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DIARY KEPT IN THE VALE OF DOOMBERA-NEAR KANDY.
1841, 19th April to the 26th. -Showers of rain have continued falling overg day this week, with the same close and oppressive stute of the atiñosphere in the middle of the day and evenin: as last week, but the mornings aro cool and calm.-Wind variable, scarcely any, but just before a shower of rain
Thermometer Average.-710 6 . M.-792 P. M.-78° 8 P. M. From 26th April to 3rd May. More rain in quantity has fallen during this week than the last, the showers parinking innre of the character of coutinued rain which has fallen steadily every dar for two or three hoars at & time. The atmosphere has been generally calm bat nucb cooler than bitisorto. What wind there has been, was from the S. W.
Thermometer Average.-71° 6 A, M.—78 ° 2 P. M.-77 o 8 P. M.
All this rainy weather has been of exceeding great benefit to the planta. tions in this valley, and all the trees in consegnence look fresh and vigorous. The fruit begins to shev itself in considerable quantities.—The Tain which has fallen during the past month April, may he said to be as much again in quantity as that which fell in April 1840.
From 3rd of May to the 10th.-During the first two or three days of this period the weather was cloudy, and a few showers fell, but since the days have been fine and dry with a strong breeze froin the s. W. generally.
Thermometer Average.-71 9 6 A. M.-789 2 P. M.-77 " 8 P. M.
Very little Dow in quantity falls now especially if there is any wịnd during the night.
From 101h May to the 17th.-Sky cloudy generally but the weather fino and dry with a strong breeze all day from S. w. during this week, except the last lay which has been one of continued rain for the last 24 hours and secis likely to continae.
Thermometer Average. - About the same as last week though the climate is decidedly cooler and pleasanter to the feel than it was a fortnight ago.
Operntions. In the commencement of the inonth, were, planting on the Es. tates which are forminy-supplying with plants on the older 'estates where the trees have died or been missed--and for the last ten days every one has ta!sen advantage of the dry weather to get the planted parts pleared of weeds.
The rain appearing likely to set in again, niakes it a farorable time for all Planters ahont. to coinmence estates to get in Coffee " Seeds" and." Seed. lings" into Nurseries, so that they may hare the benefit of all the cloudy and rainy wrather, to be expected from the S. W.
The formatiou of Gardens likewise should not be omitted by the Planter during this season, in order that he mar have all the culinary vegetables so essential to the health of residents in a Tropical climate, nearly all of which, with a little care, grow most luxuriantly in every part of the “Central province.”
Those who can do so, may also plant between the coffee trees of newly plan:ed' parts of their estates, the Indian maize" for the use of their cattle, and what will also answer for the same pornose, sereral kinds of Native grain known by the names of “ Collel," " Oundhu," " Moong hatta" &c. which grow withont further trouble than slightly stirring up the soil and throwing in tho seeds.
The health of all Europeans on this side of the country remains very good bot from what little can he learnt of the atit
they appear to suffer from attacks of diarrhea, dvsentry and fever during these rains. The health of coo. lies on the estates remains as yet generally good.
OBSERVATIONS OF THERMOMETER AT THE KANDY LIBRARY,
FOR THE LATTER HALF OF THE MONTH OF APRIL.
April. . A.M. Noon. 6. P.m. Meas,
781 - Thunder and ligblving from 3 P.M. succeed.
ed by a good shower of rain, night fair, 79 Very heavy rain in the erening with thug.
der and lightning, night cloudy.
der and ligutuing in the evening.
Slight rain with thunder.
