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1 shall never forget the first night we spent in Kandy, not if I lire to the Age of old what's-his-name. On one side of our miserable hut was a Buddhist Temple with about half-a dozen holy elephants in it, and what must the wretched beathens du but beat great drums, called Toua-toms, and blow a sort of Bagpipe all the blessed night long. . It was their new year, so I suppose the elephants was #keeping their Christmas holidays. There never was such an unearthly Doise as they kicked up, except perhaps in the incantation scene iu Der Freyschutz. Sleep was out of the question, so I had the felicity of walking in the verandah during the night, occasionally going in to quiet the children. In the morning that nuisance was succeeded by another as bed, for on our other side was a nasty, little papistical chapel, and it being some great festival of the Romans they had a succession of singing all the day long, interspersed with a second edition of the Tom-toms and hagpipes, when the elephants had their dinner. Had it been fine I should hare strolled out and
sonht quiet, but no, as if to try my temper it set in a regular snaking lar. None of your April showers: none of your watering-pot sprivklings, hur & regular Falls of Niazgarum. It rained shower-baths. Half the tiles on our roof were broken, 60 we had a dozen or two of private water spouts inside the horse, which amused me during the day in placing pots, pans and cocoannt shells to catch the rain in. Fancy my situatiou ! But you can't fancy anything half so full of despair. Dodging between the loose cattle in Smithfield on a rainy day, with pantaloons and pumps on, wonld have been comparitively, an agreeable recreation! There was the chapel a sinving, the drums and bagpipes a coaxing the sis elephants to eat their broth, the rain a pouring like horse beaps on the rond, with an occasional gust of wind taking off apother tile, my wife' grumbling, the young ones crying and asking for dinner, the black sorraits hollowing like mad things, anl. I, poor “ pill garlick," trying to keep our bed dry hy sitting on it with an umbrella (ver my head.
On the third day after our arrival in Kandy I received an epistle from my superintendent, Mr. Trunk, and as it sets forth some of the difficulties of a Planter's Life, and is, moreover, a curious specimen of Anglo- Portugese lio terature I'll e'en give you a copy of it:
Jungle, Tuesday. Honek'D SIR,-May I take the freedom to state you with these few lines and hoping you would excuse me. On the 29th inst, after four days bence, I was arrived at this Jungle to be commanding on your estate and hoping to find the Malabars and others all ready to me to commence my office no May 1st hut to my excessive indignation no peoples is come and I am so perplexed Sir, that vengeance itself is as nothing still I have no and that is a very great botheration to me therefore, will you have the good. ness to inform to my notice how I may act: els that I may be able to proeure some more Malabar and Cbiogalme peoples by proper time and to keep please
mens como npon us.
it reads. Will you be accepted that I go some time and git the best moiena bécause am fráid we shall not vit our lines or huts ready prepared to abode our labors in and that will also be a very great botheration and very crushing to me. Howbeit hare you got the requirable impliments for the set. vité of our branch, if are not ready to commence with our work, sent down to Colombo to bring on first opportunity, the principle thing are ibe' wols, &c. that we reqnire to carry ou opperations for the present. If wt di Hot git these it will pitt a bad stop on eterything. I have prrer leerde ini ih s place b fore, shall stop for 2 days for your answer and then go for luburs : if arryihiug do but persent me.
I remain to be, Sir,
Your tnost obilt. humble serrant, LeoNai DUS FRANCISCO LUDWIG THU NR.
Of course I to'd him to lo e do time in procuring laborers, fof the rains were coming fast
In three days after, our caris! arrived and I was glad to make another start for the wonds and leave our wretched abode, for wlicli, by the bye, we bad bien paying at the rate of £5, a month! Away we went again, but this time along a safe road and in a quiet bullock carriage, called a hackery; our long train of carts fole lowed us reininding me of the Caravans going across the desert in the Aras. bian Nights. Nothing becurred worthy of notice beyond a few quarrels among the drivers, and now and then a stupid bullock jusisting on laying down in the middle of the road. We stopped that night at a Rest House about half was, and started again at perp of day, fresh as larks, Mrs. B. and I muel elated at the idea of being so near our “clearing." By noon we had gode over all the cartinge road and came to a halt at a little boogalow where there was a newly cut pathway striking off into the forest and hilly country. Here we halted for rest and breakiaat; if hård rice and tongo buffalo flesh could be so called. But to us every thing was new, and the bare idea of eating in a real Indian hut was sufficient to bare made us relishi even & stewed top.bout, or a silk har fricasseed. I even begav to fanty myself & sort of modern Coffee Robinson Crusoe, and when I looked at my double barreld Manton, almost wished the natives would rise against me en masse! While en.leavouring to gulph down our rice with the aid of a little brandy and water I received a note froin my van Friday, alias Mr. Trunk, to the eifeet that å dwelling was prepared for me and that the bearer would act as guide. He had sent conlies without number, for our traps, so loading theme with our most precious moveables and starting them off, we jogged leisurely on, under the shade of thick, lofty forest irses, leaving the rest of our things for the next day. It sould bave been a subject for Rubens to have seert our litile party tramping it along, the children carried by coolirs, my wife loaded with the jewel box and bundle of walking sticks, while I perspised
under the weight of a double barrel'd gun, a telescope, a flask of gunpowder, a writing case, a buite of brandy and drinking born, and a parcel of german sausages as a stand by. I had on a most picturesque suit of scarlet and yellow plaid, fancy gaiters, a shovel-shaped black and white straw bat with a brim ample enough fur a donkey race round it. With the above and buge talipot lear over my head I looked, as Sam Weller bad it, “a reglar picter card." Aster a trudge of two miles over stones, streams, &c., and knocking our toes against stumps of trees all the way, we were glad to pull up under sbade and lighten my brandy bottle with the aid of a little brook. By the time we had made half a dozen such balts we came in sight of what appeared to be a roof, and in another minute desired Mr. Trunk, segar in mouth, and surrounded by thirty coolies. It was then, standing on an elevated piece of fallou rock, mat i inok a sweeping survey of the dark forest before me, breuking out into the most extatic raptures at the prospect, it was then that I saw the striking likeness to Epping Forest, and it was then tbat the name of my estațe was for ever decided !
