Baynes Baily, lacka. daisical literature in the annual writings of the germans than is to be met with in those ou the banks of the Thames.- Vienna, Berlin, Prague and Leipsig ibat strong-bold of the Muses, have. each and all their own particular Annuals devoted to, especial ob: jects, poetical, historical, artistical, musical, botanical and even medi. cal. Amongsi their Editors and Contributuis we find such names as Ludwig Tieck, Saphir, Fred. Von Raumer, Rickert, &c.

A few numbers of “The Malta Penny Magazine" have been put ipto our hands, and we must express our pleasure at finding so cheap, interesting and useful a periodical encouraged in that island, It is printed in english, with good wpe and paper, of royal octavo, size, and contains four pages of letter-press with an occasional enę graving of some interesting object. It is got up on a similar plan ta ii's London namesake, and contains sume very judicious gather. ings from standard works.

We have ever considered that the most effectual, and indeed the only certain method of disseminating the great truths of the . christian religion amongst the heathen, to be the diffusion of sound practical knowledge blended with religious and mural precepts and talęs, rather than by means of purely “religious tracts." We are more than ever convinced of this since the publicauon of the little Cingalese periodical, “ The Lanka Nidhana." Ii hus been everywhere most warmly received by the natives; the only complaint we have heard about it being of the insufficiency of its distribution, The natives in many parts of this island are too poor to pay for it's cost and postage ; others there are who bave not the inclinațion to purchase, but who would yet gladly read it were it to be obtained free of cost. In a great number of districts it is unknown, except by accident, and the natives are ignorant of the proper mode of obtaining il. We are certain that a “ Tracı" of the like size and cost would never have found a single purchaser which is borne out

by tbe fact that Tract Socielies always print their works for gratuva tous circulation. We should be glad to see the Ceylon Church Mission distributing a native periodical gratuitously, or at least at some very trifling charge, say a pice. With it's resources,- it's ca. pital and it's excellent printing establishment at Colta,-it is well calculated to undertake successfully a work of the kind : and at no time has the enlightenment of the natives been so loudly called for as al ihe present, when it is well known that their priests, are straining every nerve to obstruct the great work of conversion and çivilization by means of diretu! predictions aud pretended superna(ural warnings. Their bigoted machinations must be met by more strenuous efforts on our part. It has occurred to as that Governa ment might materially assist the cause by allowing all small periodi. cals printed by Missionaries and in ibe native language to be transe milled by tappal free of all charge. Most of the tappals to outStations (and it is there where the good seed should chiefly be sown) are very light, and oven were they not, a few papers might be lore warded duily until they were all distributed. This would cost nothing and it were well worth ibe trial.

Amongst the most recent novelties in ibe literary world are the follow, ing:- The Dream of the Two Sisters, from Dante. By Thomas Noore, Night and Morning, a novel, By Sir E. L. bulwer. Henry of Monmouih, or the Battle of Ayincourt. By Major Michel. Home Scenes and Foreign Recollections. By Lady Chatterton. The Seer. By Leigh Hunt, The Civil History of the Jews, from Joshua to Adrian. By the Rev. 0. L'ackayne. The Cardinal Virtues. By Harriet l'ampbell. The Hungarian Daughter, a Dramatic Poemn. By Geo. Stephens. Society Organised, an Allegory. By W. A. G. Hake. Alda, the Britisha Caplive. By Agnes Strickland. Muca, a Poem. By R. G. Cunninghume. Ethelstan, or the Battle of Brunenburg, By G. Darley. The Playfair Papers, or Brother Jonathan.

Original Correspondettce.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE CEYLON MAGAZINE.

WTAE CONDITION AND CHARACTER OF FEMALES IN HEATHEN

AND MAHOMMEDAN COUNTRIES."

Sik-I have been induced to address this to you in conseqnence of having met with a little American work bearing the above title, and contairing some dreadful, though I beliere not ofercharred, statements.

As it should be the aim of every christian, as well as of every christian journal, to eradicate' errors and to soften and elevate the human character, I will hope that these few lines may find insertion in your Maynzine ; should they but in one in. stånce draw the attention of the philantrophic my pen will not uselessly have' been taken up.

" It is difficult," commences the above named work, "perhaps impossible, to describe the wretchedness of Leathen females, without woundin; the feel. ings of the benevolent, or shocking the delicacy of the refined. But the truth must be told. The remedy can vever be applied, until the disease is known. The sympathy, etor anxious in reliere, cannot be felt before the misery is seen. The charity that kindles at the tale of woe, can never act with ade. quate efficacy, 'till it is made to see the pollution and guilt of 6:10,000,000, now buried in the death-shades of heathenism. Shall we then, howevrir pain. ful the sight, shrink froin the contemplation of their real state? We shall only see what they endure."