Thunder, lightning, wind and heavy rain,
from 1 to 6 P.M. 774 Slight rain in the afternoon, very heavy
rain from 7 to 9 P.M. 775 good shower of rain in the afternoon,
elourly night. 781 good .shower in the afternoon, showery
from 6 to 8 P.M., cloudy night. 79 loudy. 792 Leary rain from 2 to 7 P. M. fine clear
night. 78} leary rain in the afternoon, fine clear
night 773 Riin from 2 to 7 P.x. with much thun
der and lightning. 771 iteavy rain froin 2 to 6 P.2, fine clear
PRINTED AT THE HERALD PRESS,
We have read with mich interest some "Papers" printed by the Agricultural Committee of the Royal Asiatic Society of London, on the Cultivation of Cotton in India." It is proved beyond the shadow of a doubt, that the only kind of Collon likely to thrive in our eastern possessions and find a large and profitable market at home, is the "Pernambuco." This plant Aourishes remarkably well in high situations, having a red lateritic soil, and from the little care required in its cultivation and preparation for the market, we should say that it is deserving of attention in this island where there is so minch of the poor, sions red soil adapted to it, and which is infil for cither Collie or Sugar. Ove grent advantage of the Pervambuco Couon is that from the peculiarity of the pod, the seeds can be easily separated from the staple, and that a hand picking to free it from dirt and impurities, is all that would be requisite to fit it for the market. It is stated on competent authority that at least one half of the Collon yarn exported from Great Britain might be mago farted from this species of Cotton, if at a mode. rate price, which would at once create a demand 10 the extent of 150,000 bales per annum. Jo the manufacture of Colton goods the warp, or long threads, might be of ihe Pernambuco which is ai a low figore, would supplant all other descriprions of Cotton for this purpose. Here then would be a further demand of 250,000 bales annually, making in all a market for 400,000 bales, which at the American price of 74d. to 8d. per pound would be a total value of £6,500,000!! Some sanıples of E. I. Pernambuco bave
been pronounced of a most serviceable quality, and such as to ita duce a most extensive use of it. The chief peculiarities of it are five colour, a property of swelling in the process of bleaching, sbich, filling up the vacancies beiween the thireads, gibes the fabrica most substantial appearance, and also a greater facility for taking colors than is possessed y Waris of the An erican grown (011018. he
Agricultural and Ilorricultural Society or bodia" bave offered three prizes of £2,000, £1,400 and £500 10 the growers of the fivesi samples of Collon in the provinces of the Bengal or Agra govetne
The simples must consist of 300 bales each and be the growib of one person. The prizes are to be repeated during three SUCEPS ve years, cuilibencing in 1843.
Until very recently we were not aware of the existence of a most extensive institution called the “Loudon Library." It was formed as a kind of joint-stock society for the purchase of all works of value appearing in the metropolis, which were to be perused by the shareholders at their own houses. Thus combining the ad. vantages of a circulating library, with the higher ones of the British Museum. The capital of the Library is, we believe, £100,000 and in she list of the Committee we perceive the names of several of our leading literary characters. The secretary is Thomas Carlyle, the anthor of "(hartism," "The Fresch Revolution," &c. &c.
In a recentis published statistical work we met with some in. teresting details of the Geneva clock and watch mamulacture. The ani,nal export of these articles lo vitrinas parts of the world is very large. 'The manufacture was, wil of late years, confined 10 the towns of Turburg and Neustadı, bor it has now extended in other places. In 1836 not less than 198,000 clocks and watches were exported 10 America alone from one single mann facturing town, in which there
master makers fully employed. A good workman can finish sis common clocks weekly; of those that strike and also that hire an alarum, for weekly; and of the best eight-day clocks, two weekly; therefore, if one reckons at the Dedium rate of four clocks for each workman per week, and al, low to each master two journey men, the poorly manufacture of clocks' and watches, in Schwenningen alone, is about 30,576; which on an average, are, worth 91,728 florius! (about £10,000.)
The manufacturers of Germany are rapidly progressing, and in many articles taking the supply of foreign markets out of our hands. The manufacture of machinery is being carried on most extensively and profitably, and in many cases under the immediate superintendance of
of our countrynicu. Next 10 machines, sugar is perhaps the most successfully manufactured. In Bohemia alone there are upwards of tilty establishments for making sugar from Beet-root, the whole of which is for home consumption. The ('ottou manufactures are represented as being in a most prosperous state, as also that of glass; there are not less than 75 manulaclories of glass, which give employment to 3,500 families producing annually to the value of 60,000,000 gui ders,
We trust that the serious attention of many of our readers has been given to the letter of Brilamirus in our lası, on the subject of “Heather Females." There must be few bele who are not deeply sensible of the truly deplorable state of the Singhalese women, both moral and pbysical; iu proportion to that feeling should be our exerlions to remove the causes, As yet but liule has been done; that little, however, we will look pon as good seed, and alıbouglı, doubtless, some of it has been sown in lad ground, ibere must be some which will bring forth good and plentiful fruit. We believe that the Female School alluded to by our correspondent has failed chiefly in consequence of the natives of high castes not liking their dangliers 10 mix with those of inferior castes. It would therefore appear that a female school to be conducied with success shonid be divided into several classes in separale rooms: for lo attain our objects of education and civilization, we must go prudently to work and not war too openly against Balional prejudices. The curse
of caste must be undermiued by slow and imperceptible degrees, not by actual opposition; to allempl 10 overcome it before educating, wowid be as useless as lu endeavour to drive a veuge iniw a fissiile with the broad evd foremnost. On the other band sive ibe native sound practical education and castt must tall.
Wbile upon the subject of education we will say a word about the “ Cotta Institution" and the..“ Coila Youths. We have been present at the examination of the latter and were cerlaiuly surprised and gratified at their thorough acquaintance with Greek, La