In another five minutes we were all at the door of our “ Bungalow" glag enougb to be “at home," as my wife, woman-like, immediately called it What our Home like, what " my Estate” is like, what the views are like, what my coolies are like, and in short what “Life in the Jungle" is like, I really must defer until I again take up my "grey goose quill" as Shakespeare has it. And so yood bye, and when you've nothing better to do, just think of the Backwoods of Ceylop, and
Your attached Cousin,
SKETCHES OF MEN AND THINGS,
BY THE EDITOR.
« A chiel's amang ye takin notes,
The Female WARD.
Bedlam—what a mass of misery and woe—what a long train of teariul men and things is comprised in that one word! Were is not loo dreadful for. morļal ken, il miglil we wished that the records of that melancholy prison-house were opened to the whole world, to read the beartless, the avaricious, the bigoted, and tile deceiver, lessons of piety and love. W bat dark tales could those cold walls tell! What suffering, sorrow and despair have been entombed within their precinths. How many young and geuule b«arts that have begun their career strong in hope and love, have been blasted i' the bud, and baie gone down 10' early graves in this abode of woe, unknown, unpilied, unwept! How many ble minds warm with the glorious son of youth and genius, have been wrecked upon some
false rock, and hurried though these gloomy portals i dreary maddening soliunde, where they have thought and thought umil the very power of thinking has passed from them, and iusunity has left them mere intellectual petrelacui. ons ! But to bare such a mass of misery to the hun:an eye would be lvo much. Men would turn away loathing and disbelieving. Never. theless some faint outlines of the picture may be given; some few rays of light may be shed upou the dreary midnight within, It was a lair and cloudless day in summer, when I paid a visit
. to the melancholy but noble building from which this paper takes its title - Beshlebem. Hospital, or as it is familiarly lermed, Bedlain. The sun shune gaily and brigouy apun ils while pillars and its dome, and threw out in bold and sombre reliet ile massy walls and the dismal irun gralings of the windows. The trees were green, the Aowers were shedding their sweetest perfumes, aụd the birds chirped merrily in the strubs: the lawn was neatly trimmed, and the gravel-walks were clean and smoothi, while the liule porter'slodge seened more than usually comfortable and quiet. Without the walls, the busy, happy world passed beedlessly along, in que continued hom of life and hope, as though such ibings as care and woe were not. The rich and the great rolled carelessly by in their gaudy equipages : the young and the healthy tripped gaily past; ihe student and the mercbant sped onwards, cautiously and Thoughulully, deep in their several pursuits: huil a lew feet of ground and a sloue wall intervened, and yet, perhaps, not one of
the many passers by gave a thought to the sufferings of their fels low-morials within. Or, if nou some still summer evening, the passing bretze brought with it the low moanings and the deep toned "wails of idiotic and maniac misery, perhaps one idle stragglers would pause before the great iron gates and give a long stare of curiosily at the heads of the madmen visible through the gratings of the long durki windows : for a monieni piry may have stolev across their leelings, bring a gay carriage rolled by and they forgot all about " the poor mad-people.'
A feeling of dread almost approaching to awe, came over Į passed the spacious bali and uscended the wide marble staircase or Bedlam. From the apartments of the Matron of the Hospital, chat lady conducted me Through a long slone passage to the fem male ward : the first portion of this was quiet in the the extreme. Such a çalmı, systematic activity reigned around, that one would havę ibuugbu il had been some well-regulated school. The inmates were in spacious and airy rooms, variously occupied, according to their lastes and acquirements. Some were sewing, some kuitling, some making little Tancy articles, and others reading and writing: bui all apparently ip ibe full possession of ibeir faculties. These were such as were but partially insave, or oply, so at certain inlervals ; and a few of them had nearly recovered and were to be discharged in a shon çime. From ihis we passed on a inore gloony and noisy pani, where we found the decided, thought not violent 'These paris had communications with the gardens at the back, which were laid out in different ways. Nçal Howergardens were allowed the orderly ones, wbile ihose of a trouble disposition were confined 10 gravel walks with rather high walls, and ihe violent maniacs were only occasionly allowed a siroll in small square yards with very lofty walls surmounted by iron spikes.
When we entered the second division of ihe ward several of the hapless females ran up to us, laughing and making grim aces, and took hold of our hands, chaltering away like a troup of monkeys, and quite as barmless. We descended a wide staircase into ilie gardens where there were great numbers of paticiits variously oce cupied. One was walking rapidly about as though engaged on most important business : another was standing stock still in the centre of a grass-plot, watching the goals in the air with true spanish gravily: a third was scaled in a corner deeply immersed in a small boak. Others were walking arm in arm, or rumumng chases, as mere rily as though they were school girls just freed fresa Their lessons. In shori nearly all appeared 10 be lively and gay: there were but very few of a melaucboly cast, such by the way ure generally the most difficult lo cure.*
• At least one half of the female cases are caused by lore, while with men drunkenpess is the chief reason; disappointed ambition stands Dext, and love last in the list. The proportion in which the professions furnish patients to Bedlam is as follows. Merchants und Tradesmien 60: officers, naval and mia Tiwy, 50: Clergy when and lauded proprietors 30: Lawyers 20: Medical wen 10.