The book poes on to shew that the heathen woman is despised, neglected in her education, considered unworthy of an after life, not at her own diso posal in marriage, and at any time capable of being divorced. She is more. over a stranger to domestic happiness, secluded from society and made to perform the most servile housshold duties. In character, she is equally bank rupt, being destitute of female delicacy or propriety, superstitious in the es. treme, and hesitate not to sacrifice their female offspring to gods of wood and stone, or to expose them to be devoured by wild heasts and birds of prey. After thus depicting them, the author emphatically says,

“ CHRISTIANS! She now appeals to you; she points to her wickedness, her ignorance, her superstition ;-to her degraded condition in this life, her hopeless prospects for the world to come;- and pleads with you, by these thrilling motives, for the light you enjoy. She appeals to your sympathy, your charity, your benevolence. She urges upon you the question, npon the decision of which is pending her happiness for time and eternity,– WiLL YOU GITB XE THE GOSPEL?"

women.

It is bat too true that while so much has been done towards enlightening mankind in general and converting the heathen, woman, degraded woman, has Demained neglected and almost forgotten in ber abject, condition. Nur and then a voice has been raised, or an arm stretched out, but it has prored a mere drop in the ocean.

The late Miss Roberts commented, just presious to her lainepted death, a series of papers on this sahject, but with ber it fell to the ground. In this Island there are, it is true, female schools at almost every missionary station, “hut what are they among so mans!" It is im. possible in be long a dweller in this favored isle, where all is fair and “only man is rile,” without feeling most deepls the deplorable state of the natira

It is my firm belief, as well as that of mans others, and it has been proved true in tarious countries, that the educated, christianized romaa is the most able and poirerful missionart our religion can possess. Here she has no infinence hecause she is trithont mind, but make ber a humanized being, gire ber pure and refned jipas and feelings, trarh her those beanti. ful affections of the heart which canctifs her sex, instil into her the gentle. ness of christianity, call back to her hosom the batished sympathies of wife, mother, sister, friend, and she will then triumph over the stubboru nature of her master, Man, and make him like herself. Put should the wife fail with her hushand,-should he be 100 deeply imbued with the natnre of his fore. fathers, there are her children; will she not mould them to her hin heart? Oh! yes, she must, she will.

But how is this to be brought about? Who is to do all this for the poor

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Her white sisters. The English females. I would hare

every one of our dwelling-houses herome schools ; erery lady a missionary. Canpot our wives and daughters derole one or two hours in each day in the education of a few poor girls in their ricinity? Is it too much to ask them to sit for a short time in their veranilahs during the morning, and teach the native girls how to be some'! ing like themselves? Surely not. An easy and set honi irseful and gratifying tould these lahours he. Our country-women hare it in their porter to become the instruments of India's regenera. tion and at no pecuniary cost, hot merely by the sacrifice of a little of what could not be betier emplored, time. Once more expressing å hope that this subject may be seriously considered, particularly by iny country-women, 1 subscribe myself

BRITANNICUS.

P.S.-1 am aware that a school was established in Colombo by the Fe.. male Education Society at home, and which has failed, because the founders were ignorant of what they had to perform. The native girls are too poor to pay, eren a triple, for education, and, if they be ut, their parents look upoa: it as a waste of time and money: but let education steal unsongst them privately and imperceptibly, and the cause will prosper. He who despises pot any creature of his hands will prosper the work,

B.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE CEYLON MAGAZINE.

SIR,—[ read with much interest the letter from Mr. Macricar in your last, "проп the cooling influence of a clear night." I have made some experiments in the neighbourhood of Kandy, with Thermometers exposed under various aspects to the influence of the sky and I find the results corroborate the statements of Mr. Macvicar. I first exposed a very accurate thermometur to the direct rays of the sun at mid-day and found it rise to 130 and 1350. The same thermometer was placed on the same open spot on a fine cloudless nigbt and it fell to 50 • whilst an equally good instrument placed on the ground within six feet of the other, but under a verandah, sank no lower than 60°. The next night being cloudy I again exposed my thermometers in similar situations and found that they stood at 54 and 62°, Should this be duemed worthy, please give it a place in your furthcoming

Dumber.

AN UP-COUNTRY SUBSCRIBER.

N.B.-Can your scientific correspondent tell me how to construet a cheap and perfect instrument for finding the quantity of dew falling?

NATURE.

Would the young and the lowly be taught
By the loveliness breathing around

i
Ev'ry leaf with instruction is fraught,

Each stream hath an eloquent sound.

The sweet leofy haunts of the bird,

The bı ook, in it's musical flow,
Tbat in silv'ry cadence is beard,

With the music above and below.

The dark shady paths of the wood,
The
peace

of the cottager's home,
Amid trees that for ages bave stood,

And the orchard's bright showers of bloom.

Would ye learn that their Maker is love,

That he stoops from his glorious throne,
Encircled by seraphs above,
To look on a world like our own;

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